Conflict News -- ScienceDaily Summaries of scientific studies relating to armed conflict and the effects of conflict on society.

  • Dying for the group: What motivates the ultimate sacrifice?
    on March 5, 2018 at 3:16 pm

    Whether idolized as heroes or demonized and labelled terrorists, throughout history people have been willing to die for their groups and the causes they believe in. But why? New research suggests that there is a unique psychological process that may play a crucial role in motivating the ultimate sacrifice: identity fusion. […]

  • Two-year study of gun policy research finds gaps, proposes fixes
    on March 2, 2018 at 2:10 pm

    The nation is once again debating whether to adopt new regulations on guns, but what does the evidence say about what has been done thus far? One of the largest-ever studies of US gun policy finds there is a shortage of evidence about the effects of most gun laws, although researchers say there is persuasive evidence about the effects of child access prevention laws and several other common gun policies. […]

  • Leishmaniasis strain in Iraq outbreak identified
    on March 1, 2018 at 7:42 pm

    In the hot, dry border region between northern and central Iraq, Leishmania parasite infections are so common that they've been dubbed 'Baghdad sores.' Now, for the first time, researchers have studied the prevalence of different Leishmania species and strains in the region. Most cases of leishmaniasis in Iraq match an Iranian strain. […]

  • Food abundance driving conflict in Africa, not food scarcity
    on March 1, 2018 at 4:54 pm

    In Africa, food abundance may be driving violent conflict rather than food scarcity, according to a new study. The study refutes the notion that climate change will increase the frequency of civil war in Africa as a result of food scarcity triggered by rising temperatures and drought. […]

  • Virtual reality improves offenders' empathy
    on February 26, 2018 at 2:09 pm

    Researchers have developed a virtual reality system so that men who committed a domestic violence crime can get into the victim’s shoes. The study shows that these violent people have a lack of emotional recognition and that virtual experience improves the participant’s perception of emotions. […]

  • More than half of U.S. gun owners do not safely store their guns
    on February 25, 2018 at 11:41 pm

    More than half of gun owners do not safely store all their guns, according to a new survey of 1,444 U.S. gun owners. […]

  • Sibling bullying makes psychotic disorders three times more likely
    on February 12, 2018 at 1:54 pm

    People who were bullied by siblings during childhood are up to three times more likely to develop psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia in early adulthood, according to new research. The researchers found that the more frequently children are involved in sibling bullying -- either as bully, victim, or both -- the more likely they are to develop a psychotic disorder. […]

  • Police shootings reflect structural racism, study finds
    on February 5, 2018 at 6:42 pm

    The deaths of unarmed black victims at the hands of police sparked a national conversation about racism and policing, from the Black Lives Matter movement to kneeling NFL players. But a new study finds states with a greater degree of structural racism, particularly residential segregation, have higher racial disparities in fatal police shootings of unarmed victims. […]

  • Same psychological mechanism explains violence among Muslim and Western extremists
    on January 31, 2018 at 4:04 pm

    Why do some Westerners attack Muslim minorities and asylum seekers and why do some Muslims support and engage in terror against the West? New research suggests that the reasons for such extreme behaviour might be the same in both groups. […]

  • New study debunks the theory of 'war-like' business competition in financial markets
    on January 25, 2018 at 3:54 pm

    A new study shows that the perception of war-like competitiveness is flawed and misleading. The research demonstrates that firms within syndicated financial markets, such as reinsurance, are just as likely to take a relational approach to competition, incorporating collaboration and reciprocity, contributing to and creating value for many players in the same market, even when they are rivals. […]

  • Algorithm developed to help resettle refugees and improve their integration
    on January 18, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    A new machine learning algorithm could help governments and resettlement agencies find the best places for refugees to relocate, depending on their particular skills and backgrounds. […]

  • Exposing hypocrisy can effectively reduce collective blame of Muslims for individual violent acts
    on January 17, 2018 at 8:24 pm

    White Americans were less likely to blame all Muslims for acts of terror committed by a Muslim when they were first asked to think about how much they were responsible for terrorist acts committed by other Whites. By highlighting the hypocrisy in a non-threatening way, the participants' prejudice toward Muslims declined, even a month after the intervention. […]

  • No evidence to support link between violent video games and behavior
    on January 16, 2018 at 6:13 pm

    Researchers have found no evidence to support the theory that video games make players more violent. […]

  • Hotter temperatures will accelerate migration of asylum-seekers to Europe
    on December 21, 2017 at 7:30 pm

    Researchers predict a rising number of asylum-seekers to the EU as global temperatures increase. […]

  • Routines, practice and mental rehearsal mitigate some risks of armed self-defense
    on December 18, 2017 at 8:48 pm

    U.S. consumers who buy, keep and carry handguns for self-defense assume legal, moral and safety risks that come along with owning and potentially using a handgun to defend themselves or others. […]

  • Simulation model finds Cure Violence program and targeted policing curb urban violence
    on December 14, 2017 at 9:33 pm

    When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers. […]

  • Violence a matter of scale, not quantity, researchers show
    on December 11, 2017 at 8:28 pm

    Are societies more or less violent today than they were thousands of years ago? It's a matter of scale, researchers show. In a new study, researchers present an expanded data set showing that the larger the population of a society, the smaller its war group size, proportionally, and the fewer casualties in a conflict. […]

  • Recent research on causes of gun violence analyzed
    on December 7, 2017 at 9:07 pm

    Consensus is growing in recent research evaluating the impact of right-to-carry concealed handgun laws, showing that they increase violent crime, despite what older research says. […]

  • What leads certain people to seek vengeance? Sadism
    on November 30, 2017 at 6:38 pm

    People who enjoy hurting others and seeing them in pain are more likely to seek revenge against those who have wronged them, according to a new study. […]

  • Broader gun restrictions lead to fewer intimate partner homicides
    on November 29, 2017 at 2:04 pm

    State laws that restrict gun ownership among domestic abusers and others with violent histories appear to significantly reduce intimate partner homicides, indicates a groundbreaking American study. […]

  • Upscaling is a catalyst for inequality, researchers argue
    on November 28, 2017 at 2:14 pm

    The laws of nature are what drive wealth inequality within a given society -- unless society takes action to counteract their effect, such as by adopting laws on taxation. The larger the scale, the greater the inequality. Today's globalization trend is thus a process that naturally reinforces inequality. At the same time, globalization also makes it more difficult to provide societal counterbalance. This conclusion is drawn by researchers in a publication on inequality that combines insights gleaned from nature and society. […]

  • White male gun owners with money stress more likely to be morally attached to their guns
    on November 27, 2017 at 2:11 pm

    White male gun owners who have lost, or fear losing, their economic footing tend to feel morally and emotionally attached to their guns, according to a study. They are also more likely to say the violence against the government is sometimes justified. […]

  • Climate changes triggered immigration to America in the 19th century, study finds
    on November 21, 2017 at 2:52 pm

    From Trump to Heinz, some of America's most famous family names and brands trace their origins back to Germans who emigrated to the country in the 19th century. Researchers have now found that climate was a major factor in driving migration from Southwest Germany to North America during the 19th century. […]

  • Neighborhood's quality influences children's behaviors through teens, study suggests
    on November 9, 2017 at 3:04 pm

    The quality of the neighborhood where a child grows up has a significant impact on the number of problem behaviors they display during elementary and teenage years, a study suggests.&nbs […]

  • US at 'lowest point we can remember,' survey finds
    on November 1, 2017 at 1:19 pm

    Nearly two-thirds of Americans (63 percent) say the future of the nation is a very or somewhat significant source of stress, slightly more than perennial stressors like money (62 percent) and work (61 percent), according to a new report by the American Psychological Association. […]

  • Financial ties of medical journal editors should be disclosed
    on October 30, 2017 at 7:44 pm

    Approximately half of the editors of 52 prestigious medical journals received payments from the pharmaceutical and medical device industry in 2014. And only a fraction of these journals publish conflict-of-interest policies for editors that address these payments, according to research. […]

  • Modern civilization doesn't diminish violence, study shows
    on October 27, 2017 at 2:48 pm

    Modern civilization may not have dulled humankind's bloodlust, but living in a large, organized society may increase the likelihood of surviving a war, an anthropology professor reports. […]

  • Does population size affect rates of violence?
    on October 26, 2017 at 8:45 pm

    A new article argues small-scale societies are likely to be victims, rather than perpetrators, of violence. […]

  • More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates
    on October 19, 2017 at 8:42 pm

    Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study. […]

  • Noncompliance thwarts comprehensive background check policy for private-party sales, study finds
    on October 10, 2017 at 6:14 pm

    Only one state with expanded background check policies for all gun transfers is compliant, outlines a new report. […]