Conflict

Conflict News -- ScienceDaily Summaries of scientific studies relating to armed conflict and the effects of conflict on society.

  • German cities traumatized in WWII show distinct psychological resilience today
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    German Angst is a term commonly used to characterize the perceived tendency of Germans to be pessimistic. But is there anything to it and what are potential historical sources? A team of psychologists has addressed the issue in a study. To the surprise of the researchers, the data showed that those German cities that had suffered from more severe strategic bombing than other cities show more, not less, psychological resilience today. […]

  • Modeling Gulf War illness: Knowing the cause of brain dysfunction is key to finding a cure
    on June 20, 2017 at 3:40 pm

    When hundreds of thousands of American troops deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1990 and 1991 in the First Gulf War, they were exposed to a variety of chemicals. These chemicals -- especially when coupled with war-related stress -- seem to still be affecting nearly 200,000 Gulf War veterans -- or 25 to 32 percent of those who served -- more than 25 years later, and the constellation of resulting symptoms has been termed Gulf War illness. […]

  • Where climate change is most likely to induce food violence
    on June 8, 2017 at 4:37 pm

    While climate change is expected to lead to more violence related to food scarcity, new research suggests that the strength of a country's government plays a vital role in preventing uprisings. […]

  • Why do Americans own handguns? Fear of crime and a broader sense of danger
    on June 8, 2017 at 11:29 am

    A new psychological theoretical framework suggests US handgun ownership is motivated by combination of fear of crime and a general sense that the world is an unpredictable dangerous place. […]

  • New fabric coating could thwart chemical weapons, save lives
    on June 7, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    Chemical weapons are nightmarish. In a millisecond, they can kill hundreds, if not thousands. But, in a study, scientists report that they have developed a way to adhere a lightweight coating onto fabrics that is capable of neutralizing a subclass of these toxins -- those that are delivered through the skin. The life-saving technique could eventually be used to protect soldiers and emergency responders. […]

  • Populist radical right a threat to core values of medicine and public health
    on June 2, 2017 at 1:32 am

    The populist radical right is a threat to core values of medicine and public health, even within a functioning democratic system, according to an expert commentary. […]

  • Congo's miners often resort to hunting wildlife for food, study finds
    on May 26, 2017 at 6:37 pm

    Mining for valuable minerals in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a major driving factor in the illegal hunting of great apes and other wildlife for food, a new study has found. Authors of the new report recommend strengthening wildlife-friendly mining regulations and increasing sustainable domestic food sources as solutions against wildlife poaching near mining sites. […]

  • South Sudan wildlife surviving civil war, but poaching and trafficking threats increase
    on May 24, 2017 at 11:16 pm

    The first aerial assessment of the impact of South Sudan's current civil war on the country's wildlife and other natural resources shows that significant wildlife populations have so far survived, but poaching and commercial wildlife trafficking are increasing, as well as illegal mining, timber harvesting and charcoal production. […]

  • Living in a state with weak gun laws could increase risk of being shot by police
    on May 18, 2017 at 9:40 pm

    Citizens living in states with the weakest gun laws are more than twice as likely to be fatally shot by law enforcement compared to those living in states with the strongest gun laws. […]

  • Myanmar's extensive forests are declining rapidly due to political and economic change
    on May 17, 2017 at 6:36 pm

    The loss of intact forest cover in Myanmar has accelerated over the last decade, according to a new study. […]

  • Researchers study DNA from explosives
    on May 16, 2017 at 1:08 pm

    Researchers hope to unmask manufacturers of homemade explosives using new advancements in DNA technology. […]

  • Youth most at risk for violence or mental health issues have increased access to guns
    on May 4, 2017 at 12:31 pm

    New research found adolescents who reported greatest access to guns -- either in their own home or a friend's - also were among those with higher risk for violent behavior. Researchers discovered additional factors linked with increased firearms access that included past suicide attempts and self-reported mental health disorder diagnoses. […]

  • California handgun sales spiked after two mass shootings, study finds
    on May 1, 2017 at 10:43 pm

    In the six weeks after the Newtown and San Bernardino mass shootings, handguns sales jumped in California, yet there is little research on why -- or on the implications for public health, according to a researcher. […]

  • When the smoke clears: Tobacco control in post-conflict settings
    on April 28, 2017 at 12:33 pm

    The difficulties of prioritizing preventable disease and long term health issues in post conflict zones are explored in a new report. […]

  • Media portrayal of public shooters can perpetuate stereotypes
    on April 26, 2017 at 6:17 pm

    Media portrayals of public shooters vary based on the race of the shooter, regardless of the circumstances of the shooting, new research confirms. […]

  • Youth violence on decline, new study shows
    on April 26, 2017 at 1:24 pm

    Contrary to popular perception, a new study finds that youth violence is declining -- and at noteworthy rates. Between 2002 and 2014, researchers found a 29 percent decrease in the relative proportion of young people involved in violence in the United States. The study also reveals a persistent pattern of racial and ethnic disparities in youth violence. […]

  • Estimating wealth from outer space
    on April 25, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    Cities and villages illuminated at night are common in wealthy regions such as Europe. This is different in developing countries: Satellite data shows that many dark spots are visible next to illuminated regions. Two political scientists evaluated satellite data of night light emissions and compared them with wealth estimates collected in large surveys. […]

  • 80-year-old 'viable' anthrax strain debunked using advanced genomic sequencing
    on April 25, 2017 at 2:25 pm

    A strain of anthrax-causing bacterium thought to have been viable 80 years after a thwarted World War I espionage attack, was, in reality, a much younger standard laboratory strain, a team of international researchers has found. The team speculates that the mix-up was due to commonplace laboratory contamination. […]

  • When children see war as better than peace
    on April 11, 2017 at 5:07 pm

    For most people, the end of a war offers relief, hope, and an end to violence. This may not be the case for children born of wartime rape, however, who often endure continued brutality in the post-war period. […]

  • Why do some with radical views become terrorists yet others don't?
    on April 6, 2017 at 1:15 pm

    Since most people who hold radical views do not become terrorists, what are the factors that drive some to violent extremism? Is there a connection between mental illness and terrorist involvement? And why do some interrogators resort to torture when the body of evidence shows building rapport with suspects is more effective? […]

  • When people prepare for conflict, dominant leaders take the stage
    on March 23, 2017 at 2:57 pm

    One popular theory holds that dominant leaders are supported by those who fear new situations and threats. However, new research shows that support for dominant leaders is not born of fear, but of a wish to handle the country's problems by aggressive means. […]

  • Nature conservation as a bridge to peace in the Middle East
    on March 22, 2017 at 4:26 pm

    Loss of biodiversity is a major challenge in today's world as is the quest for peace in regions engaged in conflict. But scientists say that efforts to conserve natural resources present an opportunity to find common ground between communities at odds, building trust and renewed hope for peace. […]

  • Canadian academics urged to strengthen ties to US peers in face of Trump travel ban
    on March 20, 2017 at 12:50 pm

    In the face of the Trump travel ban, academics must strengthen, rather than sever, ties to the United States, suggests a Canadian researcher. […]

  • 'Do no harm' vs 'legitimate use of force'
    on March 16, 2017 at 7:16 pm

    Bioethicists study whether health professionals in the Canadian Armed Forces can abide by two ethics codes, civilian and military. […]

  • Are military physicians ready to treat transgender patients?
    on March 13, 2017 at 5:50 pm

    A small survey of military physicians found most did not receive any formal training on transgender care, most had not treated a patient with known gender dysphoria, and most had not received sufficient training to prescribe cross-hormone therapy, according to a new research letter. […]

  • Violent video games found not to affect empathy
    on March 8, 2017 at 1:10 pm

    The link between playing violent video games and antisocial behavior, such as increased aggression and decreased empathy, is hotly debated. In a recent study the long-term effects of playing violent video games were investigated. This study found that empathy is not blunted by playing such games long-term. […]

  • To improve our political climate, change the questions we ask
    on March 2, 2017 at 7:38 pm

    Our fractured political climate in the United States might be made worse by how we approach difficult problems, researchers say in the journal Science. A team of political scientists suggests rather than asking citizens 'What do you want,' questions should be asked in a deliberative frame: 'What should we do?' […]

  • Predicting terrorist behaviors with more than 90 percent accuracy
    on March 2, 2017 at 4:57 pm

    Government agencies cannot always use social media and telecommunication to uncover the intentions of terrorists as terrorists are now more careful in utilizing these technologies for planning and preparing for attacks. A new framework is able to understand future terrorist behaviors by recognizing patterns in past attacks. […]

  • Game theory could improve cyberwarfare strategy
    on March 1, 2017 at 9:21 pm

    Whether a nation should retaliate against a cyber attack is a complicated decision, and a new framework guided by game theory could help policymakers determine the best strategy. […]

  • War less likely between nations that are 'friends of friends'
    on March 1, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    Even nations can have friends of friends, a new study has found. Results suggest these indirect relationships have a surprisingly strong ability to prevent major conflicts, and that international military alliances may matter more than we typically expect. […]