Space Exploration

Space Exploration News -- ScienceDaily Space Exploration History and Space Exploration News. See the best astronomy images and browse the latest articles on space exploration. Updated daily.

  • NASA's MAVEN mission finds Mars has a twisted magnetic tail
    on October 19, 2017 at 10:18 pm

    Mars has an invisible magnetic 'tail' that is twisted by interaction with the solar wind, according to new research using data from NASA's MAVEN spacecraft. […]

  • New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds
    on October 19, 2017 at 10:18 pm

    New NASA research is helping to refine our understanding of candidate planets beyond our solar system that might support life. […]

  • Noxious ice cloud on Saturn's moon Titan
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    Researchers with NASA's Cassini mission found evidence of a toxic hybrid ice in a wispy cloud high above the south pole of Saturn's largest moon, Titan. […]

  • A solar flare recorded from Spain in 1886
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    Satellites have detected powerful solar flares in the last two months, but this phenomenon has been recorded for over a century. On Sept. 10, 1886, at the age of just 17, a young amateur astronomer using a modest telescope observed from Madrid one of these sudden flashes in a sunspot. […]

  • Solar eruptions could electrify Martian moons
    on October 18, 2017 at 4:41 pm

    Powerful solar eruptions could electrically charge areas of the Martian moon Phobos to hundreds of volts, presenting a complex electrical environment that could possibly affect sensitive electronics carried by future robotic explorers, according to a new NASA study. The study also considered electrical charges that could develop as astronauts transit the surface on potential human missions to Phobos. […]

  • A mission to Mars could make its own oxygen thanks to plasma technology
    on October 18, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    Plasma technology could hold the key to creating a sustainable oxygen supply on Mars, a new study has found. It suggests that Mars, with its 96 per cent carbon dioxide atmosphere, has nearly ideal conditions for creating oxygen from CO2 through a process known as decomposition. […]

  • Potential human habitat located on the moon
    on October 18, 2017 at 2:43 pm

    A new study confirms the existence of a large open lava tube in the Marius Hills region of the moon, which could be used to protect astronauts from hazardous conditions on the surface. […]

  • Space greens beat the blues
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:11 pm

    Where people will go in the cosmos, plants will go, say researchers. Plants may also play a key role in maintaining the psychological well-being of space crews. The next frontier of space plant experimentation is to examine the psychological impact of plant life on astronauts. […]

  • How bright is the moon, really?
    on October 17, 2017 at 8:37 pm

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is planning to take new measurements of the Moon's brightness, a highly useful property that satellites rely upon every day. […]

  • To keep Saturn's A ring contained, its moons stand united
    on October 17, 2017 at 4:43 pm

    For three decades, astronomers thought that only Saturn's moon Janus confined the planet's A ring -- the largest and farthest of the visible rings. But after poring over NASA's Cassini mission data, astronomers now conclude that the teamwork of seven moons keeps this ring corralled. […]

  • Study shows how water could have flowed on 'cold and icy' ancient Mars
    on October 17, 2017 at 3:43 pm

    Research by planetary scientists finds that periodic melting of ice sheets on a cold early Mars would have created enough water to carve the ancient valleys and lakebeds seen on the planet today. […]

  • Looking for microbe 'fingerprints' on simulated Martian rocks
    on October 17, 2017 at 3:01 pm

    Scientists are searching for unique bio-signatures left on synthetic extraterrestrial minerals by microbial activity. A new paper describes investigations into these signatures at a miniaturized 'Mars farm' where researchers can observe interactions between the archaeon Metallosphaera sedula and Mars-like rocks. These microbes are capable of oxidizing and integrating metals into their metabolism. […]

  • Catch a fleeting kilonova
    on October 16, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    Alerted by the first-ever gravitational waves caused by two neutron stars merging, astronomers detect the resulting optical flash. […]

  • Seeing the light of neutron star collisions
    on October 16, 2017 at 4:21 pm

    When two neutron stars collided on Aug. 17, a widespread search for electromagnetic radiation from the event led to observations of light from the afterglow of the explosion, finally connecting a gravitational-wave-producing event with conventional astronomy using light, according to an international team of astronomers. […]

  • Hubble observes source of gravitational waves for the first time
    on October 16, 2017 at 4:21 pm

    The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has observed for the first time the source of a gravitational wave, created by the merger of two neutron stars. This merger created a kilonova -- an object predicted by theory decades ago -- that ejects heavy elements such as gold and platinum into space. This event also provides the strongest evidence yet that short duration gamma-ray bursts are caused by mergers of neutron stars. […]

  • Gravitational waves plus new clues from space reveal new way to make a black hole
    on October 16, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    For the first time, scientists have detected both gravitational waves and light shooting toward our planet from the birthplace of a new black hole created by the merger of two neutron stars. The discovery marks the beginning of a new era of […]

  • Gamma-ray burst detection just what researchers exclusively predicted
    on October 16, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    More than a month before a game-changing detection of a short gamma-ray burst, scientists predicted such a discovery would occur. […]

  • Radio 'eyes' unlocking secrets of neutron-star collision
    on October 16, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    When a pair of superdense neutron stars collided and potentially formed a black hole in a galaxy 130 million light-years from Earth, they unleashed not only a train of gravitational waves but also an ongoing torrent of radio waves that are answering some of the biggest questions about the nature of such a cataclysmic event. […]

  • Astronomers strike cosmic gold, confirm origin of precious metals in neutron star mergers
    on October 16, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    What many thought would be a long way off, the detection of gravitational waves from the merger of binary neutron stars, actually happened on Aug. 17. The observation of a blue and then red glow from the radioactive debris cloud left behind matched simulations of what the merger should look like, proving that such mergers are the source of most of the very heavy elements in the universe, including gold. […]

  • First observations of merging neutron stars mark a new era in astronomy
    on October 16, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    After LIGO detected gravitational waves from the merger of two neutron stars, the race was on to detect a visible counterpart, because unlike the colliding black holes responsible for LIGO's four previous detections, this event was expected to produce an explosion of visible light. Researchers have now found the source of the gravitational waves, capturing the first images of the event with the Swope Telescope in Chile. […]

  • How scientists used NASA data to predict the corona of the Aug. 21 Total Solar Eclipse
    on October 14, 2017 at 3:17 pm

    When the total solar eclipse swept across the United States on Aug. 21, 2017, NASA satellites captured a diverse set of images from space. But days before the eclipse, some NASA satellites also enabled scientists to predict what the corona -- the Sun's outer atmosphere -- would look like during the eclipse, from the ground. In addition to offering a case study to test our predictive abilities, the predictions also enabled some eclipse scientists to choose their study targets in advance. […]

  • Solar research: NASA sounding rocket instrument spots signatures of long-sought small solar flares
    on October 13, 2017 at 6:03 pm

    Like most solar sounding rockets, the second flight of the FOXSI instrument -- short for Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager -- lasted 15 minutes, with just six minutes of data collection. But in that short time, the cutting-edge instrument found the best evidence to date of a phenomenon scientists have been seeking for years: signatures of tiny solar flares that could help explain the mysterious extreme heating of the Sun's outer atmosphere. […]

  • Solar research: On the generation of solar spicules and Alfvenic waves
    on October 13, 2017 at 4:31 pm

    Combining computer observations and simulations, a new model shows that the presence of neutrals in the gas facilitates the magnetic fields to penetrate through the surface of the Sun producing the spicules. […]

  • Space radiation won't stop NASA's human exploration
    on October 13, 2017 at 1:52 pm

    While it's true that space radiation is one of the biggest challenges for a human journey to Mars, it's also true that NASA is developing technologies and countermeasures to ensure a safe and successful journey to the red planet. […]

  • Star Dust Helps Explain Mysterious Dimming Star
    on October 13, 2017 at 1:19 pm

    Astronomers are working to understand the mysterious dimming of Tabby's Star. The astronomers report that space dust orbiting the star -- not alien megastructures -- is the likely cause of the star's long-term dimming. […]

  • New insight into the limits of possible life on Mars
    on October 13, 2017 at 1:10 pm

    Researchers investigating whether liquid water could exist on Mars have provided new insight into the limits of life on the red planet. […]

  • Intense storms batter Saturn’s largest moon, scientists report
    on October 12, 2017 at 9:25 pm

    Titan, the largest of Saturn's more than 60 moons, has surprisingly intense rainstorms, according to research by a team of UCLA planetary scientists and geologists. Although the storms are relatively rare -- they occur less than once per Titan year, which is 29 and a half Earth years -- they occur much more frequently than the scientists expected. […]

  • Satellites map photosynthesis at high resolution
    on October 12, 2017 at 6:34 pm

    Life on Earth is impossible without photosynthesis. It provides food and oxygen to all higher life forms and plays an important role in the climate system, since this process regulates the uptake of carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere and its fixation in biomass. However, quantification of photosynthesis at the ecosystem-to-global scale remains uncertain. Now an international team of scientists have made a major step forward. […]

  • Devourer of planets? Astronomers dub star 'Kronos'
    on October 12, 2017 at 4:28 pm

    'Kronos' is enhanced in metals and other rock-forming elements but not in volatiles, prompting a team of researchers to conclude that it absorbed as much as 15 Earth masses worth of rocky planets. Its twin, 'Krios,' does not show this unusual pattern of enhancement. […]

  • A better understanding of space, via helicopter
    on October 12, 2017 at 4:26 pm

    An algorithm that helps engineers design better helicopters may help astronomers more precisely envision the formation of planets and galaxies. Researchers have created a new model for understanding how black holes, planets, and galaxies emerge from the vortex-rich environments of space. […]