Acid Rain

Acid Rain News -- ScienceDaily Learn the cause and effect of acid rain. Read environmental news articles on how acid rain takes nutrients from the soil, leads to stunted forests and more.

  • Can animal diet mitigate greenhouse emissions?
    on June 22, 2017 at 12:29 pm

    The inclusion of agroindustrial by-products in pig feed can reduce the nitrous oxide emissions (N2O) of the slurry used as manures up to 65%, suggests new research. […]

  • Stony corals more resistant to climate change than thought
    on June 1, 2017 at 7:19 pm

    Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons. […]

  • Mining for answers on abandoned mines
    on May 31, 2017 at 5:40 pm

    In the western United States 160,000 abandoned mines contaminate soils in the region. Researchers hope to solve this problem with biochar, a charcoal-like substance that can reduce the toxic consequences of mining for metals. […]

  • Reduced US air pollution will boost rainfall in Africa's Sahel, says study
    on May 23, 2017 at 12:16 pm

    Falling sulfur dioxide emissions in the United States are expected to substantially increase rainfall in Africa's semi-arid Sahel, while bringing slightly more rain to much of the US, according to a new study. […]

  • Are the Paris soil carbon sequestration goals unrealistic?
    on April 21, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    The goal to offset rises in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations by increasing soil carbon storage by 4 per mille (0.4%) per year is unrealistic, say scientists in a new article. […]

  • Canary in the kelp forest: Sea creature dissolves in today's warming, acidic waters
    on April 19, 2017 at 5:19 pm

    The one-two punch of warming waters and ocean acidification is predisposing some marine animals to dissolving quickly under conditions already occurring off the Northern California coast, according to a new study. […]

  • How campuses can measure their nitrogen footprints
    on April 18, 2017 at 8:18 pm

    A new groundbreaking initiative helps researchers to measure and reduce the nitrogen footprint left behind by campus activities like food waste and energy consumption. The publication outlines research aiming to reduce emissions of reactive nitrogen and prevent negative impacts on such things as water quality, air pollution, and climate change. […]

  • First oceans may have been acidic
    on April 10, 2017 at 1:56 pm

    New research has looked to the distant past -- all the way back to Earth's earliest oceans. A newly developed model suggests that the early oceans, right around the time that life originated, were somewhat acidic, and that they gradually became alkaline. […]

  • Nitrogen, phosphorus from fertilizers and pet waste polluting urban water
    on April 5, 2017 at 3:20 pm

    New research points to lawn fertilizers and pet waste as the dominant sources of nitrogen and phosphorus pollutants in seven sub-watersheds of the Mississippi River in Saint Paul, Minnesota. […]

  • Will grass become the new gasoline?
    on March 31, 2017 at 4:18 pm

    A new process that turns grass into biofuel has been developed by scientists. Although it might sound revolutionary, there’s still a lot to do before this becomes reality, however. Right now the amount of biofuel that can be made from grass is still limited to a few drops. But the researchers ask, will we soon be driving on "grassoline?" […]

  • Multi-year study finds 'hotspots' of ammonia over world's major agricultural areas
    on March 16, 2017 at 3:21 pm

    Fertilizers, animal waste, changes to atmospheric chemistry and warming soils are all tied to increased ammonia over US, Europe, China and India, say researchers as they reveal the first global, long-term satellite study of airborne ammonia. […]

  • Researchers discovered fungus gnat Paradise in Peruvian Amazonia
    on March 10, 2017 at 2:15 pm

    Researchers have discovered and identified 16 new fungus gnat species in the Amazonia. The diverse gnat species maintain exceptionally rich parasitoid wasp species, which shows the importance of interdependence between rain forest species. […]

  • First global maps of volcanic emissions use NASA satellite data
    on March 9, 2017 at 8:06 pm

    A number of volcanoes around the world continuously exhale water vapor laced with heavy metals, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide, among many other gases. Of these, sulfur dioxide is the easiest to detect from space. […]

  • Petrol, jet fuel alternatives are produced by yeast cell factories
    on March 9, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    There have been many attempts to modify this stubborn little enzyme, but none have succeeded. Until now. New findings show that the fatty acid synthase (FAS) enzyme has started to produce sustainable chemicals for biofuels. […]

  • Synchrotron sheds (X-ray) light on carbon chemistry at ocean surfaces
    on March 7, 2017 at 4:28 pm

    Carbonate, bicarbonate, and carbonic acid emerge when atmospheric carbon dioxide dissolves in the oceans, which is the largest sink for this greenhouse gas. Researchers are interested in better understanding the carbonate system to potentially help facilitate carbon sequestration schemes, to help mitigate climate change. Recently, researchers made breakthrough discoveries about the carbonate species' behavior at saltwater surfaces, like that of the ocean. […]

  • Light rain can spread soil bacteria far and wide, study finds
    on March 7, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    A good rain can have a cleansing effect on the land. But a new study reports that, under just the right conditions, rain can also be a means of spreading bacteria. Using high-resolution imaging, researchers observed the effect of raindrops falling on dry soil laden with bacteria. […]

  • Iron dissolved by air pollution may increase ocean potential to trap carbon
    on March 1, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    Iron particles generated by cities and industry are being dissolved by human-made air pollution and washed into the sea -- potentially increasing the amount of greenhouse gases that the world's oceans can absorb, a new study suggests. […]

  • Unexpected result: Ocean acidification can also promote shell formation
    on January 27, 2017 at 4:29 pm

    More carbon dioxide in the air also acidifies the oceans. It seemed to be the logical conclusion that shellfish and corals will suffer, because chalk formation becomes more difficult in more acidic seawater. But now a group of scientists discovered to their own surprise that some tiny unicellular shellfish (foraminifera) make better shells in an acidic environment. This is a completely new insight. […]

  • People aren't the only beneficiaries of power plant carbon standards
    on January 4, 2017 at 5:59 pm

    A research team has projected the potential affects of carbon emissions standards in the year 2020. Their work shows that key crops and tree species would benefit from policies that would limit the emission of pollutants from power plants. […]

  • Mitigating the risk of geoengineering
    on December 12, 2016 at 8:24 pm

    The planet is warming at an unprecedented rate and reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses alone is not enough to remove the risk, say experts. […]

  • Soil fertility: Global map of soil pH
    on December 8, 2016 at 7:34 pm

    Researchers create a global map of soil pH and illuminate how it changes between wet and dry climates. […]

  • Scientists shed light on the climate-changing desert dust fertilizing our oceans
    on December 6, 2016 at 4:17 pm

    New research has pinpointed how much phosphate 'fertilizer' is released from dust depending on atmospheric acid levels. The way in which human-made acids in the atmosphere interact with this dust that nourishes our oceans has now been quantified by scientists for the first time. […]

  • First detection of ammonia in the upper troposphere
    on December 5, 2016 at 2:56 pm

    Population is growing, climate is warming -- hence, emission of ammonia (NH3) trace gas from e.g. agriculture will increase worldwide. Recently, scientists for the first time have detected NH3 in the upper troposphere. They analyzed satellite measurements by the MIPAS infrared spectrometer and found increased amounts of NH3 between 12 and 15 km height in the area of the Asian monsoon. This suggests that the gas is responsible for the formation of aerosols, smallest particles that might contribute to cloud formation. […]

  • More frequent, more intense and longer-lasting storms cause heavier spring rain in central US
    on December 1, 2016 at 9:48 pm

    Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years. What has fueled these storms? The temperature difference between the Southern Great Plains and the Atlantic Ocean produces winds that carry moisture from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Plains, according to a recent study. […]

  • 6,000 years ago the Sahara Desert was tropical, so what happened?
    on November 30, 2016 at 7:10 pm

    As little as 6,000 years ago, the vast Sahara Desert was covered in grassland that received plenty of rainfall, but shifts in the world's weather patterns abruptly transformed the vegetated region into some of the driest land on Earth. Now a researcher is trying to uncover the clues responsible for this enormous climate transformation -- and the findings could lead to better rainfall predictions worldwide. […]

  • Toxic 'marine snow' can sink quickly, persist at ocean depths
    on November 28, 2016 at 5:51 pm

    A specific neurotoxin can persist and accumulate in “marine snow” formed by the algae Pseudo-nitzschia, and this marine snow can reach significant depths quickly, report investigators. […]

  • Large forest die-offs can have effects that ricochet to distant ecosystems
    on November 18, 2016 at 1:51 am

    Major forest die-offs due to drought, heat and beetle infestations or deforestation could have consequences far beyond the local landscape. say scientists. Wiping out an entire forest can have significant effects on global climate patterns and alter vegetation on the other side of the world, they say. […]

  • Diplomatic global warming: Environmental cooperation during 1970s helped ease Cold War tensions
    on November 17, 2016 at 3:17 pm

    Scientific cooperation to address concerns about the environment helped to foster détente between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1970s, concludes a newly published paper. […]

  • Researchers solve mystery of historic 1952 London fog and current Chinese haze
    on November 15, 2016 at 2:15 pm

    In 1952 a killer fog covered London for five days, causing breathing problems and killing thousands of residents. The exact cause and nature of the fog has remained mostly unknown for decades, but an international team of scientists believes that the mystery has been solved. […]

  • Impact of sea smell overestimated by present climate models
    on November 4, 2016 at 2:32 pm

    The most comprehensive study on the atmospheric oxidation of the natural climatic gas dimethyl sulfide has been published in a new report. […]