Materials Science

Materials Science News -- ScienceDaily Materials Science News and Research. Read all the latest in materials engineering, chemical engineering, and more.

  • New method promises easier nanoscale manufacturing
    on July 27, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    A new way to precisely pattern nanomaterials has been revealed by researchers, who say that it could open a new path to the next generation of everyday electronic devices. […]

  • Sticky when wet: Strong adhesive for wound healing
    on July 27, 2017 at 6:15 pm

    A super-strong 'tough adhesive' has been created that is non-toxic and binds to biological tissues with a strength comparable to the body's own resilient cartilage, even when they're wet. Inspired by the glue produced by a slug, the double-layered hydrogel material demonstrates both high adhesion strength and strain dissipation, making it useful in a variety of medical applications. […]

  • Reality check for 'wonder material'
    on July 27, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    Topological insulators, a class of materials which has been investigated for just over a decade, have been heralded as a new 'wonder material', as has graphene. But so far, topological insulators have not quite lived up to the expectations fueled by theoretical studies. Physicists now have an idea about why. […]

  • New chemical structures built on unreactive bonds
    on July 27, 2017 at 2:29 pm

    Organic chemists have transformed strong carbon fluorine bonds into crowded quaternary carbon centers with cobalt catalyzed Grignard chemistry. […]

  • Physicists turn a crystal into an electrical circuit
    on July 27, 2017 at 12:32 pm

    Physicists have found a way to write an electrical circuit into a crystal, opening up the possibility of transparent, three-dimensional electronics that, like an Etch A Sketch, can be erased and reconfigured. […]

  • Heavy metals in water meet their match
    on July 27, 2017 at 12:31 pm

    A high school student's project removes more than 99 percent of heavy metal toxins from water. A new article demonstrates its potential for water remediation in developing nations around the world. […]

  • Neutrons peer into a running engine
    on July 26, 2017 at 8:38 pm

    Scientists have used neutrons to investigate the performance of a new aluminum alloy in a gasoline-powered engine -- while the engine was running. […]

  • Explaining why perovskite solar cells are more efficient
    on July 26, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    Experimenters with a powerful 'electron camera' have discovered that light whirls atoms around in perovskites, potentially explaining the high efficiency of these next-generation solar cell materials and providing clues for making better ones. […]

  • Strange electrons break the crystal symmetry of high-temperature superconductors
    on July 26, 2017 at 5:21 pm

    Scientists have found surprising electron behavior that may help unravel the ever-elusive mechanism behind high-temperature superconductivity -- a phenomenon in which electrical current flows freely without resistance through a material at unusually high temperatures relative to those of conventional superconductors. […]

  • Atomic discovery opens door to greener, faster, smaller electronic circuitry
    on July 26, 2017 at 5:17 pm

    A key step in unlocking the potential for greener, faster, smaller electronic circuitry was taken recently by a group of researchers. The research team found a way to delete and replace out-of-place atoms that had been preventing new revolutionary circuitry designs from working. This unleashes a new kind of silicon chips for used in common electronic products, such as our phones and computers. […]

  • Taking technology to the next level
    on July 26, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    Physicists have developed a new hybrid integrated platform, promising to be a more advanced alternative to conventional integrated circuits. The researchers demonstrated their approach is mass manufacturable, making it possible to integrate the platform into everyday electronic equipment like smartphones. For end users this technical advance means it may lead to faster internet on their next-generation electronic devices. […]

  • Longer-lasting fragrance is just a shampoo away, thanks to peptides
    on July 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    Many people select their shampoo based on smell. Unfortunately, that scent usually doesn't last long on hair. Now, one team reports a new way to help the fragrance 'stick' to hair longer. […]

  • Turning dirty tinfoil into biofuel catalyst
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:20 pm

    A researcher has discovered a way to convert dirty aluminium foil into a biofuel catalyst, which could help to solve global waste and energy problems. […]

  • New membranes help reduce carbon dioxide emission
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:20 pm

    Scientists are developing membranes for an efficient separation of gasses, to use for the production of oxygen or hydrogen, for example. […]

  • Getting closer to porous, light-responsive materials
    on July 26, 2017 at 1:15 pm

    Researchers have developed a light-responsive crystalline material that overcomes challenges faced in previous studies. […]

  • Color-shifting electronic skin could have wearable tech and prosthetic uses
    on July 26, 2017 at 12:41 am

    Researchers have developed a new type of user-interactive electronic skin, with a color change perceptible to the human eye, and achieved with a much-reduced level of strain. Their results could have applications in robotics, prosthetics and wearable technology. […]

  • Molecular microscopy illuminates molecular motor motion
    on July 25, 2017 at 7:42 pm

    A toddler running sometimes loses footing because both feet come off the ground at the same time. Kinesin motors that move materials around in cells have the same problem, which limits how fast they can traverse a microtubule in the cell and carry cargo, according to researchers who have now seen these kinesin motors move using an unusual microscope and tagging method. […]

  • New phase change mechanism could lead to new class of chemical vapor sensors
    on July 25, 2017 at 4:21 pm

    An interdisciplinary team of scientists has demonstrated optical and electronic evidence of semiconductor-to-metallic phase transition when exposed to airborne chemical vapors, and how the behavior can be used to create an entirely new class of chemical vapor sensors. […]

  • Nanoparticles loaded with component of common spice kill cancer cells
    on July 25, 2017 at 4:20 pm

    Attaching curcumin, a component of the common spice turmeric, to nanoparticles can be used to target and destroy treatment-resistant neuroblastoma tumor cells, according to a new study. The study demonstrates a potentially novel treatment for neuroblastoma, the most common cancer in infants. […]

  • Natural molecule to boost the performance of electrodes for rechargeable batteries
    on July 25, 2017 at 4:20 pm

    Chlorophyll, blood, and vitamin B12 are all based on the porphyrin molecule. But porphyrin can also be used as an electrode material where it speeds up the charging process of rechargeable batteries. In a new article, researchers now present the new material system that could mark the beginning of an era of high-performance energy storage and supercapacitors. […]

  • Making polymer chemistry 'click'
    on July 25, 2017 at 1:04 pm

    A research team has developed a faster and easier way to make a class of sulfur-containing plastics that will lower the cost of large-scale production. […]

  • Chemical route towards electronic devices in graphene
    on July 25, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    Essential electronic components, such as diodes and tunnel barriers, can be incorporated in single graphene wires (nanoribbons) with atomic precision. The goal is to create graphene-based electronic devices with extremely fast operational speeds. […]

  • New chromium-based superconductor has an unusual electronic state
    on July 25, 2017 at 1:00 pm

    When certain materials are cooled below a critical temperature they become superconductors, with zero electrical resistance. An international research team observed an unusual electronic state in new superconductor chromium arsenide. This finding could prove useful in future superconductor research and material design. […]

  • Large single-crystal graphene is possible, say scientists
    on July 25, 2017 at 1:00 pm

    The target of large, cheap and quick graphene synthesis has been achieved, report researchers in a new article. […]

  • New strategy to design mechano-responsive luminescent materials
    on July 25, 2017 at 12:59 pm

    Crystals made from gold complexes change color as they change structure from “chiral” to “achiral” when ground, report researchers. […]

  • Ingestible drug-delivery materials may help patients comply with treatment regimens
    on July 25, 2017 at 12:36 pm

    To ensure patients receive full medicinal treatments, engineers have developed a new set of hydrogel-based drug delivery materials, which can live in the stomach up to nine days, slowly releasing medication. […]

  • Advancing knowledge toward more efficient electronics
    on July 24, 2017 at 9:28 pm

    A recent discovery of a new magnetic semimetal could eventually lead to more energy-efficient computers, televisions, radios and other electronics. […]

  • Construction of massive neutrino experiment kicks off a mile underground
    on July 24, 2017 at 8:21 pm

    A new era in international particle physics research officially began July 21 with a unique groundbreaking held a mile underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota. Dignitaries, scientists and engineers from around the world marked the start of construction of a massive international experiment that could change our understanding of the universe. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) will house the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), which will be built and operated by roughly 1,000 scientists and engineers from 30 countries. […]

  • Multitasking monolayers
    on July 24, 2017 at 7:56 pm

    Two-dimensional materials that can multitask. That is the result of a new process that naturally produces patterned monolayers that can act as a base for creating a wide variety of novel materials with dual optical, magnetic, catalytic or sensing capabilities. […]

  • Carbon nanotubes turn electrical current into light-emitting quasi-particles
    on July 24, 2017 at 7:00 pm

    Light-matter quasi-partic­les can be generated electrically in semiconducting carbon nanotubes, report scientists. Strong light-matter coupling in these semiconducting tubes may hold the key to electrically pumped lasers, they add. […]