Lost Treasures

Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily Lost treasures of the world. Read about ancient treasures, Roman coins, shipwrecks and more. Photos and articles.

  • A wooden toe: Swiss Egyptologists study 3000-year-old prosthesis
    on June 20, 2017 at 1:31 pm

    It is likely to be one of the oldest prosthetic devices in human history: Together with other experts, Egyptologists have reexamined an artificial wooden big toe. The find is almost 3000 years old and was discovered in a female burial from the necropolis of Sheikh ´Abd el-Qurna close to Luxor. This area is currently being studied using state-of-the-art methods. […]

  • Ancient DNA reveals role of Near East and Egypt in cat domestication
    on June 19, 2017 at 4:58 pm

    DNA found at archaeological sites reveals that the origins of our domestic cat are in the Near East and ancient Egypt. Cats were domesticated by the first farmers some 10,000 years ago. They later spread across Europe and other parts of the world via trade hub Egypt. The DNA analysis also revealed that most of these ancient cats had stripes: spotted cats were uncommon until the Middle Ages. […]

  • Jerusalem tower younger than thought
    on June 15, 2017 at 4:06 pm

    Gihon Spring was crucial to the survival of its inhabitants, and archaeologists had uncovered the remains of a massive stone tower built to guard this vital water supply. Based on pottery and other regional findings, the archaeologists had originally assigned it a date of 1,700 BCE. But new research provides conclusive evidence that the stones at the base of the tower were laid nearly 1,000 years later. […]

  • Dawn of humanity: Neanderthal-Homo sapiens transition
    on June 14, 2017 at 3:42 pm

    Archaeologists have provided a window into one of the most exciting periods in human history -- the transition between Neanderthals and modern humans. […]

  • Student makes big discovery during anthropology dig on battle site
    on June 8, 2017 at 11:35 am

    An anthropology student working on an archaeological site near Arkansas City, Kansas, has discovered an artifact dating back to the 1600s. […]

  • Which extinct ducks could fly?
    on June 7, 2017 at 12:55 pm

    We're all familiar with flightless birds: ostriches, emus, penguins -- and ducks? Ducks and geese have been especially prone to becoming flightless over the course of evolutionary history, but it can be difficult to determine from fossils whether an extinct species could fly or not. A new study takes a fresh approach, classifying species as flightless or not based on their skeletons and offering a glimpse into the lives of these extinct waterfowl. […]

  • Forensic technique uses forehead X-rays to assess age of juvenile remains
    on June 5, 2017 at 3:00 pm

    Forensic anthropology researchers have developed a technique that can provide an approximate age for juveniles and young people based on an X-ray of the frontal sinus region of the skull. The technique can be used to help identify human remains in forensic cases, as well as to determine age ranges in archaeological research or for living people for whom no records are available. […]

  • Why was a teenager with bone cancer buried on Witch Hill in Panama?
    on June 1, 2017 at 7:18 pm

    Likely the first bone tumor from an ancient skeleton in Central America has been found by archaeologists. The starburst-shaped tumor is in the upper right arm of the skeleton of an adolescent buried in about 1300 AD in a trash heap at a site in western Panama called Cerro Brujo or Witch Hill. The reason for what appears to be a ritual burial in this abandoned pre-Columbian settlement is unknown. […]

  • The first genome data from ancient Egyptian mummies
    on May 30, 2017 at 3:51 pm

    An international team has successfully recovered ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies dating from approximately 1400 BCE to 400 CE, including the first genome-wide nuclear data, establishing ancient Egyptian mummies as a reliable of ancient DNA. The study found that modern Egyptians share more ancestry with Sub-Saharan Africans than ancient Egyptians did. […]

  • Ancient DNA evidence shows hunter-gatherers and farmers were intimately linked
    on May 25, 2017 at 4:30 pm

    In human history, the transition from hunting and gathering to farming is a significant one. As such, hunter-gatherers and farmers are usually thought about as two entirely different sets of people. But researchers reporting new ancient DNA evidence show that in the area we now recognize as Romania, at least, hunter-gatherers and farmers were living side by side, intermixing with each other, and having children. […]

  • Fossil beetles suggest that LA climate has been relatively stable for 50,000 years
    on May 24, 2017 at 5:11 pm

    Research based on more than 180 fossil insects preserved in the La Brea Tar Pits of Los Angeles indicate that the climate in what is now southern California has been relatively stable over the past 50,000 years. […]

  • Two missing World War II B-25 bombers documented by Project Recover off Papua New Guinea
    on May 23, 2017 at 1:50 pm

    Two B-25 bombers associated with American servicemen missing in action from World War II were recently documented in the waters off Papua New Guinea by Project Recover -- a collaborative team of marine scientists, archaeologists and volunteers who have combined efforts to locate aircraft and associated MIAs from World War II. […]

  • Viking army camp uncovered by archaeologists in England
    on May 18, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    Thousands of Vikings established a camp in Lincolnshire as they prepared to conquer ninth century England, archaeologists have discovered. Vikings used camp in winter to repair ships, melt down stolen loot, trade and play games. […]

  • 'Humanlike' ways of thinking evolved 1.8 million years ago
    on May 8, 2017 at 10:49 pm

    By using highly advanced brain imaging technology to observe modern humans crafting ancient tools, a neuroarchaeologist has found evidence that human-like ways of thinking may have emerged as early as 1.8 million years ago. […]

  • How migrations and other population dynamics could have shaped early human culture
    on May 3, 2017 at 5:19 pm

    Bursts of cultural advance are usually assumed to result from climate or biological changes. A new theory digs into how humans innovate, and suggests such bursts could be the result of population dynamics and culture itself. […]

  • Holy chickens: Did Medieval religious rules drive domestic chicken evolution?
    on May 3, 2017 at 12:45 am

    Chickens were domesticated from Asian jungle fowl around 6,000 years ago. Since domestication they have acquired a number of traits that are valuable to humans, including those concerning appearance, reduced aggression and faster egg-laying, although it is not known when and why these traits evolved. Now, an international team of scientists has combined DNA data from archaeological chicken bones with statistical modeling to pinpoint when these traits started to increase in frequency in Europe. […]

  • Long lost monitor lizard 're-discovered' on Papua New Guinean island
    on May 2, 2017 at 1:58 pm

    Scientists have recently found and re-described a monitor lizard species from the island of New Ireland in northern Papua New Guinea. It is the only large-growing animal endemic to the island that has survived until modern times. The lizard, Varanus douarrha, was already discovered in the early 19th century, but the type specimen never reached the museum where it was destined as it appears to have been lost in a shipwreck. […]

  • DNA from extinct humans discovered in cave sediments
    on April 27, 2017 at 6:17 pm

    Researchers have developed a new method to retrieve hominin DNA from cave sediments -- even in the absence of skeletal remains. […]

  • Mastodon discovery shakes up understanding of early humans in the New World
    on April 26, 2017 at 6:30 pm

    An Ice Age site in San Diego, Calif., preserves 130,000-year-old bones and teeth of a mastodon that show evidence of modification by early humans. Analysis of these finds dramatically revises the timeline for when humans first reached North America, according to new research. […]

  • Cracking the origin of ancient decorative ostrich eggs
    on April 12, 2017 at 1:12 pm

    Archaeologists and scientists are using cutting edge technology to crack a conundrum surrounding the ancient trade in ostrich eggs. […]

  • Precision chronology sheds new light on the origins of Mongolia's nomadic horse culture
    on April 11, 2017 at 5:08 pm

    According to new research, nomadic horse culture -- famously associated with Genghis Khan and his Mongol hordes -- can trace its roots back more than 3,000 years in the eastern Eurasian Steppes, in the territory of modern Mongolia. […]

  • Food webs entangle humans in complex relationships with animals, crops and the environment
    on April 10, 2017 at 12:50 pm

    Reconstructed food webs from the Ancestral Puebloan southwestern United States show the complexity and interconnectedness of humans, other animals, crops and the environment, in an area of uncertain climate and resources, according to researchers, who think climate change and human decisions then, may shed light on future human choices. […]

  • Archaeologist explains innovation of 'fluting' ancient stone weaponry
    on April 4, 2017 at 8:00 pm

    Approximately 13,500 years after nomadic Clovis hunters crossed the frozen land bridge from Asia to North America, researchers are still asking questions and putting together clues as to how they not only survived in a new landscape with unique new challenges but adapted with stone tools and weapons to thrive for thousands of years. Kent State University's Metin Eren, Ph.D., and his colleagues are not only asking these questions but testing their unique new theories. […]

  • New archaeological evidence throws light on efforts to resist 'the living dead'
    on April 3, 2017 at 4:33 pm

    A new scientific study of medieval human bones, excavated from a deserted English village, suggests the corpses they came from were burnt and mutilated. Researchers believe this was carried out by villagers who believed that it would stop the corpses rising from their graves and menacing the living. […]

  • New perspective on the European colonization of Asia
    on March 20, 2017 at 2:40 pm

    Although James Cook's 18th century expeditions into the South Pacific Ocean are considered historical feats, Spanish voyages of discovery in this region preceded them. It is well-known that the Spanish, beginning with Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, explored the Pacific during the 16th and 17th centuries. Now, new archaeological excavations at a settlement in northern Taiwan have brought a new perspective on the colonization of the Pacific region to light. […]

  • 400,000-year-old fossil human cranium is oldest ever found in Portugal
    on March 13, 2017 at 11:27 pm

    Researchers have found the oldest fossil human cranium in Portugal, marking an important contribution to knowledge of human evolution during the middle Pleistocene in Europe and to the origin of the Neanderthals. […]

  • Bones, teeth reveal the harsh conditions endured by the ancestors of indigenous Finnish cattle and...
    on March 10, 2017 at 2:19 pm

    The most extensive isotope analysis of archaeological material in Finland revealed a fragment of the history of ancient Finnish cattle: the bones and teeth showed which plants the animals fed on. For thousands of years, the ancestors of today’s Finncattle and Finnsheep survived on scarce nutrition, but actually starved in the Middle Ages in particular. […]

  • Discovery of widespread platinum may help solve Clovis people mystery
    on March 9, 2017 at 5:06 pm

    No one knows for certain why the Clovis people and iconic beasts -- mastodon, mammoth and saber-toothed tiger -- living some 12,800 years ago suddenly disappeared. However, a discovery of widespread platinum at archaeological sites across the US has provided an important clue in solving this enduring mystery. […]

  • Silk Road evolved as 'grass-routes' movement
    on March 8, 2017 at 6:11 pm

    Nearly 5,000 years ago, long before the vast east-west trade routes of the Great Silk Road were traversed by Marco Polo, the foundations for these trans-Asian interaction networks were being carved by nomads moving herds to lush mountain pastures, suggests new research. […]

  • The selection of archaeological research material should be re-evaluated
    on March 8, 2017 at 1:10 pm

    A systematically collected material produces a more exact image of the excavated objects. A researcher has studied the way the method of retrieval influences the quality and quantity of archaeological objects for research. […]