Oil Spills

Oil Spills News -- ScienceDaily Latest research news on oil spills, oil spill clean-up, designing to avoid oil spills and more.

  • Nanoparticles and magnets offer new, efficient method of removing oil from water
    on June 8, 2017 at 4:37 pm

    Engineering researchers used magnetic nanoparticles to separate oil from water through a simple process that relies on electrostatic force and a magnet. The engineers believe their new technique could improve water treatment for oil and gas production, more efficiently clean up oil spills and potentially remove lead from drinking water. […]

  • BP oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to natural resources, scientists find
    on April 20, 2017 at 6:18 pm

    The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to the natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists recently found after a six-year study of the impact of the largest oil spill in US history. […]

  • Seven years later: BP oil spill settlement funding new way to manage fish populations
    on April 20, 2017 at 1:03 pm

    Understanding the severity of the BP oil spill has led researchers to a barcoding fish eggs. This will help them to determine where fish are spawning, hopefully leading toward the creation of protected areas and a baseline should another oil spill occur. […]

  • Researchers design coatings to prevent pipeline clogging
    on April 14, 2017 at 2:57 pm

    A new coating could prevent methane clathrate clogs and blowouts in oil pipelines, potentially stopping a buildup of hydrate ices that slow or block oil and gas flow. […]

  • Experts successfully test a novel oil spill cleanup technology
    on March 24, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    Tests of a novel technology that can accelerate the combustion of crude oil floating on water demonstrated its potential to become an effective tool for minimizing the environmental impact of oil spills. The Flame Refluxer, developed by fire protection engineering researchers, could make it possible to burn off spilled oil quickly while producing relatively low levels of air pollutants. […]

  • After Deepwater Horizon spill: Which animals weathered the disaster
    on March 13, 2017 at 8:08 pm

    A new study from a Coastal Waters Consortium team of researchers has found which birds, fish, insects and other animals affected by the Deepwater Horizon explosion should be given top priority for conservation, protection and research. […]

  • Reusable sponge created that soaks up oil
    on March 8, 2017 at 2:25 pm

    Scientists have invented a new foam, called Oleo Sponge, that not only easily adsorbs spilled oil from water, but is also reusable and can pull dispersed oil from the entire water column -- not just the surface. […]

  • Low-cost monitoring device uses light to quickly detect oil spills
    on March 6, 2017 at 4:03 pm

    Researchers have developed a simple device that can detect an oil spill in water and then pinpoint the type of oil present on the surface. The device is designed to float on the water, where it could remotely monitor a small area susceptible to pollution or track the evolution of contamination at a particular location. […]

  • Finer raw cotton best for oil spill remediation, collaborative research shows
    on February 27, 2017 at 8:23 pm

    Cotton, a longtime staple crop on the South Plains and major part of the region’s economy, is growing into a new sector: environmental cleanup following oil spills. Now a new study concludes that finer raw cotton in loose form performs best for absorbing oil. […]

  • 6,600 spills from fracking in just four states
    on February 21, 2017 at 1:05 pm

    Each year, 2 to 16 percent of hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells spill hydrocarbons, chemical-laden water, hydraulic fracturing fluids and other substances, according to a new study. The analysis identified 6,648 spills reported across Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota and Pennsylvania during a 10-year period. […]

  • Fish affected by Deepwater Horizon spill give clues to air pollution heart disease
    on February 16, 2017 at 3:56 pm

    A study into the effects on fish of a 2010 oil disaster could shed new light on how air pollution affects humans' hearts, report scientists. […]

  • Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia
    on February 15, 2017 at 7:59 pm

    Young Coloradans diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia are more likely to live in areas of high-density oil and gas development compared to young Coloradans diagnosed with other types of cancer, according to researchers. […]

  • Oil production releases more methane than previously thought
    on February 1, 2017 at 2:26 pm

    Emissions of methane and ethane from oil production have been substantially higher than previously estimated, particularly before 2005. […]

  • Substance in crude oil harms fish hearts, could affect humans as well
    on January 31, 2017 at 6:37 pm

    Exposure to oil can cause severe cardiovascular effects in fish. Experiments provide direct evidence of how phenanthrene, an oil pollutant found in water, air and soil, causes irregular heartbeat and weaker contractions of heart cells. […]

  • The Deepwater Horizon aftermath
    on December 19, 2016 at 9:15 pm

    Researchers have analyzed 125 compounds from oil spilled in the Gulf of Mexico to determine their longevity at different contamination. […]

  • Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills
    on December 12, 2016 at 8:26 pm

    Oil spills could be cleaned up in the icy, rough waters of the Arctic with a chemically modified sawdust material that absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months. […]

  • Widespread land losses from 2010 Gulf oil spill, study finds
    on November 22, 2016 at 6:00 pm

    Dramatic, widespread shoreline loss is revealed in new NASA/U.S. Geological Survey annual maps of the Louisiana marshlands where the coastline was most heavily coated with oil during the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. […]

  • What happens to oil after a spill?
    on November 22, 2016 at 1:05 pm

    Very little is known about what happens to oil in the ocean after an oil spill and what happens to it once a chemical dispersant has been applied. New research summarizes what is known and what important knowledge gaps remain. Investigators note that there is a great need to study extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which are polymers released into the environment by microbes such as bacteria and phytoplankton in response to environmental stresses. […]

  • USGS estimates 20 billion barrels of oil in Texas' Wolfcamp Shale Formation
    on November 16, 2016 at 11:43 pm

    The Wolfcamp shale in the Midland Basin portion of Texas' Permian Basin province contains an estimated mean of 20 billion barrels of oil, 16 trillion cubic feet of associated natural gas, and 1.6 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, according to an assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. This estimate is for continuous (unconventional) oil, and consists of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources. […]

  • Deepwater Horizon oil shows up in sparrows
    on November 16, 2016 at 3:35 pm

    Scientists have identified the first evidence of Deepwater Horizon oil in a land animal - the Seaside Sparrow. The scientists analyzed the diet and feathers of sparrows collected more than a year after the oil spill. The birds that were captured in habitats that were exposed to the oil had a different chemical signature in their tissues than the birds that were found in areas of the marsh that were not exposed to the oil. […]

  • Fracking wastewater is mostly brines, not human-made fracking fluids
    on October 17, 2016 at 7:08 pm

    Human-made chemical-laden fracking fluids make up less than 8 percent of wastewater being produced by fracked wells; more than 92% of it is naturally occurring brines, which carry their own risks but may have beneficial re-uses, say investigators. […]

  • Deepwater Horizon oil spill impacted bluefin tuna spawning habitat in Gulf of Mexico
    on October 3, 2016 at 5:12 pm

    The release of 4 million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon disaster during peak spawning season for Atlantic bluefin tuna could have both near- and long-term impacts on the population, new research shows. […]

  • Catalyst for green biodiesel production from unrefined feedstock
    on October 3, 2016 at 1:42 pm

    A durable catalyst for green biodiesel production from low grade feedstock through one-step catalysis has been developed, report scientists. […]

  • Deepwater Horizon oil spill caused widespread marsh erosion, study shows
    on September 27, 2016 at 4:42 pm

    The Deepwater Horizon oil spill six years ago caused widespread marsh erosion that may be permanent in some places, according to a new analysis of 270 miles of the Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama coasts. At the hardest-hit of 103 Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) sites, where oil covered more than 90 percent of plants' stems, widespread die-off of grasses at the marsh edge occurred, followed by up to two years of accelerated erosion as dying plant roots lost their grip on marsh soil. […]

  • Nanofur for oil spill cleanup
    on August 23, 2016 at 12:35 pm

    Some water ferns can absorb large volumes of oil within a short time, because their leaves are strongly water-repellent and, at the same time, highly oil-absorbing. Researchers have found that the oil-binding capacity of the water plant results from the hairy microstructure of its leaves. It is now used as a model to further develop the new Nanofur material for the environmentally friendly cleanup of oil spills. […]

  • Scientists explore oil clean-up properties of aquatic ferns
    on August 17, 2016 at 1:10 pm

    Certain varieties of aquatic floating weeds demonstrate an impressive ability to selectively absorb oil from contaminated water. These plants, which are often regarded as a nuisance, could in fact provide an extremely convenient way of cleaning up messy oil spills, say scientists. […]

  • Crude oil causes heart and skull deformities in haddock
    on August 10, 2016 at 3:38 pm

    Even brief exposures of the eggs of Atlantic haddock to low concentrations of dispersed crude oil can cause severe and usually deadly deformities in developing fish, an international research team has found. […]

  • Newly discovered 'blue whirl' fire tornado burns cleaner for reduced emissions
    on August 5, 2016 at 1:21 pm

    Researchers say their discovery of a type of fire tornado they call a 'blue whirl' could lead to beneficial new approaches for reduced carbon emissions and improved oil spill cleanup. […]

  • Oil pollution a threat to haddock
    on July 28, 2016 at 2:18 pm

    Haddock is an important fish species that has its most important spawning ground in and around Norway’s northern Lofoten archipelago, where oil production is being planned. However, research now reveals that the roe and larvae of haddock are more susceptible to oil pollution than previously thought. […]

  • Effective monitoring to evaluate ecological restoration in the Gulf of Mexico
    on July 26, 2016 at 4:36 pm

    To improve and ensure the efficacy of restoration efforts in the Gulf of Mexico following Deepwater Horizon -- the largest oil spill in US history -- a new report recommends a set of best practices for monitoring and evaluating ecological restoration activities. […]