Space Exploration

Space Exploration News -- ScienceDaily Space Exploration History and Space Exploration News. See the best astronomy images and browse the latest articles on space exploration. Updated daily.

  • Artificial intelligence, NASA data used to discover eighth planet circling distant star
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:14 pm

    Our solar system now is tied for most number of planets around a single star, with the recent discovery of an eighth planet circling Kepler-90, a Sun-like star 2,545 light years from Earth. The planet was discovered in data from NASA's Kepler Space Telescope. […]

  • Dawn of a galactic collision
    on December 14, 2017 at 7:07 pm

    A riot of color and light dances through this peculiarly shaped galaxy, NGC 5256. Its smoke-like plumes are flung out in all directions and the bright core illuminates the chaotic regions of gas and dust swirling through the galaxy's center. Its odd structure is due to the fact that this is not one galaxy, but two -- in the process of a galactic collision. […]

  • Doing without dark energy
    on December 14, 2017 at 3:08 pm

    Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of 'dark energy.' Einstein's original equations for General Relativity actually predict cosmic acceleration due to an 'instability,' they argue in a new paper. […]

  • Spanning disciplines in the search for life beyond Earth
    on December 13, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    Following a gold rush of exoplanet discovery, the next step in the search for life is determining which of the known exoplanets are proper candidates for life -- and for this, a cross-disciplinary approach is essential. […]

  • Mars mission sheds light on habitability of distant planets
    on December 13, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    Insights from NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution, or MAVEN, mission about the loss of the Red Planet's atmosphere can help scientists understand the habitability of rocky planets orbiting other stars. […]

  • Giant storms cause palpitations in Saturn's atmospheric heartbeat
    on December 13, 2017 at 5:00 pm

    Immense northern storms on Saturn can disturb atmospheric patterns at the planet's equator, finds the international Cassini mission. […]

  • Stellar nursery blooms into view
    on December 13, 2017 at 2:55 pm

    The OmegaCAM camera on ESO's VLT Survey Telescope has captured this glittering view of the stellar nursery called Sharpless 29. Many astronomical phenomena can be seen in this giant image, including cosmic dust and gas clouds that reflect, absorb, and re-emit the light of hot young stars within the nebula. […]

  • Bright areas on Ceres suggest geologic activity
    on December 12, 2017 at 10:10 pm

    If you could fly aboard NASA's Dawn spacecraft, the surface of dwarf planet Ceres would generally look quite dark, but with notable exceptions. These exceptions are the hundreds of bright areas that stand out in images Dawn has returned. Now, scientists have a better sense of how these reflective areas formed and changed over time -- processes indicative of an active, evolving world. […]

  • Hubble's celestial snow globe
    on December 12, 2017 at 7:19 pm

    It's beginning to look a lot like the holiday season in this Hubble Space Telescope image of a blizzard of stars, which resembles a swirling snowstorm in a snow globe. The stars are residents of the globular star cluster Messier 79 (also known as M79 or NGC 1904), located 41,000 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Lepus. […]

  • Electrical and chemical coupling between Saturn and its rings
    on December 12, 2017 at 7:17 pm

    A Langmuir probe, flown to Saturn on the Cassini spacecraft, has made exciting discoveries in the atmosphere of the planet. They discovered that there is a strong coupling, both chemically and electrically, between the atmosphere of Saturn and its rings. […]

  • Life's building blocks observed in spacelike environment
    on December 12, 2017 at 5:54 pm

    Where do the molecules required for life originate? It may be that small organic molecules first appeared on earth and were later combined into larger molecules, such as proteins and carbohydrates. But a second possibility is that they originated in space, possibly within our solar system. A new study shows that a number of small organic molecules can form in a cold, spacelike environment full of radiation. […]

  • Telescopes team up to study giant galaxy
    on December 12, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    Astronomers have used two Australian radio telescopes and several optical telescopes to study complex mechanisms that are fuelling jets of material blasting away from a black hole 55 million times more massive than the Sun. […]

  • Unravelling the mysteries of extragalactic jets
    on December 11, 2017 at 5:04 pm

    Researchers have mathematically examined plasma jets from supermassive black holes to determine why certain types of jets disintegrate into huge plumes. […]

  • Black holes' magnetism surprisingly wimpy
    on December 7, 2017 at 7:16 pm

    Black holes are famous for their muscle: an intense gravitational pull known to gobble up entire stars and launch streams of matter into space at almost the speed of light. It turns out the reality may not live up to the hype. […]

  • Galaxy growth in a massive halo in the first billion years of cosmic history
    on December 7, 2017 at 7:07 pm

    Observations of two galaxies made with the National Science Foundation-funded Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) radio telescope suggest that large galaxies formed faster than scientists had previously thought. […]

  • Mars' atmosphere well protected from the solar wind
    on December 7, 2017 at 7:05 pm

    Despite the absence of a global Earth-like magnetic dipole, the Martian atmosphere is well protected from the effects of the solar wind on ion escape from the planet. New research shows this using measurements from the Swedish particle instrument ASPERA-3 on the Mars Express spacecraft. […]

  • NASA's SuperTIGER balloon flies again to study heavy cosmic particles
    on December 6, 2017 at 9:22 pm

    A science team in Antarctica is preparing to fly SuperTIGER, a balloon-borne instrument designed to collect heavy high-energy particles from beyond the solar system that constantly bombard Earth's atmosphere. […]

  • Clay minerals on Mars may have formed in primordial steam bath
    on December 6, 2017 at 6:22 pm

    New research suggests that the bulk of clay minerals on Mars could have been formed as the planet's crust cooled and solidified, not by later interactions with water on the surface as has long been assumed. […]

  • ALMA finds massive primordial galaxies swimming in vast ocean of dark matter
    on December 6, 2017 at 6:20 pm

    New observations push back the epoch of massive-galaxy formation even further by identifying two giant galaxies seen when the universe was only 780 million years old, or about 5 percent its current age. […]

  • NASA telescope studies quirky comet 45P
    on December 5, 2017 at 10:02 pm

    When comet 45P zipped past Earth early in 2017, researchers observing from NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility, or IRTF, in Hawai'i gave the long-time trekker a thorough astronomical checkup. The results help fill in crucial details about ices in Jupiter-family comets and reveal that quirky 45P doesn't quite match any comet studied so far. […]

  • Two Super-Earths around red dwarf K2-18
    on December 5, 2017 at 4:59 pm

    New research has revealed that a little-known exoplanet called K2-18b could well be a scaled-up version of Earth. Just as exciting, the same researchers also discovered for the first time that the planet has a neighbor. […]

  • WASP-18b has smothering stratosphere without water
    on December 5, 2017 at 3:41 pm

    Scientists have found evidence that the oversized planet WASP-18b is wrapped in a smothering stratosphere loaded with carbon monoxide and devoid of water. […]

  • The bacterial community on the International Space Station resembles homes
    on December 5, 2017 at 2:15 pm

    Microbiologists have analyzed swabs taken by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) and compared them with samples from homes on earth as well as the Human Microbiome Project. This work, part of a nationwide citizen science project called Project MERCCURI, found that the microbial community in this unique habitat was very diverse and more closely resembled that of homes than of humans. […]

  • Astronomer's map reveals location of mysterious fast-moving gas
    on December 4, 2017 at 2:12 pm

    The most detailed map ever of clouds of high-velocity gas in the universe around us has now been developed by scientsits. The map covers the entire sky and shows curious clouds of neutral hydrogen gas that are moving at a different speed to the normal rotation of the Milky Way. […]

  • Voyager 1 fires up thrusters after 37 years
    on December 2, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    A set of thrusters aboard the Voyager 1 spacecraft successfully fired up Wednesday after 37 years without use. Since 2014, engineers have noticed that the thrusters Voyager 1 has been using to orient the spacecraft, called "attitude control thrusters," have been degrading. […]

  • Turbulence in astrophysical plasmas
    on December 1, 2017 at 5:29 pm

    Researchers provides better explanations of the turbulent behavior of plasmas in space. […]

  • Blowing in the stellar wind: Scientists reduce the chances of life on exoplanets in so-called...
    on November 30, 2017 at 11:00 pm

    A new article describes the detrimental impact of stellar wind on the atmosphere of exoplanets. […]

  • MUSE probes uncharted depths of Hubble Ultra Deep Field
    on November 29, 2017 at 2:02 pm

    Astronomers using the MUSE instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope in Chile have conducted the deepest spectroscopic survey ever. They focused on the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, measuring distances and properties of 1600 very faint galaxies including 72 galaxies that have never been detected before. This wealth of new information is giving astronomers insight into star formation in the early Universe. […]

  • Why is massive star formation quenched in galaxy centers?
    on November 28, 2017 at 5:33 pm

    A new study proposes that one of the reasons that slows down the rate at which massive stars form in galaxies is the existence of relatively large magnetic fields. Research has revealed that this process occurs around the center of the galaxy NGC 1097. […]

  • First proper motions measured of stars in a small galaxy outside the Milky Way
    on November 27, 2017 at 5:47 pm

    By combining data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Gaia mission, astronomers have been able to measure the proper motion of 15 stars in the Sculptor Galaxy, the first such measurement outside the Milky Way. Analysis shows an unexpected preference in the direction of movement, which suggests that the standard theoretical models used to describe the motion of stars and dark matter halos in other galaxies might be invalid. […]