Energy and Resources

Energy and Resources News -- ScienceDaily Latest news on energy and resources.

  • Turning dirty tinfoil into biofuel catalyst
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:20 pm

    A researcher has discovered a way to convert dirty aluminium foil into a biofuel catalyst, which could help to solve global waste and energy problems. […]

  • New membranes help reduce carbon dioxide emission
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:20 pm

    Scientists are developing membranes for an efficient separation of gasses, to use for the production of oxygen or hydrogen, for example. […]

  • Climate change poses threat to European electricity production
    on July 25, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    The vulnerability of the European electricity sector to changes in water resources is set to worsen by 2030 as a consequence of climate change, conclude researchers. […]

  • New strategy to design mechano-responsive luminescent materials
    on July 25, 2017 at 12:59 pm

    Crystals made from gold complexes change color as they change structure from “chiral” to “achiral” when ground, report researchers. […]

  • Algae cultivation technique could advance biofuels
    on July 24, 2017 at 6:20 pm

    Washington State University researchers have developed a way to grow algae more efficiently -- in days instead of weeks -- and make the algae more viable for several industries, including biofuels. […]

  • Ultrathin device harvests electricity from human motion
    on July 21, 2017 at 5:19 pm

    A new electrochemical energy harvesting device can generate electrical current from the full range of human motions and is thin enough to embed in clothing. […]

  • Sparkling springs aid quest for underground heat energy sources
    on July 21, 2017 at 1:54 pm

    Studies of naturally carbonated mineral water have given scientists insight on how to locate hot water springs -- potential sources of sustainable geothermal energy. […]

  • Enhancing the resilience of the American electricity system
    on July 20, 2017 at 3:37 pm

    With growing risks to the nation's electrical grid from natural disasters and as a potential target for malicious attacks, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) should work closely with utility operators and other stakeholders to improve cyber and physical security and resilience, says a new congressionally mandated report. […]

  • New algorithm, metrics improve autonomous underwater vehicles' energy efficiency
    on July 19, 2017 at 7:41 pm

    Robotics researchers have found a way for autonomous underwater vehicles to navigate strong currents with greater energy efficiency, which means the AUVs can gather data longer and better. […]

  • Aging U.S. power plants provide risks and opportunities
    on July 19, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    When it comes to the current plans to retire US power plants, researchers believe we are 'running towards a cliff with no fence.' They found that power plant retirement trends will complicate achieving long-term carbon dioxide emission reduction targets and require a significant increase in capital investments. […]

  • Supramolecular materials with a time switch
    on July 19, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    Materials that assemble themselves and then simply disappear at the end of their lifetime are quite common in nature. Researchers have now successfully developed supramolecular materials that disintegrate at a predetermined time -- a feature that could be used in numerous applications. […]

  • Enhanced oil recovery method developed
    on July 19, 2017 at 2:05 pm

    A new class of materials which are suitable agents for oil displacing in enhanced oil recovery have been developed. […]

  • Non-toxic alternative for next-generation solar cells
    on July 18, 2017 at 3:37 pm

    Researchers have demonstrated how a non-toxic alternative to lead could form the basis of next-generation solar cells. […]

  • New hydrocarbon fuel cells with high efficiency and low cost
    on July 18, 2017 at 1:15 pm

    Engineers have developed low cost, high efficiency hydrocarbon fuel cells. […]

  • Fast, cheap method to make supercapacitor electrodes
    on July 17, 2017 at 8:00 pm

    Researchers have developed a fast, inexpensive method to make electrodes for supercapacitors, with applications in electric cars, wireless telecommunications and high-powered lasers. […]

  • Hundred-year-old law on fluid flow overturned by research
    on July 17, 2017 at 7:08 pm

    Engineers have dispelled a 100-year-old scientific law used to describe how fluid flows through rocks. The discovery could lead to a range of improvements including advances in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). This is where industrial emissions will be captured by CCS technology, before reaching the atmosphere, and safely stored in rock deep underground. […]

  • Plasmon-powered devices for medicine, security, solar cells under development
    on July 17, 2017 at 4:57 pm

    A new method that takes advantage of plasmonic metals' production of 'hot' electrons and holes to boost light to a higher frequency could be suitable for medical, energy and security applications. […]

  • Nanomaterial helps store solar energy: Efficiently and inexpensively
    on July 17, 2017 at 3:57 pm

    Since solar and wind energy is not always available, it will only contribute significantly to meeting energy demands once a reliable storage method has been developed. Now a new catalyst material for electrolysers is proving to be reliable, shows new field trials. […]

  • Climate impacts of super-giant oilfields go up with age, scientists say
    on July 17, 2017 at 3:54 pm

    Neglecting the changing energy requirements of aging oilfields can lead to an underestimate of their true climate impacts, suggests a new study. […]

  • Unbalanced wind farm planning exacerbates fluctuations
    on July 17, 2017 at 3:53 pm

    If European countries cooperated better in the field of wind energy, wind power output would fluctuate less. This is the conclusion reached by a group of energy and climate researchers who, for the first time, have combined a long-term analysis of predominant weather patterns with Europe-wide wind electricity generation. […]

  • Tiny particles increase in air with ethanol-to-gasoline switch
    on July 17, 2017 at 1:10 pm

    The concentration of ultrafine particles less than 50 nanometers in diameter rose by one-third in the air of São Paulo, Brazil, when higher ethanol prices induced drivers to switch from ethanol to gasoline, according to a new study. The research team also found when drivers switched back to ethanol because prices had gone down, the concentration of ultrafine particles also went down. […]

  • Water makes the proton shake
    on July 13, 2017 at 7:50 pm

    Basic processes in chemistry and biology involve protons in a water environment. Water structures accommodating protons and their motions have so far remained elusive. Applying ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy, researchers map fluctuating proton transfer motions and provide direct evidence that protons in liquid water are predominantly shared by two water molecules. Femtosecond proton elongations within a hydration site are 10 to 50 times faster than proton hopping to a new site, the elementary proton transfer step in chemistry. […]

  • New route to improving rechargeable lithium batteries?
    on July 13, 2017 at 7:48 pm

    In a study that suggests a route to improving rechargeable lithium batteries, researchers report that smooth surfaces may prevent harmful deposits from working their way into a solid electrolyte. […]

  • Mountaintop coal mining causes Appalachian rivers to run 'consistently saltier'
    on July 13, 2017 at 7:30 pm

    Over time, alkaline salts and other contaminants from the coal residue and crushed rocks in valley fills leach into nearby streams and rivers, degrading water quality and causing dramatic increases in salinity that are harmful to downstream ecosystems. […]

  • Release of treated wastewater from hydraulic fracturing contaminates lake
    on July 12, 2017 at 3:06 pm

    Hydraulic fracturing has enabled a domestic oil and gas boom in the US, but its rapid growth has raised questions about what to do with the billions of gallons of wastewater that result. Researchers now report that treating the wastewater and releasing it into surface waters has led to the contamination of a Pennsylvania watershed with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals. […]

  • Scientists design solar cell that captures nearly all energy of solar spectrum
    on July 12, 2017 at 2:05 am

    Scientists have designed and constructed a prototype for a new solar cell that integrates multiple cells stacked into a single device capable of capturing nearly all of the energy in the solar spectrum. […]

  • In the fast lane: Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
    on July 10, 2017 at 3:37 pm

    Can you imagine fully charging your cell phone in just a few seconds? Researchers can, and they took a big step toward making it a reality with their recent work unveiling of a new battery electrode design. […]

  • New way to predict when electric cars and home batteries become cost effective
    on July 10, 2017 at 3:36 pm

    The future cost of energy storage technologies can now be predicted under different scenarios, thanks to a new tool created by researchers. […]

  • Oil spill impacts in coastal wetland
    on July 10, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is still affecting wetland plants, a new study confirms. A paper explains how the presence of surface and buried crude oil under flooded and drained conditions affects the redox of wetland soils, an important control of wetland soil functions. […]

  • Sucking up spilt oil
    on July 7, 2017 at 1:53 pm

    Spilt crude oil has repeatedly polluted and even destroyed marine ecosystems. An effective measure would be to remove spilt oil slicks by absorption into a separable solid phase. As scientists now report, congelation of the oil to a rigid gel within impregnated cellulose and scooping the particles out is possible. […]