Extinction

Extinction News -- ScienceDaily Extinction of animals and plants. Read scientific research on the dinosaur extinction, future mass extinctions, and endangered species. What can be done?

  • Artificial orchid cultivation kit
    on September 22, 2017 at 1:09 pm

    Orchids are loved by gardeners around the world but are notoriously difficult to cultivate. Researchers have developed a new orchid cultivation kit and have succeeded in complete artificial cultivation of an autonomous orchid. Since this kit can be made cheaply, it can broaden the opportunities for orchid cultivation in general households. It is also expected to be useful in preserving the genetic diversity of orchidaceous plants, many of which are in danger of extinction. […]

  • Dino-killing asteroid's impact on bird evolution
    on September 21, 2017 at 4:11 pm

    Human activities could change the pace of evolution, similar to what occurred 66 million years ago when a giant asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs, leaving modern birds as their only descendants. […]

  • New hermit crab uses live coral as its home
    on September 21, 2017 at 2:42 pm

    A new hermit crab species can live in a walking coral's cavity in a reciprocal relationship, replacing the usual marine worm partner, according to a new study. […]

  • Efforts to save sea turtles are a 'global conservation success story'
    on September 20, 2017 at 10:21 pm

    A new study of the world's seven sea turtle species provides evidence that their numbers are growing overall (unlike many endangered vertebrates), thanks to years of conservation efforts that have played a key role in sea turtle recovery -- even for small sea turtle populations. […]

  • Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
    on September 20, 2017 at 10:21 pm

    Scientists have analyzed significant changes in the carbon cycle over the last 540 million years, including the five mass extinction events. They have identified 'thresholds of catastrophe' in the carbon cycle that, if exceeded, would lead to an unstable environment, and ultimately, mass extinction. […]

  • Bite force research reveals dinosaur-eating frog
    on September 20, 2017 at 5:17 pm

    Scientists say that a large, now extinct, frog called Beelzebufo that lived about 68 million years ago in Madagascar would have been capable of eating small dinosaurs. The conclusion comes from a study of the bite force of South American horned frogs from the living genus Ceratophrys, known as Pacman frogs for their characteristic round shape and large mouth, similar to the video game character Pac-Man. […]

  • Emerging disease further jeopardizes North American frogs
    on September 19, 2017 at 8:02 pm

    A deadly amphibian disease called severe Perkinsea infections, or SPI, is the cause of many large-scale frog die-offs in the United States, according to a new study. […]

  • When it comes to the threat of extinction, size matters
    on September 18, 2017 at 5:27 pm

    Animals in the Goldilocks zone -- neither too big, nor too small, but just the right size -- face a lower risk of extinction than do those on both ends of the scale, according to an extensive global analysis. […]

  • Six new sponge species and new symbiotic associations from the Indonesian coral triangle
    on September 18, 2017 at 3:18 pm

    The Indonesian coral reefs, located in the so-called coral triangle, are considered amongst the richest and most biodiverse places on Earth. Surprisingly, this impressive species diversity is still poorly known. Biologists now report the presence of 94 species of sponges, including six new to science and two new symbiotic sponge associations. […]

  • Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
    on September 15, 2017 at 2:35 pm

    With the help of an artist, a geology professor has figuratively speaking breathed life into one of science's most well-known fossil species; Agnostus pisiformis. The trilobite-like arthropod lived in huge numbers in Scandinavia a half-billion years ago. Today, this extinct species provides important clues for science in several ways. […]

  • Light at the end of the tunnel: Restored forest now shelters dozens of endangered species
    on September 14, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    A twenty-year effort to protect and manage tiny remnants of a dilapidated forest in Benin, along with its agricultural and fallow vegetation surroundings, resulted in 14 ha of rich secondary forest, which corresponds to the size of nearly 20 sacred groves. This sanctuary now protects the critically endangered red-bellied monkey together with 52 endangered plant species. […]

  • Threatened Alabama snail renamed after a case of mistaken identity
    on September 14, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    Confusion surrounding the identity of the Painted Rocksnail, a species listed as federally threatened, has been cleared up after over 100 years of mistaken identity. Researchers determined that reports of the Painted Rocksnail outside the Coosa River system in Alabama were misidentifications. They found that the species is rarer and more restricted than previously thought. […]

  • Once-abundant ash tree and antelope species face extinction
    on September 14, 2017 at 12:40 pm

    North America's most widespread and valuable ash tree species are on the brink of extinction due to an invasive beetle decimating their populations, while the loss of wilderness areas and poaching are contributing to the declining numbers of five African antelope species, according to the latest update of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Today's IUCN Red List update also reveals a dramatic decline of grasshoppers and millipedes endemic to Madagascar, and the extinction of the Christmas Island Pipistrelle bat. […]

  • Evolution of 'true frogs' defies long-held expectations of science
    on September 13, 2017 at 11:31 pm

    New research shows, in contrast to expectations, 'the rapid global range expansion of true frogs was not associated with increased net-diversification.' […]

  • Farming fish: Marine biologists identify movement patterns of a parrotfish species that...
    on September 12, 2017 at 7:48 pm

    Steephead parrotfish (Chlorurus microrhinos) are picky eaters. In the central Pacific, however, they appear to have taken matters into their own hands -- er, fins. […]

  • Coffee and bees: New model of climate change effects
    on September 12, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    Areas in Latin America suitable for growing coffee face predicted declines of 73-88 percent by 2050. But bee species diversity may save the day, even if many species in cool highland regions are lost as the climate warms. […]

  • Biding time could improve conservation outcomes
    on September 12, 2017 at 1:31 pm

    Strategic delays in conservation efforts could be the key to protecting more species according to researchers. The new study found instead of spending project funds immediately, conservation organizations could use the right amount of delay to improve the benefits achieved from their funding by focusing first on investment, capacity building, or monitoring and research. […]

  • 'Keep it local' approach more effective than government schemes at protecting rainforest
    on September 12, 2017 at 1:31 pm

    Conservation initiatives led by local and indigenous groups can be just as effective as schemes led by government, according to new research. In some cases in the Amazon rainforest, grassroots initiatives can be even more effective at protecting this vital ecosystem. […]

  • Fathers can influence the sex of their offspring, scientists show
    on September 11, 2017 at 4:26 pm

    It has traditionally been thought that in mammals only mothers are able to influence the sex of their offspring. But a new study in wild mice has shown that fathers can, in fact, influence sex ratios. […]

  • Eighteenth century nautical charts reveal coral loss
    on September 7, 2017 at 6:27 pm

    Centuries-old nautical charts, mapped by long-deceased sailors to avoid shipwrecks, have been used by modern scientists to study loss of coral reefs. A new study compared early British charts to modern coral habitat maps to understand changes to reef environments. […]

  • Hidden Inca treasure: Remarkable new tree genus discovered in the Andes
    on September 7, 2017 at 2:24 pm

    Hidden in plain sight -- that's how researchers describe their discovery of a new genus of large forest tree commonly found, yet previously scientifically unknown, in the tropical Andes. […]

  • Research dog helps scientists save endangered carnivores
    on September 6, 2017 at 2:35 pm

    Scat-sniffing research dogs are helping scientists map out a plan to save reclusive jaguars, pumas, bush dogs and other endangered carnivores in the increasingly fragmented forests of northeastern Argentina, according to a new study. […]

  • Genome of threatened northern spotted owl assembed
    on September 5, 2017 at 3:14 pm

    A charismatic owl iconic to Pacific Coast forests is no longer ruling the roost, and scientists now have another tool for understanding its decline. Researchers have assembled the California Academy of Sciences' first-ever animal genome after sequencing the DNA of the northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina). Academy scientists and collaborators extensively mapped the bird's genetic material to better understand how this threatened forest dweller is interacting with non-native owls invading its habitat. […]

  • 'Bee' informed: Public interest exceeds understanding in bee conservation
    on September 5, 2017 at 2:44 pm

    Many people have heard bee populations are declining due to such threats as colony collapse disorder, pesticides and habitat loss. And many understand bees are critical to plant pollination. Yet, according to a study, few are aware of the wide diversity of bees and other pollinators beyond such species as honeybees. Because conservation efforts require substantial public support, outreach is needed to help people understand bee declines and how to protect pollinators. […]

  • Diverse landscapes are more productive and adapt better to climate change
    on September 4, 2017 at 8:56 pm

    Ecosystems with high biodiversity are more productive and stable towards annual fluctuations in environmental conditions than those with a low diversity of species. They also adapt better to climate-driven environmental changes. These are the key findings environmental scientists made in a study of about 450 landscapes harboring 2,200 plants and animal species. […]

  • More 'losers' than 'winners' predicted for Southern Ocean seafloor animals
    on September 4, 2017 at 4:04 pm

    A new study of the marine invertebrates living in the seas around Antarctica reveals there will be more 'losers' than 'winners' over the next century as the Antarctic seafloor warms. […]

  • Can corals survive climate change?
    on September 1, 2017 at 1:39 pm

    Scientists have issued advice that more research is urgently required to determine whether corals can acclimate and adapt to the rapid pace of climate change. […]

  • Paleontologist aids in new discovery 33 years after finding fossil
    on August 31, 2017 at 10:05 pm

    The fossilized plesiosaur Sankar Chatterjee found in 1984 is giving scientists a new understanding of convergent evolution between reptiles and mammals. […]

  • Fungal infections reduce frogs’ tolerance of heat
    on August 31, 2017 at 10:05 pm

    Fungal diseases are increasing in animals, which might have serious consequences for wildlife living in a hotter world, said a scientist. A new study shows that fungal infections reduced the heat tolerance of frogs by up to 4 degrees Celsius. […]

  • Nature gem within the city: What grows in the biodiversity-rich Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve
    on August 31, 2017 at 6:05 pm

    Being the oldest of its kind in Malaysia, Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve is a nature enclave, lying in the center of the busy capital city Kuala Lumpur. Researchers have now teamed up to publish an extensive checklist of the flora of this urban nature enclave, while making use of the innovative 'ecosystem inventory' template. […]