Conflict

Conflict News -- ScienceDaily Summaries of scientific studies relating to armed conflict and the effects of conflict on society.

  • More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates
    on October 19, 2017 at 8:42 pm

    Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study. […]

  • Noncompliance thwarts comprehensive background check policy for private-party sales, study finds
    on October 10, 2017 at 6:14 pm

    Only one state with expanded background check policies for all gun transfers is compliant, outlines a new report. […]

  • Perpetrators of genocide say they're 'good people'
    on October 5, 2017 at 2:33 pm

    The men who were tried for their role in the 1994 Rwandan genocide that killed up to 1 million people want you to know that they're actually very good people. That's the most common way accused men try to account for their actions in testimony before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, a new study has found. […]

  • People think harder and produce better political arguments when their views are challenged
    on September 27, 2017 at 2:23 pm

    People who are presented with political statements contradictory to their own beliefs tend to think harder and produce better arguments, according to new research. […]

  • Drought: A cause of riots
    on September 26, 2017 at 1:05 pm

    The scientific community has been working on the possibility of a relationship between periods of drought and rioting for several years. Now a team has formally verified this hypothesis by studying almost 1,800 riots that occurred over a 20-year period in sub-Saharan Africa. The researchers observed a systematic link between the sudden depletion of water resources and the outbreak of unrest. They also succeeded in quantifying the impact of geographic and social factors on the same link. […]

  • There is almost no research on what distinguishes potential terrorists, study finds
    on September 25, 2017 at 2:47 pm

    A recent analysis of the existing research on factors associated with an individual's risk for engaging in terrorist activity highlights how little we know about these factors and the need for additional research in this area. […]

  • Strong alcohol policies help reduce alcohol-involved homicides
    on September 21, 2017 at 8:12 pm

    Stronger alcohol policies, including taxes and sales restrictions, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of alcohol involvement among homicide victims, according to a new study. […]

  • Mathematician and chronicler of political murders
    on September 19, 2017 at 2:52 pm

    Emil J. Gumbel's formulas are fundamental for extreme value theory. This statistical discipline describes extreme incidents, such as floods or storms. Little is known, however, that he was also a pioneer of modern data journalism, unveiling the patterns of political murder in the Weimar Republic. Researchers now intend to fill in the gaps in what the world knows about Gumbel. […]

  • Do we need to reform international drug treaties as more countries legalize cannabis?
    on September 9, 2017 at 12:55 am

    The future of international drug control treaties is in doubt because of recent treaty-violating decisions to legalize cannabis use in Canada, the United States and Uruguay. A professor, whose 2014 review of 20 years of cannabis research made world headlines, thinks so. If decriminalization is the way of the future, he advocates a cautious approach to policy reform that would involve trialing and evaluating the effects of incrementally more liberal drug policies. […]

  • Academic argues for changes in the laws governing modern warfare
    on September 7, 2017 at 2:41 pm

    Modern warfare and terrorist acts often sees the killing of innocent civilians which presents complex challenges for the international legal framework governing the conduct of armed conflicts, explains a new report. […]

  • Jordan faces likelihood of much more frequent long and severe droughts
    on August 31, 2017 at 12:21 am

    Jordan is among the world's most water-poor nations, and a new, comprehensive analysis of regional drought and land-use changes in upstream Syria suggests the conditions could get significantly worse. […]

  • Improvised explosive devices inflict much more serious injuries than land mines
    on August 23, 2017 at 10:44 pm

    The types of close contact injuries inflicted by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are much more serious than those associated with land mines, finds research. […]

  • Medical response to terrorism: French doctors outline response to attacks in Paris and Nice
    on July 26, 2017 at 12:42 am

    Following the terrorist attacks in Paris and Nice, French experts outline the country's medical response to terrorism in a new report. […]

  • Global hotspots for potential water conflict identified
    on July 17, 2017 at 8:00 pm

    More than 1,400 new dams or water diversion projects are planned or already under construction, fueling the potential for increased water conflict between some countries. […]

  • Why a single nuke's impact shouldn't only be measured in megatons
    on July 13, 2017 at 12:26 pm

    A single nuclear warhead could cause devastating climate change, resulting in widespread drought and famine that could cost a billion lives, warn researchers. […]

  • JFK's back problems: A new look
    on July 11, 2017 at 12:55 pm

    JFK promoted an image of himself as a young, healthy, strong-bodied man. But this image belies the truth: that Kennedy's life was plagued by illnesses and he required strong medication to perform his tasks as president. A new paper sheds light on JFK's back problems and how they affected his life. […]

  • New study describes method to save lives in chemical attacks
    on July 10, 2017 at 6:23 pm

    A new study is taking a closer look at the damage caused by chemical attacks in Syria. The Syrian Civil War, ongoing since 2011, has seen hundreds of people killed through the use of chemical weapons. […]

  • German cities traumatized in WWII show distinct psychological resilience today
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    German Angst is a term commonly used to characterize the perceived tendency of Germans to be pessimistic. But is there anything to it and what are potential historical sources? A team of psychologists has addressed the issue in a study. To the surprise of the researchers, the data showed that those German cities that had suffered from more severe strategic bombing than other cities show more, not less, psychological resilience today. […]

  • Modeling Gulf War illness: Knowing the cause of brain dysfunction is key to finding a cure
    on June 20, 2017 at 3:40 pm

    When hundreds of thousands of American troops deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1990 and 1991 in the First Gulf War, they were exposed to a variety of chemicals. These chemicals -- especially when coupled with war-related stress -- seem to still be affecting nearly 200,000 Gulf War veterans -- or 25 to 32 percent of those who served -- more than 25 years later, and the constellation of resulting symptoms has been termed Gulf War illness. […]

  • Where climate change is most likely to induce food violence
    on June 8, 2017 at 4:37 pm

    While climate change is expected to lead to more violence related to food scarcity, new research suggests that the strength of a country's government plays a vital role in preventing uprisings. […]

  • Why do Americans own handguns? Fear of crime and a broader sense of danger
    on June 8, 2017 at 11:29 am

    A new psychological theoretical framework suggests US handgun ownership is motivated by combination of fear of crime and a general sense that the world is an unpredictable dangerous place. […]

  • New fabric coating could thwart chemical weapons, save lives
    on June 7, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    Chemical weapons are nightmarish. In a millisecond, they can kill hundreds, if not thousands. But, in a study, scientists report that they have developed a way to adhere a lightweight coating onto fabrics that is capable of neutralizing a subclass of these toxins -- those that are delivered through the skin. The life-saving technique could eventually be used to protect soldiers and emergency responders. […]

  • Populist radical right a threat to core values of medicine and public health
    on June 2, 2017 at 1:32 am

    The populist radical right is a threat to core values of medicine and public health, even within a functioning democratic system, according to an expert commentary. […]

  • Congo's miners often resort to hunting wildlife for food, study finds
    on May 26, 2017 at 6:37 pm

    Mining for valuable minerals in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a major driving factor in the illegal hunting of great apes and other wildlife for food, a new study has found. Authors of the new report recommend strengthening wildlife-friendly mining regulations and increasing sustainable domestic food sources as solutions against wildlife poaching near mining sites. […]

  • South Sudan wildlife surviving civil war, but poaching and trafficking threats increase
    on May 24, 2017 at 11:16 pm

    The first aerial assessment of the impact of South Sudan's current civil war on the country's wildlife and other natural resources shows that significant wildlife populations have so far survived, but poaching and commercial wildlife trafficking are increasing, as well as illegal mining, timber harvesting and charcoal production. […]

  • Living in a state with weak gun laws could increase risk of being shot by police
    on May 18, 2017 at 9:40 pm

    Citizens living in states with the weakest gun laws are more than twice as likely to be fatally shot by law enforcement compared to those living in states with the strongest gun laws. […]

  • Myanmar's extensive forests are declining rapidly due to political and economic change
    on May 17, 2017 at 6:36 pm

    The loss of intact forest cover in Myanmar has accelerated over the last decade, according to a new study. […]

  • Researchers study DNA from explosives
    on May 16, 2017 at 1:08 pm

    Researchers hope to unmask manufacturers of homemade explosives using new advancements in DNA technology. […]

  • Youth most at risk for violence or mental health issues have increased access to guns
    on May 4, 2017 at 12:31 pm

    New research found adolescents who reported greatest access to guns -- either in their own home or a friend's - also were among those with higher risk for violent behavior. Researchers discovered additional factors linked with increased firearms access that included past suicide attempts and self-reported mental health disorder diagnoses. […]

  • California handgun sales spiked after two mass shootings, study finds
    on May 1, 2017 at 10:43 pm

    In the six weeks after the Newtown and San Bernardino mass shootings, handguns sales jumped in California, yet there is little research on why -- or on the implications for public health, according to a researcher. […]