Acid Rain

Acid Rain News -- ScienceDaily Learn the cause and effect of acid rain. Read environmental news articles on how acid rain takes nutrients from the soil, leads to stunted forests and more.

  • One of planet's largest volcanic eruptions
    on October 11, 2017 at 1:11 pm

    Researchers have determined that the Pacific Northwest was home to one of the Earth's largest known volcanic eruptions, a millennia-long spewing of sulfuric gas that blocked out the sun and cooled the planet. Only two other eruptions -- the basalt floods of the Siberian Traps and the Deccan Traps -- were larger, and they led to two of the Earth's great extinctions. […]

  • Study examines legacies of rainforest burning in British Columbia
    on September 25, 2017 at 5:30 pm

    Analyses of temperate rain forests located on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada, suggest that for centuries, humans have intentionally used fire to manage plant life. […]

  • Study finds no-tillage not sufficient alone to prevent water pollution from nitrate
    on September 22, 2017 at 8:25 pm

    A new study answers a long-debated agricultural question: whether no-tillage alone is sufficient to prevent water pollution from nitrate. The answer is no. […]

  • Profitable cooperation: Ants protect and fertilize plants
    on August 31, 2017 at 12:21 am

    Biologists describe how the waste left by ants on plant leaves serves as a valuable fertilizer for the plants -- handed on a silver platter. […]

  • Acid zone in Chesapeake Bay identified
    on August 28, 2017 at 1:37 pm

    A new article identifies pH minimum zone in Chesapeake Bay. The area, 30-50 feet down, threatens the ability of shellfish such as oysters, clams and scallops to create and maintain their shells. […]

  • Biochar shows benefits as manure lagoon cover
    on August 9, 2017 at 6:02 pm

    Manure is a reality in raising farm animals. Manure can be a useful fertilizer, returning valued nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to the soil for plant growth. But manure has problems. Odor offensiveness, gas emissions, nutrient runoff, and possible water pollution are just a few. New methods may reduce these negatives while potentially adding some positives: biochar covers. […]

  • Biochar could clear the air in more ways than one
    on July 27, 2017 at 2:29 pm

    Biochar could reduce local air pollution from agriculture by reducing emissions of nitric oxide from soil. Researchers argue that a better understanding of nitric oxide response to biochar will save lives and money, especially on farms near urban areas where agricultural emissions contribute to ozone and particulate matter formation. […]

  • Adjusting fertilizers vital in claypan ag soils
    on July 26, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    New research could help claypan farmers improve yields while saving costs. […]

  • Air pollution: Diesel is now better than gas, emitting fewer carbonaceous particulates
    on July 17, 2017 at 3:04 pm

    Regulators, take note: a new international study shows that modern diesel passenger cars emit fewer carbonaceous particulates than gasoline-powered vehicles. […]

  • Could concrete help solve the problem of air pollution?
    on July 8, 2017 at 1:14 am

    Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to air pollution, is removed from the air by concrete surfaces, new research shows. […]

  • The Black Forest and climate change
    on June 30, 2017 at 2:50 pm

    Silver and Douglas firs could replace Norway spruce in the long run due to their greater resistance to droughts. […]

  • Can animal diet mitigate greenhouse emissions?
    on June 22, 2017 at 12:29 pm

    The inclusion of agroindustrial by-products in pig feed can reduce the nitrous oxide emissions (N2O) of the slurry used as manures up to 65%, suggests new research. […]

  • Stony corals more resistant to climate change than thought
    on June 1, 2017 at 7:19 pm

    Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons. […]

  • Mining for answers on abandoned mines
    on May 31, 2017 at 5:40 pm

    In the western United States 160,000 abandoned mines contaminate soils in the region. Researchers hope to solve this problem with biochar, a charcoal-like substance that can reduce the toxic consequences of mining for metals. […]

  • Reduced US air pollution will boost rainfall in Africa's Sahel, says study
    on May 23, 2017 at 12:16 pm

    Falling sulfur dioxide emissions in the United States are expected to substantially increase rainfall in Africa's semi-arid Sahel, while bringing slightly more rain to much of the US, according to a new study. […]

  • Are the Paris soil carbon sequestration goals unrealistic?
    on April 21, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    The goal to offset rises in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations by increasing soil carbon storage by 4 per mille (0.4%) per year is unrealistic, say scientists in a new article. […]

  • Canary in the kelp forest: Sea creature dissolves in today's warming, acidic waters
    on April 19, 2017 at 5:19 pm

    The one-two punch of warming waters and ocean acidification is predisposing some marine animals to dissolving quickly under conditions already occurring off the Northern California coast, according to a new study. […]

  • How campuses can measure their nitrogen footprints
    on April 18, 2017 at 8:18 pm

    A new groundbreaking initiative helps researchers to measure and reduce the nitrogen footprint left behind by campus activities like food waste and energy consumption. The publication outlines research aiming to reduce emissions of reactive nitrogen and prevent negative impacts on such things as water quality, air pollution, and climate change. […]

  • First oceans may have been acidic
    on April 10, 2017 at 1:56 pm

    New research has looked to the distant past -- all the way back to Earth's earliest oceans. A newly developed model suggests that the early oceans, right around the time that life originated, were somewhat acidic, and that they gradually became alkaline. […]

  • Nitrogen, phosphorus from fertilizers and pet waste polluting urban water
    on April 5, 2017 at 3:20 pm

    New research points to lawn fertilizers and pet waste as the dominant sources of nitrogen and phosphorus pollutants in seven sub-watersheds of the Mississippi River in Saint Paul, Minnesota. […]

  • Will grass become the new gasoline?
    on March 31, 2017 at 4:18 pm

    A new process that turns grass into biofuel has been developed by scientists. Although it might sound revolutionary, there’s still a lot to do before this becomes reality, however. Right now the amount of biofuel that can be made from grass is still limited to a few drops. But the researchers ask, will we soon be driving on "grassoline?" […]

  • Multi-year study finds 'hotspots' of ammonia over world's major agricultural areas
    on March 16, 2017 at 3:21 pm

    Fertilizers, animal waste, changes to atmospheric chemistry and warming soils are all tied to increased ammonia over US, Europe, China and India, say researchers as they reveal the first global, long-term satellite study of airborne ammonia. […]

  • Researchers discovered fungus gnat Paradise in Peruvian Amazonia
    on March 10, 2017 at 2:15 pm

    Researchers have discovered and identified 16 new fungus gnat species in the Amazonia. The diverse gnat species maintain exceptionally rich parasitoid wasp species, which shows the importance of interdependence between rain forest species. […]

  • First global maps of volcanic emissions use NASA satellite data
    on March 9, 2017 at 8:06 pm

    A number of volcanoes around the world continuously exhale water vapor laced with heavy metals, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide, among many other gases. Of these, sulfur dioxide is the easiest to detect from space. […]

  • Petrol, jet fuel alternatives are produced by yeast cell factories
    on March 9, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    There have been many attempts to modify this stubborn little enzyme, but none have succeeded. Until now. New findings show that the fatty acid synthase (FAS) enzyme has started to produce sustainable chemicals for biofuels. […]

  • Synchrotron sheds (X-ray) light on carbon chemistry at ocean surfaces
    on March 7, 2017 at 4:28 pm

    Carbonate, bicarbonate, and carbonic acid emerge when atmospheric carbon dioxide dissolves in the oceans, which is the largest sink for this greenhouse gas. Researchers are interested in better understanding the carbonate system to potentially help facilitate carbon sequestration schemes, to help mitigate climate change. Recently, researchers made breakthrough discoveries about the carbonate species' behavior at saltwater surfaces, like that of the ocean. […]

  • Light rain can spread soil bacteria far and wide, study finds
    on March 7, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    A good rain can have a cleansing effect on the land. But a new study reports that, under just the right conditions, rain can also be a means of spreading bacteria. Using high-resolution imaging, researchers observed the effect of raindrops falling on dry soil laden with bacteria. […]

  • Iron dissolved by air pollution may increase ocean potential to trap carbon
    on March 1, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    Iron particles generated by cities and industry are being dissolved by human-made air pollution and washed into the sea -- potentially increasing the amount of greenhouse gases that the world's oceans can absorb, a new study suggests. […]

  • Unexpected result: Ocean acidification can also promote shell formation
    on January 27, 2017 at 4:29 pm

    More carbon dioxide in the air also acidifies the oceans. It seemed to be the logical conclusion that shellfish and corals will suffer, because chalk formation becomes more difficult in more acidic seawater. But now a group of scientists discovered to their own surprise that some tiny unicellular shellfish (foraminifera) make better shells in an acidic environment. This is a completely new insight. […]

  • People aren't the only beneficiaries of power plant carbon standards
    on January 4, 2017 at 5:59 pm

    A research team has projected the potential affects of carbon emissions standards in the year 2020. Their work shows that key crops and tree species would benefit from policies that would limit the emission of pollutants from power plants. […]