Microbiology

Microbiology News -- ScienceDaily Microbiology News. Articles and images on biochemistry research, micro-organisms, cell functions and related topics, updated daily.

  • Fungal toxins easily become airborne, creating potential indoor health risk
    on June 23, 2017 at 5:15 pm

    Toxins produced by three different species of fungus growing indoors on wallpaper may become aerosolized, and easily inhaled. The findings likely have implications for 'sick building syndrome. […]

  • Tropical viruses: Coming soon to Europe?
    on June 23, 2017 at 2:06 pm

    The mosquito-borne viral disease Chikungunya is usually found in tropical areas. Researchers have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. Even if climate change only progresses moderately – as scientists are currently observing – the risk of infection will continue to increase in many regions of the world through the end of the 21st century. If climate change continues unchecked, the virus could even spread to southern Europe and the United States. […]

  • First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes found in Brazil
    on June 22, 2017 at 6:30 pm

    While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have identified a mosquito -- caught in the Brazilian city of Aracaju -- that's naturally infected with the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya. […]

  • How bacterial organelles assemble
    on June 22, 2017 at 6:29 pm

    Scientists are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing at atomic-level resolution the structure and assembly of the organelle's protein shell. This work could benefit research in bioenergy and pathogenesis, and it could lead to new methods of bioengineering bacteria for beneficial purposes. […]

  • Switchable DNA mini-machines store information
    on June 22, 2017 at 6:29 pm

    Biomedical engineers have built simple machines out of DNA, consisting of arrays whose units switch reversibly between two different shapes. The arrays' inventors say they could be harnessed to make nanotech sensors or amplifiers. Potentially, they could be combined to form logic gates, the parts of a molecular computer. […]

  • How pythons regenerate their organs and other secrets of the snake genome
    on June 22, 2017 at 4:19 pm

    Snakes exhibit incredible evolutionary adaptations, including the ability to rapidly regenerate their organs and produce venom. Scientists studied these adaptations using genetic sequencing and advanced computing. Supercomputers helped the team identify a number of genes associated with organ growth in Burmese pythons, study secondary contact in related rattlesnake species, and develop tools to recognize evolutionary changes caused by natural selection. […]

  • The two faces of rot fungi
    on June 22, 2017 at 2:38 pm

    Yogurt, beer, bread and specialties such as tasty blue cheeses or good wine -- special microorganisms and refining processes first produce the pleasant flavors and enticing aromas of many foodstuffs. Researchers have now investigated the formation of rot in grapes and have shown that when this is caused by certain kinds of mold fungi, the resultant wine can have not only moldy but also floral aromas. […]

  • Pathogen that causes sleeping sickness: Promising new target
    on June 22, 2017 at 12:27 pm

    The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. A team of researchers has studied the pathogens and reported exciting news: The trypanosomes have a so far unknown enzyme which does not exist in humans and other vertebrates. This makes it a promising target for therapy. […]

  • Algae: The final frontier
    on June 21, 2017 at 8:59 pm

    Algae dominate the oceans that cover nearly three-quarters of our planet, and produce half of the oxygen that we breathe. And yet fewer than 10 percent of the algae have been formally described in the scientific literature, as noted in a new review. […]

  • Zika: Studying the 'rebound virus'
    on June 21, 2017 at 4:54 pm

    Scientists are investigating how the Zika virus is able to find a safe harbor in an infected host's tissue and stage a rebound weeks after the virus was seemingly cleared by the immune system. […]

  • Understanding how pain is bugging you
    on June 21, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    Gut bacteria play a key role in regulating abdominal pain and its associated changes in the brain and spinal cord, at least in mice, report scientists. […]

  • Simple method measures how long bacteria can wait out antibiotics
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:32 pm

    A simple test that measures how long it takes to kill bacteria could help doctors treat strains that are on their way to becoming resistant to antibiotics. If implemented in hospitals' microbiology labs, the test could help guide treatment decisions, and could ultimately reduce the ever-growing risk of bacterial resistance. […]

  • Active 24/7 and doing great: New clues to circadian clocks
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    Circadian clocks control the day-night cycle of many living beings. But what do the pacemakers do in animals whose activities do not follow this pattern? Scientists have now looked into this question. […]

  • Clear view on stem cell development
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    Today, tracking the development of individual cells and spotting the associated factors under the microscope is nothing unusual. However, impairments like shadows or changes in the background complicate the interpretation of data. Now, researchers have developed a software that corrects images to make hitherto hidden development steps visible. […]

  • Newly identified protection mechanism serves as first responder to cellular stress
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    A new type of rapid-response defense mechanism has been discovered that helps protect cells from environmental stress while giving slower, well-known protection systems time to act. […]

  • The rise of giant viruses
    on June 21, 2017 at 2:04 pm

    Giant viruses acquire genes piecemeal from others, researchers have found. The discovery has implications for bioenergy production and environmental cleanup. […]

  • Finding the perfect match: New approach to battle drug-resistant bacteria
    on June 20, 2017 at 6:31 pm

    Antibiotics were the wonder drug of the 20th century, but bacteria evolved resistance. According to the CDC, more than 2 million people in the U.S. develop MDR infections every year. Researchers have now developed a rapid screen to pair existing FDA-approved drugs to combat MDR infections. […]

  • Bacterial superantigens turn our immune cells to the dark side
    on June 20, 2017 at 6:29 pm

    A subpopulation of immune cells that normally fend off pathogens can turn against the host during certain infections, a new study reveals. […]

  • Blocking yeast-bacteria interaction may prevent severe biofilms that cause childhood tooth decay
    on June 20, 2017 at 3:40 pm

    In early childhood caries, a severe form of tooth decay that affects more than a third of toddlers in the US, yeast often partners with bacteria to form an intractable biofilm. New research reveals the mechanisms and suggests a way to block the interaction and reduce plaque. […]

  • Selfish gene acts as both poison and antidote to eliminate competition
    on June 20, 2017 at 1:32 pm

    An unprecedented genetic survival strategy has been identified that would be right at home in an Agatha Christie murder mystery novel. […]

  • Bacterial classification may be more elusive than previously thought
    on June 19, 2017 at 8:54 pm

    A new study provides new insights into processes behind the evolution of microorganisms and describes what it means for existing bacterial classification approaches. […]

  • Scientists demonstrate adaptation of animal vision in extreme environments
    on June 19, 2017 at 8:54 pm

    Animals can adapt their ability to see even with extreme changes in temperature, researchers have discovered. The researchers looked deeply into the eyes of catfish living in cold-water streams at altitudes of up to nearly 3 km in the Andes Mountains, and found the protein known as rhodopsin that enables vision in dim light also accelerates the speed at which vision occurs as temperatures drop. […]

  • Understanding E. coli behavior in streams
    on June 19, 2017 at 5:00 pm

    Determining E. coli levels in sediments and its ability to attach to sand and silt and float downstream will help scientists figure out what needs to be done to decrease bacterial levels in streams. […]

  • How to stop the nasty lurking toxoplasmosis parasite? Target its 'stomach,' research suggests
    on June 19, 2017 at 4:09 pm

    One in three people has a potentially nasty parasite hiding inside their body -- tucked away in tiny cysts that the immune system can't eliminate and antibiotics can't touch. But new research reveals clues about how to stop it: Interfere with its digestion during this stubborn dormant phase. […]

  • First atomic structure of an intact virus deciphered with an X-ray laser
    on June 19, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    An international team of scientists has for the first time used an X-ray free-electron laser to unravel the structure of an intact virus particle on the atomic level. The method used dramatically reduces the amount of virus material required, while also allowing the investigations to be carried out several times faster than before. […]

  • Mutant mosquitoes make insecticide-resistance monitoring key to controlling Zika
    on June 19, 2017 at 4:02 pm

    One of the most common insecticides used in the battle against the Aedes aegypti mosquito has no measurable impact when applied in communities where the mosquito has built up resistance to it, a study finds. […]

  • DNA delivery technology joins battle against drug-resistant bacteria
    on June 19, 2017 at 2:51 pm

    A new DNA delivery technology has been developed to fight drug-resistant bacteria, report investigators. […]

  • Treating autism by targeting the gut
    on June 19, 2017 at 2:18 pm

    Therapies to change the bacteria in the gut, through diet, pro-and prebiotic supplements, fecal matter transplants or antibiotics, could treat autism. A review of six decades of research linking the gut to brain development could pave the way for cheap and effective treatment. […]

  • Grape-based compounds kill colon cancer stem cells in mice
    on June 19, 2017 at 2:18 pm

    Compounds from grapes may kill colon cancer stem cells both in a petri dish and in mice, according to a team of researchers. […]

  • Bacteria from hot springs solve mystery of metabolism
    on June 19, 2017 at 2:14 pm

    Combustion is often a rapid process, like fire. How can our cells control the burning process so well? The question has long puzzled researchers. Using bacteria from hot springs, researchers now have the answer. […]