Nature

Nature News -- ScienceDaily Nature. Read the latest scientific research on the natural world, ecology and climate change.

  • Climate change linked to more flowery forests
    on January 19, 2018 at 4:35 pm

    New research has revealed a surprising relationship between surging atmospheric carbon dioxide and flower blooms in a remote tropical forest. […]

  • Why animals diversified on Earth: Cancer research provides clues
    on January 18, 2018 at 9:24 pm

    Can tumors teach us about animal evolution on Earth? Researchers believe so and now present a novel hypothesis of why animal diversity increased dramatically on Earth about half a billion years ago. A biological innovation may have been key. […]

  • 20 percent more trees in megacities would mean cleaner air and water, lower carbon and energy use
    on January 18, 2018 at 9:24 pm

    Planting 20 percent more trees in our megacities would double the benefits of urban forests, like pollution reduction, carbon sequestration and energy reduction. The authors of the study say city planners, residents and other stakeholders should start looking within cities for natural resources and conserve the nature in our urban areas by planting more trees. […]

  • Global analysis reveals how sharks travel the oceans to find food
    on January 18, 2018 at 7:29 pm

    You’ve heard of “you are what you eat” - this research shows that for sharks, the more relevant phrase is “you are where you ate.&rdquo […]

  • human impact on forest still evident after 500 years
    on January 18, 2018 at 7:26 pm

    Researchers have used high-tech tools to more precisely view where these cleared sites were and how much lasting impact they had on the rainforest in the Amazon Basin in South America. […]

  • Recent advances in understanding coral resilience are essential to safeguard coral reefs
    on January 18, 2018 at 7:19 pm

    The most urgent course of action to safeguard coral reefs is to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, but concurrently there is also a need to consider novel management techniques and previously over-looked reef areas for protective actions under predicted climate change impacts. The conclusions were reached following a comprehensive review of the literature on the mechanisms of potential coral resistance and recovery across scales from global reef areas to the microbial level within individual corals. […]

  • Post-fire logging harms Spotted owls
    on January 18, 2018 at 4:41 pm

    Post-fire logging, rather than the wildfires themselves, is responsible for the steep decline in territory occupancy of the rare Spotted owls living in the forests of California. The study's results coincide with the strong consensus among hundreds of US scientists opposing post-fire logging operations due to a wide range of ecological harms. […]

  • Coping with climate stress in Antarctica
    on January 17, 2018 at 5:16 pm

    Some Antarctic fish living in the planet's coldest waters are able to cope with the stress of rising carbon dioxide levels the ocean. They can even tolerate slightly warmer waters. But they can't deal with both climate change stressors at the same time, according to a new study. […]

  • California sea lion population rebounded to new highs
    on January 17, 2018 at 4:50 pm

    California sea lions have fully rebounded under the protection of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, with their population on the West Coast reaching carrying capacity in 2008 before unusually warm ocean conditions reduced their numbers, according to the first comprehensive population assessment of the species. […]

  • No-fishing zones help endangered penguins
    on January 17, 2018 at 3:25 am

    Small no-fishing zones around colonies of African penguins can help this struggling species, new research shows. […]

  • Europe's lost forests: Coverage has halved over 6,000 years
    on January 16, 2018 at 4:11 pm

    Research shows more than half of the forests across Europe have been lost over the past 6,000 years. […]

  • Solving Darwin's 'abominable mystery': How flowering plants conquered the world
    on January 11, 2018 at 7:17 pm

    Researchers have found that flowering plants have small cells relative to other major plant groups, made possible by a greatly reduced genome size, and this may explain how they became dominant so rapidly in ecosystems across the world. […]

  • Rising CO2 is causing trouble in freshwaters too, study suggests
    on January 11, 2018 at 7:17 pm

    As carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere rise, more CO2 gets absorbed into seawater. As a result, the world's oceans have grown more acidic over time, causing a wide range of well-documented problems for marine animals and ecosystems. Now, researchers present some of the first evidence that similar things are happening in freshwaters too. […]

  • Climate impacts of deforestation
    on January 11, 2018 at 4:53 pm

    Deforestation is likely to warm the climate even more than originally thought, scientists warn. Research has found reactive gases emitted by trees and vegetation have an overall cooling effect on our climate, meaning deforestation would lead to higher temperatures than previously anticipated as less of the gases would be created. […]

  • Protecting corridors is critical to preserving genetic diversity in tigers, and mizimising...
    on January 11, 2018 at 3:14 pm

    Tigers have lost 95% of their historical range, and what remains is highly fragmented. According to a new study, high traffic roads and densely populated urban areas are a severe impediment to tiger movement between fragments. Unplanned development in the future will result in loss of connectivity and an increased possibility of extinction for several tiger populations. To ensure future persistence, tiger populations need to be managed as a network of protected areas connected by corridors. […]

  • Spider eat spider: Scientists discover 18 new spider-hunting pelican spiders in Madagascar
    on January 11, 2018 at 3:14 pm

    Scientists examined and analyzed hundreds of pelican spiders both in the field in Madagascar and through study of pelican spiders preserved in museum collections. Their analysis sorted the spiders studied into 26 different species -- 18 of which have never before been described. The new species add to scientists' understanding of Madagascar's renowned biodiversity, and will help scientists investigate how pelican spiders' unusual traits have evolved and diversified over time. […]

  • Rising temperatures turning major sea turtle population female
    on January 11, 2018 at 3:14 pm

    Scientists have used a new research approach to show that warming temperatures are turning one of the world's largest sea turtle colonies almost entirely female, running the risk that the colony cannot sustain itself in coming decades, newly published research concludes. […]

  • Closed marriage: An orchid that never blooms
    on January 11, 2018 at 3:13 pm

    A flower identified as Lecanorchis nigricans has been revealed to be a different identity, Lecanorchis nigricans var. patipetala. Both species are self-pollinating, but the flowers of the true L. nigricans never open. […]

  • As climate is warming up, more bird nests are destroyed in Finnish farmland
    on January 11, 2018 at 3:08 pm

    A new study shows that birds have shifted the time of their breeding much faster than the farmers are anticipating their sowing times in Finnish farmland. This means that more birds are nowadays laying their eggs on fields that are still to be sown, a mismatch in timing that is most likely fatal for the bird nests. […]

  • New hope for critically endangered Myanmar snub-nosed monkey
    on January 11, 2018 at 2:07 pm

    Eight years after the discovery of a new primate species in Myanmar, scientists have released a new report revealing how the 'snubby' is faring. […]

  • Hiding from a warmer climate in the forest
    on January 11, 2018 at 1:49 pm

    Global warming threatens forest plants adapted to cooler temperatures. An international team of scientists have unraveled where these species could survive within colder spots in the same forest. The findings can help to understand the effect of climate change on forest biodiversity and what we can do to protect it. […]

  • In 'pond scum,' scientists find answers to one of evolution's which-came-first cases
    on January 10, 2018 at 7:13 pm

    A team of scientists report on new evidence that primitive moths and butterflies existed during the Jurassic period, approximately 50 million years earlier than the first flowering plants, shedding new light on one of the most confounding cases of co-evolution. […]

  • Body size of marine plankton, currents keys to dispersal in ocean
    on January 10, 2018 at 6:23 pm

    A new international study found that the size of plankton, and the strength and direction of currents, are key to how they are dispersed in the ocean -- much more so than physical conditions including differences in temperature, salinity and nutrient availability. […]

  • Combined effects of climate change and forest fires
    on January 10, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    A new study has tracked the ebb and flow of ecosystem changes over the last 10,000 years, showing patterns that could shed light on current climate change and its role in shaping the world's forests. […]

  • Strong support for ocean protection: Study
    on January 10, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    People around the world strongly support ocean conservation measures, according to a new study of public perceptions of marine threats and protection. […]

  • Worldwide importance of honey bees for natural habitats captured in new report
    on January 10, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    An unprecedented study integrating data from around the globe has shown that honey bees are the world's most important single species of pollinator in natural ecosystems and a key contributor to natural ecosystem functions. The report weaves together information from 80 plant-pollinator interaction networks. The results clearly identify the honey bee (Apis mellifera) as the single most frequent visitor to flowers of naturally occurring (non-crop) plants worldwide. […]

  • Giant extinct burrowing bat discovered in New Zealand
    on January 10, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    The fossilized remains of a giant burrowing bat that lived in New Zealand millions of years ago have been found by a UNSW Sydney-led international team of scientists. Teeth and bones of the extinct bat -- which was about three times the size of an average bat today -- were recovered from 19 to 16-million-year-old sediments near the town of St Bathans in Central Otago on the South Island. […]

  • New tipping point prediction model offers insights to diminishing bee colonies
    on January 10, 2018 at 3:09 pm

    A new method to predict tipping points -- the moment at which sudden change occurs in complex networked systems -- may offer insights that prevent colony collapse disorder (CCD), a phenomenon in which the majority of worker bees in a colony disappear, threatening the agricultural economy at a global level. […]

  • Engineered sandbars don't measure up for nesting plovers
    on January 10, 2018 at 1:05 pm

    Dams reduce the creation of natural sandbars, which is bad news for birds that depend on them for nesting habitat. More than 200 hectares of engineered sandbars have been built along the Missouri River to address this problem -- but how does this compare to the real thing? A new study takes advantage of a natural experiment created by the region's 2011 floods, demonstrating that engineered habitat doesn't provide the benefits of sandbars created by nature. […]

  • Life on land and tropical overheating 250 million years ago
    on January 10, 2018 at 2:49 am

    One of the key effects of the end-Permian mass extinction, 252 million years ago, was rapid heating of tropical waters and atmospheres. How this affected life on land has been uncertain until now. New research shows how early reptiles were expelled from the tropics. […]