Cloning

Cloning News -- ScienceDaily Cloning articles. Uncover cloned animal abnormalities, discover cloned pigs with benefits such as omega-3 fatty acids and much more in our current research news on cloning.

  • Gene that makes large, plump tomatoes identified
    on August 17, 2017 at 6:18 pm

    Farmers can grow big, juicy tomatoes thanks to a mutation in the cell size regulator gene that occurred during the tomato domestication process. […]

  • Gene that controls immune response to chronic viral infections identified
    on August 15, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    A gene that helps some people and animals fend off persistent viral infections has now been discovered by a team of scientists. […]

  • Scientists use gene editing to eliminate viruses in live pigs
    on August 10, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    Scientists have edited the pig genome to deactivate a family of retroviruses. The results hold important implications for transplant medicine in humans. […]

  • Pregnancy loss and the evolution of sex are linked by cellular line dance
    on August 1, 2017 at 11:04 pm

    Meiosis takes a heavy toll on the viability of offspring, new research shows. And not just for humans. Creatures from geckos to garlic and cactuses to cockroaches pay a price to undergo sexual reproduction. […]

  • New way cells turn off genes
    on July 19, 2017 at 5:23 pm

    For some developmental genes one allele must stay silent, otherwise debilitating syndromes and cancers can arise. Scientists have now uncovered a new imprinting mechanism cells use to keep these genes quiet in mice. […]

  • New biosynthetic pathway unique to pathogenic microorganisms
    on July 7, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    A new unique biosynthetic pathway for D-Glutamate has been discovered, an important cell wall component in pathogenic bacteria, which could lead to the development of medicines and agricultural chemicals. […]

  • Cloning thousands of genes for massive protein libraries
    on June 26, 2017 at 4:46 pm

    Discovering the function of a gene requires cloning a DNA sequence and expressing it. Until now, this was performed on a one-gene-at-a-time basis, causing a bottleneck. Scientists have invented a technology to clone thousands of genes simultaneously and create massive libraries of proteins from DNA samples, potentially ushering in a new era of functional genomics. […]

  • Antibiotics promote resistance on experimental croplands
    on June 16, 2017 at 5:40 pm

    Researchers have generated both novel and existing antibiotic resistance mechanisms on experimental farmland, by exposing the soil to specific antibiotics. […]

  • A mammoth task: How do we decide which species to resurrect?
    on May 16, 2017 at 1:26 pm

    The resurrection of vanished species -- through cutting-edge technologies such as gene-editing -- should be targeted towards recently extinct species rather than ancient ones, according to a conservation biologist. He suggests that long-gone species such as the woolly mammoth would not be the best focus for de-extinction efforts. […]

  • Why does so much of nature rely on sex for reproduction?
    on May 4, 2017 at 3:05 pm

    Why is sex so popular among plants and animals, and why isn't asexual reproduction, or cloning, a more common reproductive strategy? […]

  • Atomic structure reveals how cells translate environmental signals
    on April 17, 2017 at 7:46 pm

    Culminating a nearly 10 year effort, researchers have determined the atomic resolution structure of a key molecule that translates signals from a cell’s local environment into a language that the cell can understand and use. The determination of the architecture of the Inositol Tris-Phosphate Receptor (IP3R) had long been considered a major goal in biomedical research because of its strategic role inside cells as a molecular train station for transferring signals that control many cell functions. The structure is expected to contribute to the development of better therapeutic approaches for many diseases. […]

  • How can a legally binding agreement on human cloning be established?
    on March 21, 2017 at 3:02 pm

    Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate. Researchers argue that a robust global governance framework on human cloning should draw on recent successes in climate change and business ethics for inspiration. […]

  • Sex evolved to help future generations fight infection, scientists show
    on December 21, 2016 at 3:01 am

    Why does sex exist when organisms that clone themselves use less time and energy, and do not need a mate to produce offspring? Researchers aiming to answer this age-old question have discovered that sex can help the next generation resist infection. […]

  • Salamanders brave miles of threatening terrain for the right sex partner
    on December 21, 2016 at 3:00 am

    Most salamanders are homebodies when it comes to mating. But some of the beasts hit the road, traversing miles of rugged terrain unfit for an amphibian in pursuit of a partner from a far-away wetland. […]

  • Cow gene study shows why most clones fail
    on December 9, 2016 at 11:43 pm

    It has been 20 years since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned in Scotland, but cloning mammals remains a challenge. A new study of gene expression in developing clones now shows why most cloned embryos likely fail. […]

  • Genetic mutation in whale eyes may increase mortality risks
    on October 24, 2016 at 9:18 pm

    Difficulty seeing in bright light, which can be linked to a genetic mutation, can also increase baleen whales' susceptibility to fatal entanglements in fishing gear, say researchers. […]

  • Mice born from 'tricked' eggs
    on September 13, 2016 at 4:45 pm

    Eggs can be 'tricked' into developing into an embryo without fertilization, but the resulting embryos, called parthenogenotes, die after a few days because key developmental processes requiring input from sperm don't happen. However, scientists have developed a method of injecting mouse parthenogenotes with sperm that allows them to become healthy baby mice with a success rate of up to 24 per cent. […]

  • What’s changed in genetics since your high school biology class?
    on August 2, 2016 at 9:26 pm

    The field of genetics has seen astonishing breakthroughs and the development of world-changing technologies in the past half century. […]

  • Nottingham Dollies prove cloned sheep can live long and healthy lives
    on July 26, 2016 at 4:29 pm

    Three weeks after the scientific world marked the 20th anniversary of the birth of Dolly the sheep, new research has shown that four clones derived from the same cell line -- genomic copies of Dolly -- reached their 8th birthdays in good health. […]

  • Scientists watch water fleas take over new territory
    on July 19, 2016 at 4:39 pm

    Look into any nutrient-rich pond almost anywhere in the world and you will find Daphnia pulex, a tiny crustacean (also called a water flea) that is a source of food for fish and fascination for scientists. A new study offers insights into this creature's ability to disperse and its remarkable success in the wild. […]

  • Unsilencing silenced genes by CRISPR/Cas9
    on July 1, 2016 at 4:05 pm

    Scientists have developed a new technique to unleash silenced genes and change cell fates using CRISPR/Cas9. […]

  • No males needed: All-female salamanders regrow tails 36 percent faster
    on May 2, 2016 at 3:12 pm

    The lady salamander that shuns male companionship may reap important benefits. For instance, when a predator snaps off her tail .New research compared an all-female population of mole salamanders to a related heterosexual species and found they grew their tails back 36 percent faster. The unisexual salamanders (part of the Ambystoma genus) contain DNA of up to five species and reproduce primarily by cloning themselves. […]

  • New gene-detecting technology brings new, resilient superwheat closer
    on April 25, 2016 at 6:15 pm

    Scientists have pioneered a new gene-detecting technology which, if deployed correctly could lead to the creation of a new elite variety of wheat with durable resistance to disease. […]

  • Fungus that threatens chocolate forgoes sexual reproduction for cloning
    on March 22, 2016 at 4:04 pm

    A fungal disease that poses a serious threat to cacao plants -- the source of chocolate -- reproduces clonally, researchers find. The fungus causes frosty pod rot, a disease that has decimated cacao plantations through much of the Americas. Because it belongs to a group of fungi that produces mushrooms -- the fruit of fungal sex -- many researchers and cacao breeders believed the fungus reproduced sexually. […]

  • Improved harvest for small farms thanks to naturally cloned crops
    on January 28, 2016 at 6:30 pm

    As hybrid plants provide a very high agricultural yield for only one generation, new hybrid seeds need to be produced and used every year. However, natural cloning via seeds might enable the efficiency of such plants to be passed on unchanged. For the first time in experiments, researchers have demonstrated that this nearly 80-year-old idea actually works. This may open up fresh possibilities for both seed producers and small farms in the developing World. […]

  • Trees created with enhanced resistance to greening
    on November 24, 2015 at 1:22 am

    After a decade of battling the highly destructive citrus greening bacterium, researchers have developed genetically modified citrus trees that show enhanced resistance to greening, and have the potential to resist canker and black spot, as well. However, the commercial availability of those trees is still several years away. […]

  • Cray-active solution for cancer research
    on November 2, 2015 at 6:02 pm

    A new species has been discovered that is helping scientists understand epigenetics: all individuals of the marbled crayfish examined so far have been female. They reproduce by parthenogenesis, the unfertilized ovum develops directly into a new individual, and possess completely identical genetic makeup; differences between individuals must therefore result from epigenetics. Cancer too can also have epigenetic causes, which makes the marbled crayfish an interesting model for cancer research. […]

  • What's behind million-dollar crop failures in oil palm? Would you believe bad karma?
    on September 9, 2015 at 6:20 pm

    What has spoiled tens upon tens of thousands of fledgling oil palm plants at elite corporate plantations in Malaysia and elsewhere in Southeast Asia over the last three decades? The answer to this problem, which has cost untold millions in spoilage and had adverse implications for the tropical environment, is 'bad karma', says an international team of genetic sleuths. They refer to a faulty gene message. […]

  • Novel toxin, and the first ever found, for deadly pathogen M. tuberculosis
    on August 3, 2015 at 3:12 pm

    The first known toxin of the pathogenic bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been described by scientists. This necrotizing toxin is the founding member of a novel class of previously unrecognized toxins present in 246 bacterial and fungal species. […]

  • Starfish that clone themselves live longer
    on June 25, 2015 at 3:13 pm

    Starfish that reproduce through cloning avoid aging to a greater extent than those that propagate through sexual reproduction. […]