Oil Spills

Oil Spills News -- ScienceDaily Latest research news on oil spills, oil spill clean-up, designing to avoid oil spills and more.

  • Sanchi oil spill contamination could take three months to reach mainland
    on January 13, 2018 at 2:37 pm

    Water contaminated by the oil currently leaking into the ocean from the Sanchi tanker collision is likely to take at least three months to reach land, and if it does the Korean coast is the most likely location. However, the oil's fate is highly uncertain, as it may burn, evaporate, or mix into the surface ocean and contaminate the environment for an extended duration. […]

  • Geopolitical risks to US oil supply lowest since the early 1970s
    on January 5, 2018 at 6:52 pm

    The geopolitical risks to the United States' oil supply are the lowest since the early 1970s, due to fracking, climate action and a more diverse global supply, according to a new paper. America's energy prosperity contrasts with a more fraught period for energy-exporting countries where geopolitical challenges have been compounded by fiscal stress and rising domestic energy demand, the authors said. […]

  • New report calls for research to better understand, predict Gulf of Mexico's loop current system
    on January 3, 2018 at 4:14 pm

    A new report calls for an international, multi-institutional comprehensive campaign of research, observation, and analysis activities that would help improve understanding and prediction of the Gulf of Mexico's Loop Current System (LCS). The position, strength, and structure of the LCS -- the dominant ocean circulation feature in the Gulf -- has major implications for oil and gas operations, hurricane intensity, coastal ecosystems, oil spill response, the fishing industry, tourism, and the region's economy. […]

  • Re-assessing Alaska's energy frontier
    on December 23, 2017 at 6:47 pm

    The new USGS assessment estimates 8.7 billion barrels of oil and 25 trillion cubic feet of natural gas resources. […]

  • Diesel vehicles in oil sands operations contribute to regional pollution
    on December 6, 2017 at 2:06 pm

    Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid. The substance has been linked to several health conditions, including heart disease and cataracts. Scientists investigating sources of the compound have now identified off-road diesel vehicles in oil sands production in Alberta, Canada, as a major contributor to regional levels of the pollutant. […]

  • Even modest oil exposure can harm coastal and marine birds
    on October 12, 2017 at 7:18 pm

    Many birds and other wildlife die following an oil spill, but there are also other potential long-terms effects of oil exposure on animals. […]

  • The costs of transporting petroleum products by pipelines and rail
    on October 10, 2017 at 7:29 pm

    While the policy debate surrounding crude oil transportation costs has emphasized accidents and spills, a new study indicates the debate is overlooking a far more serious external cost -- air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. […]

  • European sea bass show chronic impairment after exposure to crude oil
    on October 3, 2017 at 1:46 pm

    We may be underestimating the long-term impact of oil spills on fish, particularly their ability to tolerate low oxygen environments, according to research. […]

  • Gulf Spill oil dispersants associated with health symptoms in cleanup workers
    on September 19, 2017 at 8:03 pm

    Workers who were likely exposed to dispersants while cleaning up the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill experienced a range of health symptoms including cough and wheeze, and skin and eye irritation. […]

  • UK oil and gas reserves may last only a decade, study suggests
    on September 19, 2017 at 4:31 pm

    The UK has low oil and gas resources and limited prospects for fracking, according to a new analysis by scientists, who recommend a shift towards greater use of renewable, clean energy. […]

  • Dispersants improved air quality for responders at Deepwater Horizon
    on August 28, 2017 at 8:41 pm

    A recent study adds a new dimension to the controversial decision to inject large amounts of chemical dispersants immediately above the crippled oil well at the seafloor during the Deepwater Horizon disaster in 2010. […]

  • Oil and gas wells as a strong source of greenhouse gases
    on August 28, 2017 at 2:27 pm

    Boreholes in the North Sea could constitute a significantly more important source of methane, a strong greenhouse gas, than previously thought. Large amounts of methane are released from the sediments surrounding boreholes, probably over long periods of time. […]

  • Cheaper, greener biofuels processing catalyst
    on August 25, 2017 at 3:28 pm

    Fuels that are produced from nonpetroleum-based biological sources may become greener and more affordable, thanks to new research that examines the use of a processing catalyst made from palladium metal and bacteria. […]

  • Enhanced oil recovery method developed
    on July 19, 2017 at 2:05 pm

    A new class of materials which are suitable agents for oil displacing in enhanced oil recovery have been developed. […]

  • Oil impairs ability of coral reef fish to find homes and evade predators
    on July 17, 2017 at 3:05 pm

    Just as one too many cocktails can lead a person to make bad choices, a few drops of oil can cause coral reef fish to make poor decisions. Oil impacts the higher-order thinking of coral reef fish in a way that could prove dangerous for them -- and for the coral reefs where they make their home. […]

  • Oil spill impacts may perturb entire food webs
    on July 10, 2017 at 2:34 pm

    Oil spills not only have a direct impact on species and habitats, but may also set off a cascade of perturbations that affect the entire food web, new research finds. […]

  • Oil spill impacts in coastal wetland
    on July 10, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is still affecting wetland plants, a new study confirms. A paper explains how the presence of surface and buried crude oil under flooded and drained conditions affects the redox of wetland soils, an important control of wetland soil functions. […]

  • Sucking up spilt oil
    on July 7, 2017 at 1:53 pm

    Spilt crude oil has repeatedly polluted and even destroyed marine ecosystems. An effective measure would be to remove spilt oil slicks by absorption into a separable solid phase. As scientists now report, congelation of the oil to a rigid gel within impregnated cellulose and scooping the particles out is possible. […]

  • Better bacteria-busting techniques could make oil extraction greener, cheaper
    on July 4, 2017 at 1:41 pm

    Simple tweaks to oilfield practice could provide the offshore industry with a more sustainable, money-saving solution to health and safety, environmental and commercial threats posed by harmful bacteria in subsea oil deposits. […]

  • As climate stirs Arctic sea ice faster, pollution tags along
    on June 27, 2017 at 2:53 pm

    A warming climate is not just melting the Arctic's sea ice; it is stirring the remaining ice faster, increasing the odds that ice-rafted pollution will foul a neighboring country's waters, says a new study. […]

  • Microbe mystery solved: What happened to the Deepwater Horizon oil plume?
    on June 26, 2017 at 7:57 pm

    The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 is one of the most studied spills in history, yet scientists haven't agreed on the role of microbes in eating up the oil. Now a research team has identified all of the principal oil-degrading bacteria as well as their mechanisms for chewing up the many different components that make up the released crude oil. […]

  • Nanoparticles and magnets offer new, efficient method of removing oil from water
    on June 8, 2017 at 4:37 pm

    Engineering researchers used magnetic nanoparticles to separate oil from water through a simple process that relies on electrostatic force and a magnet. The engineers believe their new technique could improve water treatment for oil and gas production, more efficiently clean up oil spills and potentially remove lead from drinking water. […]

  • BP oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to natural resources, scientists find
    on April 20, 2017 at 6:18 pm

    The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to the natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists recently found after a six-year study of the impact of the largest oil spill in US history. […]

  • Seven years later: BP oil spill settlement funding new way to manage fish populations
    on April 20, 2017 at 1:03 pm

    Understanding the severity of the BP oil spill has led researchers to a barcoding fish eggs. This will help them to determine where fish are spawning, hopefully leading toward the creation of protected areas and a baseline should another oil spill occur. […]

  • Researchers design coatings to prevent pipeline clogging
    on April 14, 2017 at 2:57 pm

    A new coating could prevent methane clathrate clogs and blowouts in oil pipelines, potentially stopping a buildup of hydrate ices that slow or block oil and gas flow. […]

  • Experts successfully test a novel oil spill cleanup technology
    on March 24, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    Tests of a novel technology that can accelerate the combustion of crude oil floating on water demonstrated its potential to become an effective tool for minimizing the environmental impact of oil spills. The Flame Refluxer, developed by fire protection engineering researchers, could make it possible to burn off spilled oil quickly while producing relatively low levels of air pollutants. […]

  • After Deepwater Horizon spill: Which animals weathered the disaster
    on March 13, 2017 at 8:08 pm

    A new study from a Coastal Waters Consortium team of researchers has found which birds, fish, insects and other animals affected by the Deepwater Horizon explosion should be given top priority for conservation, protection and research. […]

  • Reusable sponge created that soaks up oil
    on March 8, 2017 at 2:25 pm

    Scientists have invented a new foam, called Oleo Sponge, that not only easily adsorbs spilled oil from water, but is also reusable and can pull dispersed oil from the entire water column -- not just the surface. […]

  • Low-cost monitoring device uses light to quickly detect oil spills
    on March 6, 2017 at 4:03 pm

    Researchers have developed a simple device that can detect an oil spill in water and then pinpoint the type of oil present on the surface. The device is designed to float on the water, where it could remotely monitor a small area susceptible to pollution or track the evolution of contamination at a particular location. […]

  • Finer raw cotton best for oil spill remediation, collaborative research shows
    on February 27, 2017 at 8:23 pm

    Cotton, a longtime staple crop on the South Plains and major part of the region’s economy, is growing into a new sector: environmental cleanup following oil spills. Now a new study concludes that finer raw cotton in loose form performs best for absorbing oil. […]