Science and Society

Science & Society News -- ScienceDaily Videos and stories on museum exhibits, theatrical performances, and a variety of cultural activities as well as the latest research on arts and culture.

  • Be concerned about how apps collect, share health data, expert says
    on October 19, 2017 at 9:16 pm

    Americans should be concerned about how health and wellness apps collect, save and share their personal health data, a medical media expert says. […]

  • Eye-catching labels stigmatize many healthy foods
    on October 19, 2017 at 9:16 pm

    Labels such as organic, fair-trade and cage free may be eye-catching but are often free of any scientific basis and stigmatize many healthy foods, a new study found. […]

  • Three million Americans carry loaded handguns daily, study finds
    on October 19, 2017 at 8:42 pm

    An estimated 3 million adult American handgun owners carry a firearm loaded and on their person on a daily basis, and 9 million do so on a monthly basis, new research indicates. The vast majority cited protection as their primary reason for carrying a firearm. It is the first research in more than 20 years to scrutinize why, how often, and in what manner US adults carry loaded handguns. […]

  • Three-quarters of the total insect population lost in protected nature reserves
    on October 19, 2017 at 4:18 pm

    Since 1989, in 63 nature reserves in Germany the total biomass of flying insects has decreased by more than 75 percent. This decrease has long been suspected but has turned out to be more severe than previously thought. […]

  • Six degrees of separation: Why it is a small world after all
    on October 19, 2017 at 3:10 pm

    This study examines how small-world networks occur within bigger and more complex structures. […]

  • The best hedge fund managers are not psychopaths or narcissists, according to new study
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    When it comes to financial investments, hedge fund managers higher in 'dark triad' personality traits -- psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism -- perform more poorly than their peers, according to new personality psychology research. The difference is a little less than 1 percent annually compared to their peers, but with large investments over several years that slight underperformance can add up. […]

  • Phones keeping students from concentrating during lectures
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:08 pm

    Daily, people spend over three hours on their phones. While ever-smarter digital devices have made many aspects of our lives more efficient, a growing body of evidence suggests that, by continuously distracting us, they are harming our ability to concentrate. Studies across the world show that students constantly use their phones when they are in class. A strong body of evidence suggests that media use during lectures is associated with lower academic performance. […]

  • What characteristics do school shooters share?
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    Boys involved in school shootings often struggle to live up to what they perceive as their school's ideals surrounding masculinity. When socially shunned at school, they develop deep-set grudges against their classmates and teachers. The shooters become increasingly angry, depressed, and more violent in their gendered practice. A shooting rampage is their ultimate performance, according to experts. […]

  • New light shed on early turquoise mining in Southwest
    on October 18, 2017 at 7:18 pm

    Researchers are blending archaeology and geochemistry to get a more complete picture of turquoise's mining and distribution in the pre-Hispanic Southwest. […]

  • For $1000, anyone can purchase online ads to track your location and app use
    on October 18, 2017 at 4:41 pm

    New research finds that for a budget of roughly $1000, it is possible for someone to track your location and app use by purchasing and targeting mobile ads. The team hopes to raise industry awareness about the potential privacy threat. […]

  • Illinois sportfish recovery a result of 1972 Clean Water Act, scientists report
    on October 18, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Populations of largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish and other sportfish are at the highest levels recorded in more than a century in the Illinois River, according to a new report. Their dramatic recovery, from populations close to zero near Chicago throughout much of the 20th century, began just after implementation of the Clean Water Act, the researchers say. […]

  • Mass killings happen randomly, yet rate has remained steady, study finds
    on October 18, 2017 at 3:35 pm

    Mass killings may have increasing news coverage, but the events themselves have happened at a steady rate for more than a decade, according to a new study. Furthermore, some types of mass-killing events seem to occur randomly over time, making prediction difficult and response crucial. […]

  • Life in the city: Living near a forest keeps your amygdala healthier
    on October 18, 2017 at 3:35 pm

    A new study examined the relationship between the availability of nature near city dwellers' homes and their brain health. Its findings are relevant for urban planners among others. […]

  • Reducing power plants' freshwater consumption with new silica filter
    on October 18, 2017 at 3:35 pm

    Power plants draw more freshwater than any other consumer in the United States, accounting for more than 50 percent of the nation's freshwater use at about 500 billion gallons daily. To help save this water, researchers have developed a new silica filter for power plant cooling waters that decreases the amount of freshwater power plants consume by increasing the number of times cooling tower water can be reused and recycled. […]

  • High risk of injury in young elite athletes
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:09 pm

    Every week, an average of three in every ten adolescent elite athletes suffer an injury. Worst affected are young women, and the risk of injury increases with low self-esteem, especially in combination with less sleep and higher training volume and intensity, research from in Sweden shows. […]

  • Art advancing science at the nanoscale
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:02 pm

    Could studying molecular biology ever be as fun as watching a Star Wars movie? Two scientists decided to create their own science film to entertain viewers, and ended up making new scientific discoveries in the process. The researchers-turned-filmmakers used a novel combination of computer animation and simulation softwares to create a scientific model that is accurate down to the atomic scale, and hope that their success inspires more scientists to approach their work like artists. […]

  • Arsenic in domestic well water could affect 2 million people in the US
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:02 pm

    Clean drinking water can be easy to take for granted if your home taps into treated water sources. But more than 44 million people in the U.S. get their water from private domestic wells, which are largely unregulated. Of those, a new report estimates that about 2 million people could be exposed to high levels of naturally occurring arsenic in their water. […]

  • New Amazon threat? Deforestation from mining
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:02 pm

    Sprawling mining operations in Brazil have caused roughly 10 percent of all Amazon rainforest deforestation between 2005 and 2015 -- much higher than previous estimates -- says the first comprehensive study of mining deforestation in the iconic tropical rainforest. Surprisingly, the majority of mining deforestation (a full 90%) occurred outside the mining leases granted by Brazil's government, the new study finds. […]

  • New simple method determines rate at which we burn calories walking up, down, flat
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    A new way to predict the energy a person expends walking will help predict and monitor the physiological status of walkers, including foot soldiers. Researchers have developed the Army-funded method, which significantly improves on two existing standards, and relies on three readily available variables. Accurate prediction is important because the rate at which people burn calories walking can vary tenfold depending on speed, carried load and whether uphill, at-grade or downhill. […]

  • Chocolate production linked to increased deforestation in poor nations
    on October 17, 2017 at 8:36 pm

    Newly published research focuses on the link between cocoa exports and deforestation in developing nations. […]

  • Amazonian hunters deplete wildlife but don't empty forests
    on October 17, 2017 at 7:31 pm

    Conservationists can be 'cautiously optimistic' about the prospect of sustainable subsistence hunting by Amazonian communities, according to new research. The research team spent over a year working with 60 Amazonian communities and hiked for miles through trackless forests to deploy nearly 400 motion-activated camera traps -- in a bid to understand which species are depleted by hunting and where. […]

  • New examination of occupational licensing contradicts decades of research
    on October 17, 2017 at 7:30 pm

    From doctors to engineers to carpet layers to massage therapists, more than one in three Americans is required to hold a license to work in their occupation. Broad consensus among researchers holds that licensure creates wage premiums by establishing economic monopolies, but according to research, licensure does not limit competition nor does it increase wages. […]

  • Preservation for the (digital) ages
    on October 17, 2017 at 4:43 pm

    Researchers working with classicists and computer scientists have developed a method to preserve digital humanities databases. The preservation strategy allows scholars to re-launch a database application in a variety of environments -- from individual computers, to virtual machines, to future web servers -- without compromising its interactive features. […]

  • A new way to test body armor
    on October 17, 2017 at 3:43 pm

    In response to several high profile body armor failures, researchers have developed a new and extremely reliable way to test the ballistic fibers used in body armor. […]

  • Nearly half of US medical care comes from emergency rooms
    on October 17, 2017 at 1:18 pm

    Nearly half of all US medical care is delivered by emergency departments, according to a new study. In recent years, the percentage of care delivered by emergency departments has grown. The paper highlights the major role played by emergency rooms in US health care. […]

  • Attending a middle vs K-8 school matters for student outcomes
    on October 16, 2017 at 11:05 pm

    Students who attend a middle school compared to a K-8 school are likely to have a lower perception of their reading skills, finds a new study. […]

  • During crisis, exposure to conflicting information and stress linked, studies find
    on October 16, 2017 at 11:05 pm

    Exposure to high rates of conflicting information during an emergency is linked to increased levels of stress, and those who rely on text messages or social media reports from unofficial sources are more frequently exposed to rumors and experience greater distress, according to research. […]

  • Tweeting rage: How immigration policies can polarize public discourse
    on October 16, 2017 at 6:48 pm

    A study of tweets in the months before and after the 2010 passage of Arizona's "show me your papers" law, findings showed that the average tweet about Mexican immigrants and Hispanics, in general, became more negative. Researchers said the social media data was useful in determining whether people had changed their attitudes about immigrants as a result of the law or whether they had begun behaving differently. […]

  • Women in science ask fewer questions than men, according to new research
    on October 16, 2017 at 6:24 pm

    Stereotypes suggest that women love to talk, with some studies even finding that women say three times as much as men. But, new research shows there is an exception to this rule: professional STEM events, which could be indicative of the wider problem of gender inequality in the field. […]

  • Break the attachment before selling your stuff
    on October 16, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    Ever tried to sell something you've owned for a while on Craigslist and found that no one is willing to pony up what you're asking? It's because you're asking too much. […]