Fungus

Fungus News -- ScienceDaily All about the fungus kingdom. From beneficial soil fungus to fungal infections, read the current research news on fungus here.

  • Just one more ash dieback spore could push European ash trees to the brink
    on April 23, 2018 at 4:50 pm

    Europe's ash dieback epidemic could well have been caused by just one or two mushroom-like fruiting bodies of a fungal pathogen from Asia, according to a comprehensive genome sequencing effort. This leaves even the most resistant ash trees at threat from the introduction of just one more spore from East Asia. […]

  • Why freeloader baby-eating ants are welcomed to the colony
    on April 23, 2018 at 12:54 pm

    It might seem surprising that a colony of ants would tolerate the type of guests that gobble both their grub and their babies. But new research shows there's likely a useful tradeoff to calmly accepting these parasite ants into the fold: They have weaponry that's effective against their host ants and a more menacing intruder ant. […]

  • Large Candida auris outbreak linked to multi-use thermometers in UK ICU
    on April 21, 2018 at 12:57 pm

    Outbreaks of the fungal pathogen Candida auris in healthcare settings, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs), may be linked to multi-use patient equipment, such as thermometers, according to new research. […]

  • Fungus: The good, the bad and their fortuitous differences
    on April 20, 2018 at 9:06 pm

    Genetic differences between two very similar fungi, one that led to Quorn™, the proprietary meat substitute, and another that ranks among the world's most damaging crop pathogens, have exposed the significant features that dictate the pair's very different lifestyles, features that promise targets for controlling disease. […]

  • Root exudates affect soil stability, water repellency
    on April 18, 2018 at 1:20 pm

    We might think of roots as necessary, but uninteresting, parts of the crop production process. New research, however, focuses on what's going on in the soil with the plant's roots and the chemicals they produce. […]

  • Declining central American frog species are bouncing back
    on April 11, 2018 at 3:41 pm

    For more than 40 years, frog populations around the world have been declining. Now, a new study reports that some Central American frog species are recovering, perhaps because they have better defenses against a deadly fungal pathogen. […]

  • Researchers explore little-known, deadly fungal infections
    on April 10, 2018 at 12:42 pm

    A new study sheds light on little-known fungal infections caused by the fungus Cryptococcus. There are currently no vaccines available for any fungal infection, which can be extremely deadly to patients under treatment for diseases like HIV, AIDS and cancer. […]

  • Substance that guides ant trail is produced by symbiotic bacteria
    on April 9, 2018 at 10:53 pm

    A research with ant from genus Atta reveals that a bacteria in their microbiota plays a key role in communication among individuals and also on the colony's defense against pathogens. A group of scientists also showed how a type of fungus participates on stingless bees' development cycle. […]

  • Why some beetles like alcohol
    on April 9, 2018 at 10:53 pm

    Alcohol used as a 'weed killer' optimizes the harvest of ambrosia beetles. […]

  • Species hitch a ride on birds and the wind to join green roof communities
    on April 6, 2018 at 3:22 pm

    New research suggests that species that live on green roofs arrived by hitching lifts on birds or by riding air currents. […]

  • Microscopic revelations point to new blood infection therapies
    on April 4, 2018 at 6:34 pm

    Researchers have observed -- live and in real-time -- how the human body responds to often lethal fungal blood infections in the lung. In the study, the fungal infection Candida albicans was introduced to mice or human models of the lung vasculature and as blood was pumped over that system, researchers recorded what happened using highly sophisticated microscopes. […]

  • First land plants were parasitized by microbes
    on April 4, 2018 at 3:47 pm

    Sainsbury Laboratory researchers have found that the relationship between plants and filamentous microbes not only dates back millions of years, but that modern plants have maintained this ancient mechanism to accommodate and respond to microbial invaders. […]

  • What stops mass extinctions? Lessons from amphibian die-off in Panama
    on March 29, 2018 at 6:10 pm

    What slows or stops a disease epidemic if the pathogen is still present? It appears that wild frogs are becoming increasingly resistant to the chytrid fungal disease that has decimated amphibian populations around the world. […]

  • Fungi found in the guts of healthy adults just travel through
    on March 28, 2018 at 5:07 pm

    Fungi found in the gastrointestinal tracts of healthy adults are largely transient and stem from the mouth or foods recently consumed, according to new research. […]

  • Plants, fungi and bacteria work together to clean polluted land
    on March 28, 2018 at 4:01 pm

    Highly complex interactions among roots, fungi and bacteria underlie the ability of some trees to clean polluted land, according to a novel study by bioinformatics and plant-biology experts. […]

  • New findings on antimicrobial drug synergy
    on March 27, 2018 at 8:25 pm

    New data could change how future antimicrobial drug combinations are discovered and developed. […]

  • Breakthrough in battle against rice blast
    on March 26, 2018 at 1:03 pm

    Scientists have found a way to stop the spread of rice blast, a fungus that destroys up to 30% of the world's rice crop each year. […]

  • Freeloading orchid relies on mushrooms above and below ground
    on March 22, 2018 at 3:27 pm

    The orchid species Gastrodia pubilabiata mimics rotting mushrooms or fermented fruit, and is pollinated by fruit flies who mistakenly lay their eggs in its flowers. If there are rotting mushrooms near the orchid, its pollination rate increases. As well as using mushrooms to attract insect pollinators, G. pubilabiata survives by absorbing nutrients from the fungal hyphae of mushrooms. This is the first time a plant has been discovered to depend on mushrooms both above and below ground. […]

  • Insects could help us find new yeasts for big business
    on March 21, 2018 at 4:15 pm

    Yeasts are tiny fungi -- but they play key roles in producing everything from beer and cheese to industrial chemicals and biofuels. And now scientists are proposing a new approach that could help these industries find new yeasts for use in their manufacturing processes. […]

  • Soil fungi may help determine the resilience of forests to environmental change
    on March 16, 2018 at 7:38 pm

    A major new study reveals that soil fungi could play a significant role in the ability of forests to adapt to environmental change. […]

  • How fungi grow: A movie from inside the cell
    on March 15, 2018 at 1:18 pm

    Fungi forming mold on food are hazardous. Fungi supplying antibiotics are beneficial. Fungi may be harmful pathogens. On the other hand, they are used for the production of food or medicine and in bioengineering. In either case, it is required to precisely understand their growth mechanism. Researchers have now taken a big step forward: Using high-performance light microscopy, they watched mold fungi as they grew in the cell. […]

  • Infected 'zombie ants' face no discrimination from nest mates
    on March 13, 2018 at 5:06 pm

    Carpenter ants infected with a specialized parasitic fungus are not subjected to aggression or isolation from their nest mates, and they continue to share in the colony's food resources until they leave the nest for the last time to die, according to a new study. […]

  • The Alps are home to more than 3,000 lichens
    on March 12, 2018 at 5:30 pm

    Widely used as biomonitors of air quality, forest health and climate change, lichens play a vital role. However, no overview of their diversity across the emblematic Alps had been provided up until recently, when an international team of lichenologists concluded their 15-year study. Their annotated checklist includes more than 3,000 lichens and presents a long-missed benchmark for scientists studying mountain systems around the globe. […]

  • Early warning system for deadly amphibian pathogen
    on March 12, 2018 at 2:40 pm

    Environmental DNA is a new technology that detects telltale bits of genetic material that living creatures shed into their environment. Scientists demonstrate for the first time that it can be used to detect the presence of a deadly pathogen before it wipes out populations of amphibians. […]

  • Plant-derived volatiles may serve as future antifungals
    on March 9, 2018 at 2:54 pm

    A research team has developed a novel screening method to identify antimicrobial properties of volatile substances. With this assay, they tested the vapour-phase-mediated activity of 175 essential oils (EOs) and 37 EO components. Approximately half of them proved active against the most drug-resistant type of Candida. […]

  • Why rare plants are rare
    on March 7, 2018 at 3:06 pm

    Rare plant species suffer more from disease than commoner species. The fact that rare species are more susceptible to attack by micro-organisms living in the soil, such as fungi and bacteria, may in fact be one of the reasons they are rare. Biologists have been trying to work out why some species are rare, while others are common, since Darwin's time and a new study provides a possible answer. […]

  • Why are some mushrooms 'magic?'
    on February 27, 2018 at 4:55 pm

    Psychedelic mushrooms likely developed their "magical" properties to trip up fungi-munching insects, suggests new research. […]

  • Mutation explains why some people are more vulnerable to viral brain infection
    on February 22, 2018 at 10:14 pm

    Scientists identified mutations in a single gene that impair immunity to viruses in a region of the brain called the brain stem. […]

  • Toenail fungus gives up sex to infect human hosts
    on February 22, 2018 at 7:50 pm

    The fungus that causes athlete's foot and other skin and toenail infections may have lost its ability to sexually reproduce as it adapted to grow on human hosts. The discovery that this species may be asexual -- and therefore nearly identical at the genetic level -- uncovers potential vulnerabilities that researchers could exploit in designing better antifungal medications. The findings appear online in Genetics. […]

  • Invasion of the body-snatching fungus
    on February 22, 2018 at 3:35 pm

    Researchers recently documented a gory and fascinating relationship between periodical cicadas and a fungus that infects them, hijacks their behavior, and causes a scene straight out of a zombie movie. […]