Science and Society

Science & Society News -- ScienceDaily Videos and stories on museum exhibits, theatrical performances, and a variety of cultural activities as well as the latest research on arts and culture.

  • MRSA risk at northeast Ohio beaches
    on December 14, 2017 at 8:33 pm

    A study conducted in 2015 shows a higher-than-expected prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at beaches around Lake Erie. […]

  • Bosses who 'phone snub' their employees risk losing trust, engagement
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:45 pm

    Supervisors who cannot tear themselves away from their smartphones while meeting with employees risk losing their employees' trust and, ultimately, their engagement, according to new research. […]

  • Effects of climate change could accelerate by mid-century
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:45 pm

    Environmental models are showing that the effects of climate change could be much stronger by the middle of the 21st century, and a number of ecosystem and weather conditions could consistently decline even more in the future. […]

  • Newly declassified nuclear test videos released
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:21 pm

    Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) released 62 newly declassified videos today of atmospheric nuclear tests films that have never before been seen by the public. […]

  • Do bullies have more sex?
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:08 pm

    Adolescents who are willing to exploit others for personal gain are more likely to bully and have sex than those who score higher on a measure of honesty and humility. […]

  • Researchers shine a spotlight on illegal wild orchid trade
    on December 14, 2017 at 3:15 pm

    Large-scale commercial trade of wild orchids is a pressing, but little-recognized conservation problem, according to researchers. […]

  • Journaling inspires altruism through an attitude of gratitude
    on December 14, 2017 at 3:08 pm

    Gratitude does more than help maintain good health. New research finds that regularly noting feelings of gratitude in a journal leads to increased altruism. […]

  • Forty years after first Ebola outbreak, survivors show signs they can stave off new infection
    on December 14, 2017 at 3:08 pm

    Survivors of the first known Ebola outbreak, which occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1976, may be key to development of vaccines and therapeutic drugs to treat future outbreaks. Researchers located the 14 Ebola survivors of the 1976 outbreak who, in January 2016, were still living in the same small, remote villages in the forests of the Équateur Province of northwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. […]

  • Tailgating doesn't get you there faster: Study
    on December 14, 2017 at 2:23 pm

    We've all experienced "phantom traffic jams" that arise without any apparent cause. Researchers recently showed that we'd have fewer if we made one small change to how we drive: no more tailgating. […]

  • Vaping popular among teens; opioid misuse at historic lows
    on December 14, 2017 at 2:22 pm

    Nearly one in three 12th-graders report past year use of some kind of vaping device, raising concerns about the impact on their health. What they say is in the device, however, ranges from nicotine, to marijuana, to 'just flavoring.' The survey also suggests that use of hookahs and regular cigarettes is declining. These findings come from the 2017 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey of eighth, 10th and 12th graders in schools nationwide in the United States. […]

  • Exposure to terror may increase risk of migraine, other headaches
    on December 13, 2017 at 9:11 pm

    Survivors of a terror attack have an increased risk of frequent migraine and tension headaches after the attack, according to a new study. […]

  • Graphic anti-smoking posters may encourage some teens to begin smoking cigarettes
    on December 13, 2017 at 9:11 pm

    One anti-smoking strategy promoted by tobacco opponents is the display of graphic posters depicting the consequences of tobacco-caused diseases. However, a new study finds that exposing teens to such graphic anti-smoking posters actually may increase the risk that some start smoking. […]

  • How well will the flu vaccine work this winter?
    on December 13, 2017 at 9:09 pm

    Scientists have predicted which H3N2 variants would become 'vaccine resistant', and this prediction has been confirmed during the 2017 Australian flu season. The results published suggest that the current flu vaccine will work better during the 2018 US flu season than the 2017 Australian flu season. […]

  • World e-waste rises 8 percent by weight in 2 years as incomes rise, prices fall: UN-backed report
    on December 13, 2017 at 7:37 pm

    The world's e-waste -- discarded products with a battery or plug -- reached a staggering 44.7 million metric tonnes in 2016 -- up 3.3 Mt or 8 percent from 2014. In 2016 world e-waste -- everything from end-of-life refrigerators and television sets to solar panels, mobile phones and computers -- equaled in weight almost nine Great Pyramids of Giza, or 1.23 million fully loaded 18-wheel 40-ton trucks, enough to form a line from New York to Bangkok and back. […]

  • Hydraulic fracturing negatively impacts infant health, study finds
    on December 13, 2017 at 7:37 pm

    Health risks increase for infants born to mothers living within 2 miles of a hydraulic fracturing site, according to a new study. […]

  • Women get less credit than men in the workplace
    on December 13, 2017 at 6:02 pm

    New research suggests that women receive less credit for speaking up in the workplace than their male counterparts. […]

  • Default choices matter, especially for poorer, less educated individuals, study shows
    on December 13, 2017 at 5:00 pm

    Researchers took advantage of a resulting federal lawsuit against a fraudulent company to test default choice architecture when the optimal choice was clear: end the subscriptions. […]

  • Alcohol taxes are too low, have not kept up with inflation
    on December 13, 2017 at 2:55 pm

    State alcohol excise taxes are typically only a few cents per drink and have not kept pace with inflation, according to a new study. Raising those taxes represents an opportunity for states to increase revenues while simultaneously improving public health outcomes and costs related to excessive alcohol consumption. […]

  • Researchers develop new model to predict which universities student athletes will attend
    on December 12, 2017 at 11:41 pm

    With revenue from college football at an unprecedented $3.4 billion annually, universities across the country invest millions each year in recruitment efforts for high school football players. But with talented players typically receiving multiple scholarship offers, team rosters are in limbo until student athletes commit to a university. However, a new study shares how social media can provide universities with valuable insight into the decision-making process of their recruits. […]

  • Trust in e-cigarette safety varies by worldview, source of messaging
    on December 12, 2017 at 5:54 pm

    Public health messaging about the safety of e-cigarettes needs to account for the worldviews of the target audience, with different groups displaying varying levels of trust depending on the source of the message, according to a recent study. […]

  • Suburban ponds are a septic buffet
    on December 12, 2017 at 5:54 pm

    Human waste accounts for a high percentage of nutrients consumed by some animals and plants in suburban ponds, new research indicates. Researchers found that residential, suburban land use is altering the dynamics of the food chain, as well as where nutrients originate and how they move through pond ecosystems. […]

  • African immigrants: How race and gender shape the American dream
    on December 12, 2017 at 5:51 pm

    Africans represent one of the fastest-growing immigrant groups in the United States, but women far outpace men for securing high-skilled jobs and earnings growth, indicates a new study. […]

  • New instrument identifies unexploded artillery shells
    on December 12, 2017 at 3:57 pm

    Society faces threats through the malicious use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and/or explosive (CBRNE) materials. The detection of illicit trafficking or other criminal acts, as well as many security and safety applications, call for novel material analysis techniques and instruments. These detection systems should be non-destructive but still be able to detect and identify the threat objects, even from inside a shielding or masking enclosure. Active interrogation methods that use penetrative particle beams can reveal the presence of CBRNE materials. […]

  • How errors affect credibility of online reviews
    on December 12, 2017 at 12:27 am

    Shoppers increasingly consult online reviews before making holiday purchases. But how do they decide which reviewers to trust? Consumer trust in online reviews is influenced by spelling errors and typos, research shows. But how much those errors influence each consumer depends on the type of error and that consumer's general tendency to trust others. […]

  • Social media trends can predict tipping points in vaccine scares
    on December 11, 2017 at 8:28 pm

    Analyzing trends on Twitter and Google can help predict vaccine scares that can lead to disease outbreaks, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. […]

  • Violence a matter of scale, not quantity, researchers show
    on December 11, 2017 at 8:28 pm

    Are societies more or less violent today than they were thousands of years ago? It's a matter of scale, researchers show. In a new study, researchers present an expanded data set showing that the larger the population of a society, the smaller its war group size, proportionally, and the fewer casualties in a conflict. […]

  • Medicaid expansion popular among Americans connected to program
    on December 11, 2017 at 7:04 pm

    A concerted effort by Republicans in Congress to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act hit a surprising road block earlier this year: strong pushback against cuts to Medicaid. According to new findings, Medicaid is now seen as an important part of the middle-class social safety net, thanks to nearly 60 percent of Americans being connected to the program directly or through a family member or close friend. […]

  • Injuries from window blinds send two children to the emergency department every day
    on December 11, 2017 at 6:55 pm

    Almost 17,000 children under six years of age were treated in hospital emergency departments in the US for window blind-related injuries from 1990 through 2015, averaging almost two per day. While the majority of children were treated and released, there was about one child death each month -- most from strangulation when a child became entangled by the neck in a window blind cord. […]

  • Presenting facts as 'consensus' bridges conservative-liberal divide over climate change
    on December 11, 2017 at 5:04 pm

    New evidence shows that 'social facts' highlighting expert consensus changes perceptions across US political spectrum -- particularly among highly educated conservatives. Facts that encourage agreement are a promising way of cutting through today's 'post-truth' bluster, say psychologists. […]

  • Health warnings on cigarettes could deter young people
    on December 11, 2017 at 5:03 pm

    Young people are less likely to try cigarettes with the printed health warning 'Smoking kills' on each stick than standard cigarettes, according to a new study. […]