Lost Treasures

Lost Treasures News -- ScienceDaily Lost treasures of the world. Read about ancient treasures, Roman coins, shipwrecks and more. Photos and articles.

  • Newfoundland populated multiple times by distinct groups, DNA evidence shows
    on October 12, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    Researchers who've examined genetic evidence from mitochondrial DNA provide evidence that two groups of indigenous people in Canada, known as the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk, brought different matrilines to the island, adding further support to the notion that those groups had distinct population histories. […]

  • The making of medieval bling
    on October 11, 2017 at 4:03 pm

    Gold has long been valued for its luxurious glitter and hue, and threads of the gleaming metal have graced clothing and tapestries for centuries. Determining how artisans accomplished these adornments in the distant past can help scientists restore, preserve and date artifacts, but solutions to these puzzles have been elusive. Now scientists have revealed that medieval artisans used a gilding technology that has endured for centuries. […]

  • Earliest evidence for a native African cultigen discovered in Eastern Sudan
    on September 27, 2017 at 8:20 pm

    Archaeologists examining plant impressions within broken pottery have discovered the earliest evidence for domesticated sorghum in Africa. […]

  • How aerial thermal imagery is revolutionizing archaeology
    on September 24, 2017 at 2:37 pm

    A new study has demonstrated how the latest aerial thermal imagery is transforming archaeology due to advancements in technology. Today's thermal cameras, commercial drones and photogrammetric software has introduced a new realm of possibilities for collecting site data-- field survey data across a much larger area can now be obtained in much less time. The findings serve as a manual on how to use aerial thermography. […]

  • Ancient textiles reveal differences in Mediterranean fabrics in the 1st millennium BC
    on September 22, 2017 at 1:40 pm

    Analysis of Iron Age textiles indicates that during c. 1000-400 BC Italy shared the textile culture of Central Europe, while Greece was largely influenced by the traditions of ancient Near East. […]

  • The connection between an unusual pottery vessel and the development of the elites
    on September 6, 2017 at 6:45 pm

    Researchers have found a unique pottery vessel dating back some 7,200 years ago. The unique vessel was apparently used for ritual purposes, ensuring that certain people or groups could maintain their ability to store large quantities of crops. […]

  • Human bones in south Mexico: Stalagmite reveals their age as 13,000 years old
    on August 31, 2017 at 5:12 pm

    A prehistoric human skeleton found on the Yucatán Peninsula is at least 13,000 years old and most likely dates from a glacial period at the end of the most recent ice age, the late Pleistocene. A German-Mexican team of researchers has now dated the fossil skeleton based on a stalagmite that grew on the hip bone. […]

  • How Neanderthals made the very first glue
    on August 31, 2017 at 1:34 pm

    The world's oldest known glue was made by Neanderthals. But how did they make it 200,000 years ago? Archaeologists have discovered three possible ways. […]

  • New clue may reveal the fate of famous French explorer
    on August 30, 2017 at 3:48 pm

    An anthropologist may have stumbled across a clue to resolving one of the most enduring mysteries of Pacific history - the fate of famous French navigator, Jean François de Galaup, Comte de La Pérouse who disappeared in 1788. […]

  • Mathematical mystery of ancient Babylonian clay tablet solved
    on August 24, 2017 at 6:12 pm

    Scientists have discovered the purpose of a famous 3,700-year old Babylonian clay tablet, revealing it is the world's oldest and most accurate trigonometric table, possibly used by ancient mathematical scribes to calculate how to construct palaces and temples and build canals. The new research shows the Babylonians beat the Greeks to the invention of trigonometry -- the study of triangles -- by more than 1,000 years. […]

  • Wild sheep grazed in the Black Desert 14,500 years ago
    on August 23, 2017 at 3:07 am

    Excavations of architecture and associated deposits left by hunter-gatherers in the Black Desert in eastern Jordan have revealed bones from wild sheep -- a species previously not identified in this area in the Late Pleistocene. According to archaeologists, the discovery is further evidence that the region often seen as a 'marginal zone' was capable of supporting a variety of resources, including a population of wild sheep, 14,500 years ago. […]

  • 'Lost city' used 500 years of soil erosion to benefit crop farming
    on August 21, 2017 at 2:27 pm

    Researchers working on a 700-year-old abandoned agricultural site in Tanzania have shown that soil erosion benefited farming practices for some 500 years. […]

  • Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam
    on August 18, 2017 at 1:21 pm

    A team of archaeologists has uncovered a vast trading network which operated in Vietnam from around 4,500 years ago up until around 3,000 years ago. […]

  • Citrus fruits were the clear status symbols of the nobility in the ancient Mediterranean
    on August 18, 2017 at 1:21 pm

    New research reveals that citrons and lemons were status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite. It also plots the route and evolution of the citrus trade in the ancient Mediterranean. […]

  • Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa
    on August 17, 2017 at 6:15 pm

    The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime trade routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. […]

  • Mystery of 8,500-year-old copper-making event revealed through materials science
    on August 15, 2017 at 1:51 pm

    Stone Age metallurgical 'slag' from Turkey -- once thought to be the earliest known example of copper smelting in western Eurasia -- now re-identified as incidentally fired green copper pigment. […]

  • Analysis finds defeat of Hannibal 'written in the coins of the Roman Empire'
    on August 14, 2017 at 1:28 pm

    Analysis of ancient Roman coins has shown that the defeat of the Carthaginian general Hannibal led to a flood of wealth across the Roman Empire from the silver mines of Spain. This finding gives us a tangible record of the transition of Rome from a regional power to an Empire. […]

  • Archaeologists uncover 3,000-year-old female statue at citadel gate complex in Turkey
    on August 10, 2017 at 9:33 pm

    The remains of a majestic female statue uncovered at an archaeological site in southeast Turkey may challenge our understanding of the public role of women in the ancient world. Excavations at a site near the Syrian border have unearthed a beautifully carved head and upper torso of a female figure. The remnants are largely intact, although the face and chest appear to have been intentionally -- possibly ritually -- defaced. […]

  • Ancient DNA used to track Mesa Verde exodus in 13th century
    on August 10, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    Ancient DNA used to track the mass exodus of Ancestral Pueblo people from Colorado's Mesa Verde region in the late 13th century indicates many wound up in the Northern Rio Grande area north of Santa Fe, N.M., inhabited today by the Tewa Pueblo people. […]

  • DNA from Viking cod bones suggests 1,000-year history of European fish trade
    on August 7, 2017 at 7:17 pm

    New research using DNA from the fish bone remains of Viking-era meals reveals that north Norwegians have been transporting -- and possibly trading -- Arctic cod into mainland Europe for a millennium. […]

  • Algorithms identify the dynamics of prehistoric social networks in the Balkans
    on July 27, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    The pioneering application of modularity analyses in archaeology yields a powerful method for highly accurate mapping of social interaction in the human past. […]

  • Cultural flexibility was key for early humans to survive extreme dry periods in southern Africa
    on July 26, 2017 at 2:29 pm

    The early human techno-tradition, known as Howiesons Poort, associated with Homo sapiens who lived in southern Africa about 66,000 to 59,000 years ago indicates that during this period of pronounced aridification they developed cultural innovations that allowed them to significantly enlarge the range of environments they occupied. […]

  • Archaeologists find key to tracking ancient wheat in frozen Bronze Age box
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:15 pm

    A Bronze Age wooden container found in an ice patch at 2,650m in the Swiss Alps could help archaeologists shed new light on the spread and exploitation of cereal grains following a chance discovery. […]

  • Archaeologists put sound back into a previously silent past
    on July 6, 2017 at 6:31 pm

    Many attempts to explain how past people experienced their wider world have focused on sight at the expense of sound, but researchers have now developed a tool that puts sound back into the ancient landscape. […]

  • Breakthrough in dating Viking fortress
    on July 5, 2017 at 1:53 pm

    In 2014 archaeologists discovered the previously unknown Viking fortress at Borgring south of Copenhagen. Since then the search has been on to uncover the life, function, destruction and, not least, the precise dating of the Viking fortress. Now a new find has produced a breakthrough in the investigation. […]

  • Utah is home to earliest use of a wild potato in North America
    on July 3, 2017 at 9:00 pm

    Potato starch residues have been discovered in the crevices of a 10,900-year-old stone tool in Escalante, Utah -- the earliest evidence of wild potato use in North America. This is the first archaeological study to identify Solanum jamesii, a wild species native to the southwestern United States, as an important part of ancient human diets. The long history could mean that the species was transported, cultivated or even domesticated. […]

  • Pioneering X-ray technique developed to analyze ancient artifacts
    on June 29, 2017 at 12:50 pm

    A new method for conducting materials analysis on historical objects has been developed by a team of researchers. […]

  • A wooden toe: Swiss Egyptologists study 3000-year-old prosthesis
    on June 20, 2017 at 1:31 pm

    It is likely to be one of the oldest prosthetic devices in human history: Together with other experts, Egyptologists have reexamined an artificial wooden big toe. The find is almost 3000 years old and was discovered in a female burial from the necropolis of Sheikh ´Abd el-Qurna close to Luxor. This area is currently being studied using state-of-the-art methods. […]

  • Ancient DNA reveals role of Near East and Egypt in cat domestication
    on June 19, 2017 at 4:58 pm

    DNA found at archaeological sites reveals that the origins of our domestic cat are in the Near East and ancient Egypt. Cats were domesticated by the first farmers some 10,000 years ago. They later spread across Europe and other parts of the world via trade hub Egypt. The DNA analysis also revealed that most of these ancient cats had stripes: spotted cats were uncommon until the Middle Ages. […]

  • Jerusalem tower younger than thought
    on June 15, 2017 at 4:06 pm

    Gihon Spring was crucial to the survival of its inhabitants, and archaeologists had uncovered the remains of a massive stone tower built to guard this vital water supply. Based on pottery and other regional findings, the archaeologists had originally assigned it a date of 1,700 BCE. But new research provides conclusive evidence that the stones at the base of the tower were laid nearly 1,000 years later. […]