Engineering

Engineering News -- ScienceDaily Engineering News and Research. Browse a wide-range of engineering projects and techniques from leading research institutes around the world. Full-text, images, updated daily.

  • Freshwater from salt water using only solar energy
    on June 19, 2017 at 8:54 pm

    A federally funded research effort to revolutionize water treatment has yielded a direct solar desalination technology that uses energy from sunlight alone to heat salt water for membrane distillation. The technology could provide off-grid water treatment for some of the 1 billion people who lack access to clean water. […]

  • Transforming last night's leftovers into green energy
    on June 19, 2017 at 7:16 pm

    In a classic tale of turning trash into treasure, two different processes soon may be the favored dynamic duo to turn food waste into green energy, according to a study. […]

  • New technology for autonomous ship navigation systems
    on June 19, 2017 at 1:24 pm

    A safe steering for the remote-monitored and controlled autonomous ships of the future is currently under development. The new technology has been developed for navigation systems and ship autopilots, which steer ships automatically. […]

  • The future of our cities: Engineers test resilient, intelligent infrastructure
    on June 14, 2017 at 6:28 pm

    Engineers tested several advanced sensors that can collectively measure strain, temperature, movement and leakage – installed along a 40-foot section of a hazard-resilient pipeline being tested for earthquake fault-rupture performance. The results could have huge consequences for urban planners and municipal leaders. […]

  • Energy-efficient cleaning robot
    on June 14, 2017 at 1:27 pm

    State-of-the-art solar cells are efficient -- but are even more so when they are kept clean. A cleaning robot enables solar panels to deliver at full capacity. […]

  • New technology will enable properties to share solar energy
    on June 14, 2017 at 1:18 pm

    New technology will enable properties to share solar energy and will mean low energy bills for consumers. […]

  • 3-D printed tensegrity objects capable of dramatic shape change
    on June 14, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    A team of researchers has developed a way to use 3-D printers to create objects capable of expanding dramatically that could someday be used in applications ranging from space missions to biomedical devices. […]

  • When the rubber hits the road: Recycled tires create stronger concrete
    on June 13, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    Engineers have developed a more resilient type of concrete using recycled tires that could be used for concrete structures like buildings, roads, dams and bridges while reducing landfill waste. […]

  • Artificial cartilage under tension as strong as natural material
    on June 12, 2017 at 7:35 pm

    Biomedical engineers have created a lab-grown tissue similar to natural cartilage by giving it a bit of a stretch. The tissue, grown under tension but without a supporting scaffold, shows similar mechanical and biochemical properties to natural cartilage. […]

  • 3D printing breakthrough heralds 'new era' for advanced skin models
    on June 12, 2017 at 12:43 am

    A new method for 3D printing human skin has now been created, which both shortens the process and reduces the cost. […]

  • Robotic device developed to help stroke survivors recover
    on June 9, 2017 at 4:03 pm

    A new robotic tool has been developed for assessments of muscle overactivity and movement dysfunction in stroke survivors. […]

  • Smiling during victory could hurt future chances of cooperation
    on June 9, 2017 at 1:12 pm

    Researchers have studied how reacting with a smile affects game outcomes, hoping one day to empower virtual humans with this knowledge. […]

  • Simulations pinpoint atomic-level defects in solar cell nanostructures
    on June 9, 2017 at 1:12 pm

    Heterogeneous nanostructured materials are widely used in various optoelectronic devices, including solar cells. However, the nano-interfaces contain structural defects that can affect performance. Calculations have helped researchers ID the root cause of the defects in two materials and provide design rules to avoid them. […]

  • Biodegradable microbeads made from cellulose
    on June 8, 2017 at 2:24 am

    On World Ocean Day, researchers announce they have developed biodegradable cellulose microbeads from a sustainable source that could potentially replace harmful plastic ones that contribute to ocean pollution. […]

  • Scientists discover a 2-D magnet
    on June 7, 2017 at 5:32 pm

    For the first time, scientists have discovered magnetism in the 2-D world of monolayers, or materials that are formed by a single atomic layer. The findings demonstrate that magnetic properties can exist even in the 2-D realm -- opening a world of potential applications. […]

  • Turning car plastics into foams with coconut oil
    on June 7, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    End-of-life vehicles, with their plastic, metal and rubber components, are responsible for millions of tons of waste around the world each year. Now, a team reports that the plastic components in these vehicles can be recycled with coconut oil and re-used as foams for the construction, packaging and automotive industries. […]

  • Combatting weeds with lasers
    on June 7, 2017 at 1:41 pm

    A robot automatically identifies weeds in a field and combats them with a short laser pulse. Sustainable agriculture, which avoids the use of herbicides as far as possible, could benefit from this smart idea. […]

  • Oyster shells inspire new method to make superstrong, flexible polymers
    on June 7, 2017 at 12:55 pm

    Engineers have developed a method inspired by the nacre of oyster shells, a composite material with extraordinary mechanical properties, including great strength and resilience. By changing the crystallization speed of a polymer well-mixed with nanoparticles, the team controlled how the nanoparticles self-assemble into structures at three different length scales. This multiscale ordering makes the base material almost an order of magnitude stiffer while still retaining the desired deformability and lightweight behavior of the polymeric materials. […]

  • Guts to glory? Newly discovered enzyme complexes in herbivore digestive tracts show promise for...
    on June 6, 2017 at 9:03 pm

    A newly discovered enzyme complexes in herbivore digestive tracts show promise for sustainable fuels and medicines, report scientists. […]

  • Variable speed limits could reduce crashes, ease congestion in highway work zones
    on June 6, 2017 at 5:54 pm

    As the summer months approach, most people turn to thoughts of sunshine, outdoor barbecues and destination trips. Yet travelers often are greeted by detours, lane closures and delays for road repairs that generally are reserved for warmer weather. Researchers have studied systems to alleviate inevitable backups and delays. Researchers found that using variable speed limits in construction zones may ease congestion, reduce crashes and make work zones safer for both workers and travelers nationally. […]

  • Engineer unveils new spin on future of transistors with novel design
    on June 6, 2017 at 4:34 pm

    A researcher has designed a novel computing system made solely from carbon that might one day replace the silicon transistors that power today’s electronic devices. […]

  • Engineer unveils new spin on future of transistors with novel design
    on June 5, 2017 at 4:13 pm

    An engineer has designed a novel computing system made solely from carbon that might one day replace the silicon transistors that power today's electronic devices. […]

  • Meet the most nimble-fingered robot ever built
    on June 1, 2017 at 11:27 pm

    Roboticists have a built a robot that can pick up and move unfamiliar, real-world objects with a 99 percent success rate. […]

  • Wearable system helps visually impaired users navigate
    on May 31, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    A new system has been developed that uses a 3-D camera, a belt with separately controllable vibrational motors distributed around it, and an electronically reconfigurable Braille interface to give visually impaired users more information about their environments. […]

  • Drone vs. truck deliveries: Which creates less carbon pollution?
    on May 30, 2017 at 7:43 pm

    A new study finds that drone deliveries emit less climate-warming carbon dioxide pollution than truck deliveries in some -- but not all -- scenarios. […]

  • A more energy-efficient catalytic process to produce olefins
    on May 30, 2017 at 6:07 pm

    Research into a more energy-efficient catalytic process to produce olefins, the building blocks for polymer production, could influence potential applications in diverse technology areas from green energy and sustainable chemistry to materials engineering and catalysis. […]

  • Interactive tool helps novices and experts make custom robots
    on May 30, 2017 at 3:50 pm

    A new interactive design tool enables both novices and experts to build customized legged or wheeled robots using 3-D-printed components and off-the-shelf actuators. […]

  • Squeezing every drop of fresh water from waste brine
    on May 29, 2017 at 5:36 pm

    A new way to recover almost 100 percent of the water from highly concentrated salt solutions has now been developed by researchers. The system will alleviate water shortages in arid regions and reduce concerns surrounding high salinity brine disposal, such as hydraulic fracturing waste. […]

  • Conch shells may inspire better helmets, body armor
    on May 26, 2017 at 6:37 pm

    Engineers have uncovered the secret to the exceptional toughness of conch shells, and say the same principles can be used for body armor and helmets. […]

  • 'Drastically' higher resolution to your TV and smartphone
    on May 25, 2017 at 6:58 pm

    By developing a way to tune the color of individual pixels, researchers have eliminated the need for subpixels -- allowing a greater density of pixels and much higher resolution for video displays. […]