Engineering

Engineering News -- ScienceDaily Engineering News and Research. Browse a wide-range of engineering projects and techniques from leading research institutes around the world. Full-text, images, updated daily.

  • AI implications: Engineer's model lays groundwork for machine-learning device
    on August 17, 2017 at 8:20 pm

    In what could be a small step for science potentially leading to a breakthrough, an engineer has taken steps toward using nanocrystal networks for artificial intelligence applications. […]

  • Discovery could lead to new catalyst design to reduce nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust
    on August 17, 2017 at 6:17 pm

    Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust. […]

  • Dissolvable, easy-to-use milk capsules for your coffee
    on August 17, 2017 at 1:28 pm

    Have your coffee without spilling the milk: researchers have developed a milk capsule that dissolves when placed in a hot drink. Not only does this reduce the consumption of packaging material, the capsules are easier to use than conventional plastic containers. […]

  • Looking to the future of bone replacements
    on August 17, 2017 at 1:27 pm

    A new artificial bone design has been developed that can be customized and made with a 3-D printer for stronger, safer and more effective bone replacements, explains a new report. […]

  • Tough, self-healing rubber developed
    on August 16, 2017 at 4:23 pm

    Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped. Researchers have developed a new type of rubber that is as tough as natural rubber but can also self-heal. […]

  • Print no evil: Three-layer technique helps secure additive manufacturing
    on August 16, 2017 at 12:49 pm

    Researchers have developed a three-layer system to verify that components produced using additive manufacturing have not been compromised by malicious activity or quality issues. […]

  • High-quality online video with less rebuffering
    on August 15, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    In experiments, Pensieve could stream video with 10 to 30 percent less rebuffering than other approaches, and at levels that users rated 10 to 25 percent higher on key 'quality of experience' metrics. […]

  • Smarter robot vacuum cleaners for automated office cleaning
    on August 15, 2017 at 1:58 pm

    Can you really use Outlook to make sure your office floor gets vacuumed? Absolutely! Engineers are developing an intelligent cleaning concept for smart offices. A robot vacuum cleaner automatically takes care of upcoming cleaning jobs that have been scheduled in Outlook. […]

  • Engineers charge ahead on zinc-air batteries
    on August 15, 2017 at 1:51 pm

    Researchers have found a solution for one of the biggest stumbling blocks preventing zinc-air batteries from overtaking conventional lithium-ion batteries as the power source of choice in electronic devices. […]

  • New class of chemical reaction discovered
    on August 14, 2017 at 4:09 pm

    A new study has identified the significance of a new class of chemical reactions -- previously ignored -- involving three molecules that each participate in the breaking and forming of chemical bonds. […]

  • New ultrathin semiconductor materials exceed some of silicon's 'secret' powers
    on August 11, 2017 at 6:11 pm

    Chip makers appreciate what most consumers never knew: silicon's virtues include the fact that it 'rusts' in a way that insulates its tiny circuitry. Two new ultrathin materials share that trait and outdo silicon in other ways that make them promising materials for electronics of the future. […]

  • Plastic films incorporating N-halamines could sanitize food production facilities
    on August 11, 2017 at 5:49 pm

    Specially designed plastic films can prevent bacterial contamination in the food and biomedical industries, according to new research. […]

  • New handheld spectral analyzer uses power of smartphone to detect disease
    on August 10, 2017 at 9:33 pm

    Researchers have developed technology that enables a smartphone to perform lab-grade medical diagnostic tests that typically require large, expensive instruments. […]

  • Innovative way to understand nature of an entire tiny particle
    on August 10, 2017 at 4:04 pm

    New research has led to the development of a novel technique to determine the surface area and volume of small particles, the size of a grain of sand or smaller. Due to their tiny size, irregular shape and limited viewing angle, commonly used microscopic imaging techniques cannot always capture the whole object's shape often leaving out valuable information that can be important in numerous areas of science, engineering and medicine. […]

  • Researchers 'count cars' -- literally -- to find a better way to control heavy traffic
    on August 9, 2017 at 6:01 pm

    There's 'Counting Crows,' counting sheep, counting blessings and now researchers have their own version of 'counting cars' -- literally -- in an attempt to improve traffic flow on South Florida's and our nation's overcrowded roads. And with more than 263 million registered passenger vehicles in the United States and more than 14 million registered vehicles in Florida alone, this is no small feat. […]

  • When robots help with shopping
    on August 9, 2017 at 11:37 am

    Today, the desired book, toy or household appliance can be purchased by a click only -- thanks to online mail order business and smart logistics. The bottleneck in logistics, however, is the high-bay store, where many picking and detection processes cannot yet be executed automatically by robots. At the Amazon Robotics Challenge in Nagoya, Japan, a team has demonstrated how future warehousing may work. […]

  • Machine learning could be key to producing stronger, less corrosive metals
    on August 8, 2017 at 6:55 pm

    Researchers have studied grain boundaries for decades and gained some insight into the types of properties grain boundaries produce, but no one has been able to nail down a universal system to predict if a certain configuration of atoms at grain boundaries will make a material stronger or more pliable. An interdisciplinary team of researchers have cracked the code by juicing a computer with an algorithm that allows it to learn the elusive 'why' behind the boundaries' qualities. […]

  • Breakthrough device heals organs with a single touch
    on August 7, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    Researchers have developed a device that can switch cell function to rescue failing body functions with a single touch. The technology, known as Tissue Nanotransfection (TNT), injects genetic code into skin cells, turning those skin cells into other types of cells required for treating diseased conditions. […]

  • How to pave over our big (cigarette) butt problem
    on August 6, 2017 at 10:56 pm

    Cigarette butts are toxic for the environment. Encapsulating them into asphalt traps the chemicals in the filters and improves the performance of the construction material. […]

  • Software lets designers exploit the extremely high resolution of 3-D printers
    on August 4, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    Today's 3-D printers have a resolution of 600 dots per inch, which means that they could pack a billion tiny cubes of different materials into a volume that measures just 1.67 cubic inches. Such precise control of printed objects' microstructure gives designers commensurate control of the objects' physical properties. But evaluating the physical effects of every possible combination of even just two materials, for an object consisting of tens of billions of cubes, would be prohibitively time consuming. A new software lets designers exploit this issue of extremely high resolution. […]

  • Low-power cold-atom source developed for atomic clocks, physics experiments
    on August 3, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    A reversible alkali atom source has been developed that runs at low power and low voltage, which is beneficial in applications such as smaller, more efficient, and ultimately portable atomic clocks that use cold atoms. […]

  • Heat-conducting plastic could lead to lighter electronics, cars
    on August 2, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    Advanced plastics could usher in lighter, cheaper, more energy-efficient product components, including those used in vehicles, LEDs and computers -- if only they were better at dissipating heat. […]

  • Getting therapeutic sound waves through thick skulls
    on August 2, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    Ultrasound brain surgery has enormous potential for the treatment of neurological diseases and cancers, but getting sound waves through the skull and into the brain is no easy task. To address this problem, a team of researchers has now developed a ceramic skull implant through which doctors can deliver ultrasound treatments on demand and on a recurring basis. […]

  • Cicada wings may inspire new surface technologies
    on August 2, 2017 at 4:06 pm

    Researchers are looking to insects -- specifically cicadas -- for insight into the design of artificial surfaces with de-icing, self-cleaning and anti-fogging abilities. […]

  • Engineers harness the power of 3-D printing to help train surgeons, shorten surgery times
    on August 2, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    A team of engineers and pediatric orthopedic surgeons is using 3-D printing to help train surgeons and shorten surgeries for the most common hip disorder found in children ages 9 to 16. In a recent study, researchers showed that allowing surgeons to prep on a 3-D-printed model of the patient's hip joint cut by about 25 percent the amount of time needed for surgery when compared to a control group. […]

  • Smaller, smarter, softer robotic arm for endoscopic surgery
    on August 2, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    Researchers have developed a hybrid rigid-soft robotic arm for endoscopes with integrated sensing, flexibility, and multiple degrees of freedom. This arm -- built using a manufacturing paradigm based on pop-up fabrication and soft lithography -- lies flat on an endoscope until it arrives at the desired spot, then pops up to assist in surgical procedures. […]

  • Automated painting of individual pieces
    on August 2, 2017 at 12:33 pm

    Reductions of 20 percent in paint use, 15 percent in energy consumption and 5 percent in production time – the SelfPaint automated painting system offers significant advantages compared to manual painting operations, which have previously been the preferred option. SelfPaint’s biggest advantage could well be that it is also suitable for painting individual pieces, known in industry as batch size 1. […]

  • Magnetized viruses attack harmful bacteria
    on August 1, 2017 at 7:43 pm

    Antibacterial phages combined with magnetic nanoparticle clusters effectively kill infectious bacteria found in water treatment systems. A weak magnetic field draws the clusters into biofilms that protect the bacteria and break them up so the phages can reach them. […]

  • Technique enables printable and rewritable color images
    on August 1, 2017 at 6:42 pm

    A chemical process that allows color images to be printed on specially coated paper and then erased so that different images can be printed on the same paper has been developed. […]

  • Nanoparticles for 3-D printing in water open door to advanced biomedical materials
    on August 1, 2017 at 2:17 pm

    A new type of photoinitiator for 3-D printing in water could further the development of biomedical accessories, bring advances in traditional industries such as plastics, and offer an environmentally friendly approach to additive manufacturing. […]