Science and Society

Science & Society News -- ScienceDaily Videos and stories on museum exhibits, theatrical performances, and a variety of cultural activities as well as the latest research on arts and culture.

  • Can Twitter aid disaster response? New research examines how
    on August 18, 2017 at 4:35 pm

    With over 500 million tweets sent every single day, new research is investigating innovative ways to use that data to help communities respond during unexpected catastrophes. […]

  • Flexibility at work key to helping women maintain careers after childbirth
    on August 18, 2017 at 2:23 pm

    Flexibility in the workplace is the key to helping women maintain their career trajectory after childbirth, new research has shown. […]

  • Data revealed under FOI shows benefits of MS drug currently blocked by regulators
    on August 18, 2017 at 1:36 pm

    A drug that is blocked by the EU regulatory system has now been found to improve the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study. […]

  • Right kind of collaboration is key to solving environmental problems
    on August 18, 2017 at 1:21 pm

    Society's ability to solve environmental problems is tied to how different actors collaborate and the shape and form of the networks they create, says a new study. […]

  • A better way to measure mortality trends?
    on August 17, 2017 at 8:20 pm

    A new study suggests long-term mortality trends may be better understood by focusing on life-years lost -- remaining life expectancy for a decedent -- instead of solely looking at cause of death. […]

  • Community health workers lead to better health, lower costs for Medicaid patients
    on August 17, 2017 at 8:20 pm

    As politicians struggle to solve the nation's healthcare problems, a new study finds a way to improve health and lower costs among Medicaid and uninsured patients. Researchers showed that patients who received support from community health workers (CHWs) had 30 percent fewer hospital admissions in one year compared to those who did not receive CHW support. The results also showed reductions in cigarette smoking, obesity, diabetes severity, and mental illness. […]

  • Loans Applications? New techniques to measure social bias in software
    on August 17, 2017 at 8:20 pm

    Today, banks are increasingly using software to decide who will get a loan, courts to judge who should be denied bail, and hospitals to choose treatments for patients. These uses of software make it critical that the software does not discriminate against groups or individuals, say computer science researchers. […]

  • Algal blooms cost Ohio homeowners $152 million over six years
    on August 17, 2017 at 6:17 pm

    Algal blooms at two Ohio lakes cost Ohio homeowners $152 million in lost property value over six years, researchers estimate. Meanwhile, a related study suggests that algae is driving anglers away from Lake Erie, causing fishing license sales to drop at least 10 percent every time a bloom reaches a moderate level of health risk. […]

  • Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making
    on August 17, 2017 at 6:17 pm

    If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn't your native tongue? Psychologists know communicating in a foreign language matters. In a new study, they take a major step toward understanding why. […]

  • Federal snack program does not yield expected impacts
    on August 17, 2017 at 5:11 pm

    A research team examined the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School regulation. The federal mandate was intended to replace unhealthy school snacks and beverages with more wholesome options, including fruits, vegetables, and packaged treats low in fat, sugar, and sodium. […]

  • Gender norms are still important for women's choice of college major
    on August 17, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    Traditional cultural norms about gendered roles and femininity still matter for women's choice of college major, according to new research. Researcher have shown how long-held cultural norms about femininity may contribute to ongoing gender segregation in academia, and to the college majors that women decide to pursue in particular. […]

  • Fish database could help eliminate the ultimate bait and switch
    on August 16, 2017 at 3:27 pm

    Fish fraud, the misrepresentation of cheaper fish as more expensive ones, is a rampant problem worldwide. Now scientists report that they are making strides toward the development of a protein database capable of definitively identifying fish species. This information could help nab imposters of salmon, tuna and other popular fish before they reach people's plates. […]

  • Elevated testosterone causes bull market trading
    on August 16, 2017 at 2:03 pm

    Testosterone directly impacts financial decisions that drive prices up and destabilize markets, research has shown for the first time. […]

  • Research agenda for microbiomes, indoor environments, and human health
    on August 16, 2017 at 2:03 pm

    Even with a growing body of research on microorganisms and humans in indoor environments, many of their interconnections remain unknown, says a new report. The report proposes a research agenda to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the formation, dynamics, and functions of indoor microbiomes that can guide improvements to current and future buildings as well as enhance human health and well-being. […]

  • Starting opioid addiction treatment in the ED is cost-effective
    on August 16, 2017 at 2:02 pm

    The most cost-effective treatment for people with untreated opioid addiction who visit the emergency department (ED) is buprenorphine, a medication to reduce drug cravings and withdrawal, say researchers. […]

  • Voter behavior influenced by hot weather
    on August 16, 2017 at 2:02 pm

    Hot weather can affect human behavior and has been linked to political rebellions and riots. A new study, the first to examine the influence of changes in temperature on peaceful and democratic political behavior, finds that voter behavior can change with increases in state-level temperature. For every 10C rise in temperature, voter turnout increased by 1.4 percent. In addition, when the weather was warmer, citizens chose to vote for the incumbent party. […]

  • Raising the minimum wage would reduce child neglect cases
    on August 16, 2017 at 12:49 pm

    Raising the minimum wage by $1 per hour would result in a substantial decrease in the number of reported cases of child neglect, according to a new study. […]

  • Detecting a concealed weapon or threat is not easy, even for experienced police officers
    on August 15, 2017 at 4:14 pm

    Terrorist attacks and bombings at concerts, sporting events and airports underscore the need for accurate and reliable threat detection. However, the likelihood of a police officer identifying someone concealing a gun or bomb is only slightly better than chance, according to new research. […]

  • 'Accelerated approval' drugs: How well are they studied?
    on August 15, 2017 at 3:10 pm

    Researchers have examined the pre-approval and post-approval clinical trials of drugs granted FDA Accelerated Approval between 2009 and 2013. […]

  • Understanding alternative reasons for denying climate change could help bridge divide
    on August 15, 2017 at 1:50 pm

    Scientists have explored alternative reasons for climate change denial, specifically economic, social or cultural influences on why individuals or entire communities remain skeptical of climate change. […]

  • Ozone treaty taking a bite out of US greenhouse gas emissions
    on August 14, 2017 at 4:10 pm

    The Montreal Protocol, the international treaty adopted to restore Earth's protective ozone layer in 1989, has significantly reduced emissions of ozone-depleting chemicals from the United States. In a twist, a new study shows the 30-year old treaty has had a major side benefit of reducing climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions from the US. […]

  • American workplace is physically and emotionally taxing, survey finds
    on August 14, 2017 at 1:28 pm

    Relatively little is know about how Americans view their workplace, despite its major role in their lives. One of the most in-depth surveys ever done on the topic finds that the American workplace is physically and emotionally taxing, with workers frequently facing unstable work schedules, unpleasant and potentially hazardous working conditions, and an often hostile social environment. […]

  • 'Smiley' emojis in formal workplace e-mails could create frowns
    on August 14, 2017 at 1:27 pm

    A smiley face emoji and similar emoticons included in work-related e-mails may not create a positive impression and could even undermine information sharing, according to a new study. […]

  • Breast cancer study in India shows how the country can avoid crisis
    on August 14, 2017 at 1:27 pm

    A new study examining breast cancer awareness in India has found that a lack of early diagnosis is leading the country towards an epidemic. They found that educating men could be key to encouraging women to seek help earlier. […]

  • Links between parents' earnings, gender roles, mental health
    on August 12, 2017 at 8:00 pm

    New research suggests that some mothers' and fathers' psychological well-being may suffer when their work and family identities - and the amount of financial support they provide - conflict with conventional gender roles. […]

  • Highly hazardous pesticides: Bans not secure storage
    on August 11, 2017 at 10:38 pm

    Global policies on access to highly hazardous pesticides -- commonly ingested in acts of self-poisoning and suicide in rural Asia -- should focus on national bans, rather than safe storage, according to two new studies. […]

  • Machine learning helps spot counterfeit consumer products
    on August 11, 2017 at 4:48 pm

    A team of researchers has developed a new mechanism that uses machine-learning algorithms to distinguish between genuine and counterfeit versions of the same product. […]

  • Stark increase in opioid-related admissions, deaths in nation's ICUs
    on August 11, 2017 at 12:50 pm

    In one of the first efforts to quantify the impact of opioid abuse on intensive care units on United States' hospitals, a new study revealed that opioid-related demand for acute care services has outstripped the available supply. […]

  • AI, crowdsourcing combine to close 'analogy gap'
    on August 10, 2017 at 6:57 pm

    Researchers have devised a method enabling computers to mine databases of patents, inventions and research papers, identifying ideas that can be repurposed to solve new problems or create new products. […]

  • Being bullied may dramatically affect sleep
    on August 10, 2017 at 6:57 pm

    New research, using a mouse model simulating human bullying, suggests that being bullied produces long-lasting, depression-like sleep dysfunction and other effects on daily biological rhythms. […]