Engineering

Engineering News -- ScienceDaily Engineering News and Research. Browse a wide-range of engineering projects and techniques from leading research institutes around the world. Full-text, images, updated daily.

  • New insights into underwater adhesives
    on January 16, 2018 at 5:38 pm

    An international team of researchers has succeeded in developing a new type of underwater adhesives that are tougher than the natural biological counterpart. […]

  • New dynamic statistical model follows gene expressions over time
    on January 15, 2018 at 8:45 pm

    A new model now gives researchers a tool that extends past observing static networks at a single snapshot in time, which is hugely beneficial since network data are usually dynamic. […]

  • New method to detect illicit drone filming developed
    on January 15, 2018 at 5:05 pm

    A new technique to detect a drone camera illicitly capturing video is revealed in a new study by cyber security researchers in Israel. The study addresses increasing concerns about the proliferation of drone use for personal and business applications and how it is impinging on privacy and safety. […]

  • Fast-tracking T-cell therapies with immune-mimicking biomaterials
    on January 15, 2018 at 5:05 pm

    Researchers have developed a material-based T-cell-expansion method using APC-mimetic biomaterial scaffolds, which helps achieve greater expansion of primary mouse and human T cells than existing methods. […]

  • Stingray soft robot could lead to bio-inspired robotics
    on January 13, 2018 at 2:23 pm

    Bioengineers have developed a tissue-based soft robot that mimics the biomechanics of a stingray. The new technology could lead to advances in bio-inspired robotics, regenerative medicine and medical diagnostics. […]

  • Novel real-time undersea wireless communications and surveillance technology
    on January 11, 2018 at 9:31 pm

    Researchers will design, deploy and evaluate a first-of-its-kind software-defined testbed for real-time undersea wireless communications (data, voice, and video streaming) and surveillance. […]

  • Heart-muscle patches made with human cells improve heart attack recovery
    on January 10, 2018 at 9:35 pm

    Large, human cardiac-muscle patches created in the lab have been tested, for the first time, on large animals in a heart attack model. This clinically relevant approach showed that the patches significantly improved recovery from heart attack injury. The results are a step closer to the goal of treating human heart attacks by suturing cardiac-muscle patches over an area of dead heart muscle in order to reduce the pathology that often leads to heart failure. […]

  • Robotic weeders: To a farm near you?
    on January 10, 2018 at 1:01 pm

    The future of weeding is here, and it comes in the form of a robot. Specialty crops such as lettuce, broccoli, tomatoes, and onions may be the first to benefit. […]

  • One-step production of aromatic polyesters by E. coli strains
    on January 9, 2018 at 3:47 pm

    Systems metabolic engineers defined a novel strategy for microbial aromatic polyesters production fused with synthetic biology from renewable biomass. The team produced aromatic polyesters from Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains by applying microbial fermentation, employing direct microbial fermentation from renewable feedstock carbohydrates. […]

  • Water-based, eco-friendly and energy-saving air-conditioner
    on January 8, 2018 at 6:32 pm

    A team of researchers has pioneered a new water-based air-conditioning system that cools air to as low as 18 degrees Celsius without the use of energy-intensive compressors and environmentally harmful chemical refrigerants. […]

  • Batman's Gotham City provides test case for community resilience model
    on January 5, 2018 at 6:52 pm

    If a community is resilient, it can withstand and recover from an unanticipated disaster, like an earthquake, fire or flood. But since every disaster and every community is unique, a uniform measure for defining 'resilience' has been hard to come by for engineers and social scientists. A new study offers an innovative approach to defining resilience that could help communities better prepare for hazards. […]

  • One-step catalyst turns nitrates into water and air
    on January 4, 2018 at 9:08 pm

    Engineers have found a catalyst the cleans toxic nitrates from drinking water by converting them into air and water. […]

  • Soft, self-healing devices mimic biological muscles
    on January 4, 2018 at 8:35 pm

    A new class of soft, electrically activated devices is capable of mimicking the expansion and contraction of natural muscles. These devices, which can be constructed from a wide range of low-cost materials, are able to self-sense their movements and self-heal from electrical damage, representing a major advance in soft robotics. […]

  • 'Will I look dumb?' Human-like virtual assistants can deter help-seeking
    on January 4, 2018 at 8:34 pm

    Virtual assistants have become increasingly sophisticated -- and more human-like -- since the days when Clippy asked if you needed help with your document. These assistants are intended to make programs and apps easier to use, but research suggests that human-like virtual assistants may actually deter some people from seeking help on tasks that are supposed to measure achievement.&nbs […]

  • Optical efficiency in nanophotonic devices
    on January 4, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    Nanophotonic devices have direct applications for use in ultra-high resolution microscopes, solar energy harvesting, optical computing and targeted medical therapies. […]

  • Engineers make wearable sensors for plants, enabling measurements of water use in crops
    on January 4, 2018 at 12:46 am

    Scientists are developing graphene-based, sensors-on-tape that can be attached to plants and can provide data to researchers and farmers about water use in crops. The technology could have many other applications, including sensors for biomedical diagnostics, for checking the structural integrity of buildings, for monitoring the environment and, with modifications, for testing crops for diseases or pesticides. […]

  • Physicists build muscle for shape-changing, cell-sized robots
    on January 3, 2018 at 9:01 pm

    Robotics experts have made a robot exoskeleton that can rapidly change its shape upon sensing chemical or thermal changes in its environment. And, they claim, these microscale machines -- equipped with electronic, photonic and chemical payloads -- could become a powerful platform for robotics at the size scale of biological microorganisms. […]

  • Scientists design bacteria to reflect 'sonar' signals for ultrasound imaging
    on January 3, 2018 at 6:27 pm

    Scientists have designed bacteria to reflect sound waves like submarines. The technology could eventually allow doctors to image therapeutic bacteria in the body using ultrasound. […]

  • Laser evaporation technology to create new solar materials
    on January 3, 2018 at 3:11 pm

    Researchers use lasers to blast solutions containing delicate organic compounds to grow new types of crystals for solar cells, light-emitting diodes and photodetectors. […]

  • New desalination method offers low energy alternative to purify salty water
    on January 2, 2018 at 10:11 pm

    Providing safer drinking water to those in need may be a little easier. A new desalination technique is able to remove salt from water using less energy than previous methods. […]

  • Virtual twin in ten minutes
    on January 2, 2018 at 3:38 pm

    Avatars -- virtual persons: A new system makes it possible to practice and improve motion sequences by providing individualized feedback in real time. The system is embodied by a virtual person acting as a coach. In addition, users see themselves as avatars -- virtual copies of themselves in the mirror of the virtual room. The creation of such personalized avatars used to take several days, but researchers have now developed an accelerated process. […]

  • Single metalens focuses all colors of the rainbow in one point
    on January 1, 2018 at 7:47 pm

    Metalenses -- flat surfaces that use nanostructures to focus light -- promise to revolutionize optics by replacing the bulky, curved lenses currently used in optical devices with a simple, flat surface. But, these metalenses have remained limited in the spectrum of light they can focus well. Now a team of researchers has developed the first single lens that can focus the entire visible spectrum of light -- including white light -- in the same spot and in high resolution. […]

  • Engineers hack cell biology to create 3-D shapes from living tissue
    on December 28, 2017 at 6:20 pm

    Many of the complex folded shapes that form mammalian tissues can be explained with very simple instructions, bioengineers report. By patterning mechanically active mouse or human cells to thin layers of extracellular fibers, the researchers could create bowls, coils, and ripples out of living tissue. The cells collaborated mechanically through a web of these fibers to fold themselves up in predictable ways, mimicking natural developmental stages. […]

  • Low-altitude skiing can slow down aging -- relativistically
    on December 27, 2017 at 8:04 pm

    A doctor could tell you that skiing and running will most likely slow down aging. But how could mathematicians and physicists give their scientific support to this point of view? […]

  • Quantum noise reduction method for enhanced precision in atomic clocks
    on December 22, 2017 at 4:14 pm

    Finding ways to reduce quantum noise can enhance the precision of measurement in atomic fountain clocks or in methods used for quantum information processing. Physicists are now investigating ways of improving the analysis of quantum noise measurement in the case of spectroscopic investigations. […]

  • Tiny Australian rainbow peacock spiders may inspire new optical technologies
    on December 22, 2017 at 2:25 pm

    Even if you are arachnophobic, you probably have seen pictures or videos of Australian peacock spiders (Maratus spp.). These tiny spiders are only 1-5 mm long but are famous for their flamboyant courtship displays featuring diverse and intricate body colorations, patterns, and movements. […]

  • Team maps magnetic fields of bacterial cells, nano-objects for the first time
    on December 22, 2017 at 2:03 pm

    For the first time, researchers have noted that the magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic nano-objects in liquid can be studied at high resolution using electron microscopy. […]

  • Robot drummer posts pictures of jamming sessions on Facebook
    on December 20, 2017 at 5:20 pm

    Scientists have developed a drumming robot that plays along with human keyboard players and posts pictures of the sessions on Facebook. […]

  • New molecular printing technology could recreate complex chemical environments that resemble the...
    on December 19, 2017 at 2:34 pm

    New patterning technology which could open opportunities to recreate complex biological environments has been developed. […]

  • Scientists make research 'jelly' grow more like biological tissues
    on December 19, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    Scientists have found a way to direct the growth of hydrogel, a jelly-like substance, to mimic plant or animal tissue structure and shapes. The team's findings suggest new applications in areas such as tissue engineering and soft robotics where hydrogel is commonly used. […]