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  • Scientific research on disasters represents 0.22 percent of global scholarly output
    on November 20, 2017 at 4:13 pm

    Despite loss of life and economic devastation worldwide due to increasingly frequent natural and human-made disasters, scientific research on disasters represents a small percentage of scholarly output. […]

  • Peace, equality and prosperity all depend on affordable clean energy, study shows
    on November 20, 2017 at 1:59 pm

    The UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals are aimed at achieving equality, securing global peace and ending extreme poverty – an ambitious agenda that will require a wide-range of conditions to be met. But one requirement lies at the center of most of the SDGs: that people have access to clean, affordable energy, says a new study. […]

  • Seagrass is a key fishing ground globally
    on November 17, 2017 at 3:38 pm

    New research demonstrates that seagrass meadows are important fishing grounds all around the globe. The work highlights that there is an urgent need to start appreciating and understanding this role to be able to build more sustainable fisheries. A study examines the global extent to which these underwater meadows support fishing activity. […]

  • Replace or wait? Study says swap all incandescent bulbs now, but hold on to CFLs
    on November 16, 2017 at 12:52 am

    LED light bulbs are getting cheaper and more energy efficient every year. So, does it make sense to replace less-efficient bulbs with the latest light-emitting diodes now, or should you wait for future improvements and even lower costs? […]

  • Are petite poplars the future of biofuels? Studies say yes
    on November 15, 2017 at 7:15 pm

    Scientists are trying to make poplar a viable competitor in the biofuels market by testing the production of younger poplar trees that could be harvested more frequently — after only two or three years — instead of the usual 10- to 20-year cycle. […]

  • Cyanobacterial studies examine cellular structure during nitrogen starvation
    on November 15, 2017 at 7:14 pm

    Researchers are using neutrons to study what happens when cyanobacteria cell samples are starved for nitrogen. They are especially interested in how this process affects phycobilisomes, large antenna protein complexes in the cells that harvest light for photosynthesis. […]

  • Pulling iron out of waste printer toner
    on November 15, 2017 at 4:50 pm

    Someday, left-over toner in discarded printer cartridges could have a second life as bridge or building components instead of as trash, wasting away in landfills and potentially harming the environment. A research group reports that they have devised a method to recycle the residual powder in 'empty' cartridges into iron using temperatures that are compatible with existing industrial processes. […]

  • Amazonian streams found teeming with fish species are lacking protection
    on November 15, 2017 at 2:24 pm

    Hundreds of thousands of Amazonian streams are teeming with highly diverse populations of fish species, a new study reveals. […]

  • Organic farming can make an important contribution to world nutrition, research shows
    on November 15, 2017 at 2:21 pm

    A global conversion to organic farming can contribute to a profoundly sustainable food system, provided that it is combined with further measures, specifically with a one-third reduction of animal-based products in the human diet, less concentrated feed and less food waste, shows new research. […]

  • Tumbling bumblebee populations linked to fungicides
    on November 15, 2017 at 12:50 am

    When a team of scientists analyzed two dozen environmental factors to understand bumblebee population declines and range contractions, they expected to find stressors like changes in land use, geography or insecticides. Instead, they found a shocker: fungicides, commonly thought to have no impact. […]

  • Additive manufacturing and sustainability: The environmental implications of 3-D printing
    on November 14, 2017 at 7:23 pm

    Cutting-edge research on the emerging field of 3D printing provides important insights into its environmental, energy, and health impacts. […]

  • 15,000 scientists in 184 countries warn about negative global environmental trends
    on November 13, 2017 at 4:11 pm

    Human well-being will be severely jeopardized by negative trends in some types of environmental harm, such as a changing climate, deforestation, loss of access to fresh water, species extinctions and human population growth, scientists warn. […]

  • Green roofs to reduce the effects of climate change
    on November 10, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    It would be necessary to have between 207 and 740 hectares of green roofs in a city like Seville (Spain), depending on the scenario that is contemplated, to reduce the effects of climate change in relation to the maximum temperature rises of between 1.5 and 6 ºC that are estimated by the end of the century. This would require between 11 and 40 percent of the buildings in the city. […]

  • Crunch time for food security
    on November 10, 2017 at 4:39 pm

    Insects have been a valuable source of nutritional protein for centuries, as both food and feed. The challenge now is to broaden their appeal, safely and sustainably. […]

  • Ghana's pineapple farmers need more intensive training
    on November 9, 2017 at 2:30 pm

    Simple technologies can be learned effectively through imitation, while complex methods require professional training. If Ghanaian pineapple farmers are to achieve higher yields through more sustainable agriculture, they will need to be trained in exactly these types of complex applications. […]

  • Extensive loss of trees in African savannas: Blame human-started fires not elephants
    on November 8, 2017 at 5:41 pm

    Elephants are often blamed for extensive loss of woody vegetation in Northern Botswana, but study results suggest that this may not be the case. […]

  • Signs may help history buffs get more buff
    on November 7, 2017 at 2:28 pm

    Visitors to the country's national parks and historic sites may be just a sign -- and a few steps -- away from improving their health and fitness while enjoying their park trips, according to a team of researchers. […]

  • Swapping where crops are grown could feed an extra 825 million people
    on November 6, 2017 at 4:19 pm

    Redrawing the global map of crop distribution on existing farmland could help meet growing demand for food and biofuels in coming decades, while significantly reducing water stress in agricultural areas. […]

  • Rise of populism affects wildlife management in US
    on November 3, 2017 at 7:52 pm

    A cultural backlash stemming from the rise of populism may limit opportunities for state fish and wildlife agencies to adapt to changing social values in the United States. […]

  • Fisheries given a solution to overharvesting
    on November 1, 2017 at 4:24 pm

    Many commercial fisheries are threatened by overharvesting. However, they can't address the problem because of inadequate scientific information, from overall population numbers to data on how fast fish grow and reproduce. Researchers have developed a model using information about landed fish catches and prices for any species. This model allows fisheries to net enough to meet rising demand while ensuring adequate income and replenishment of natural stocks. […]

  • Discarded cigarette butts: The next high performing hydrogen storage material?
    on October 31, 2017 at 4:05 pm

    Discarded cigarette butts are a major waste disposal and environmental pollution hazard. But chemists have discovered that cigarette butt-derived carbons have ultra-high surface area and unprecedented hydrogen storage capacity. […]

  • The advent of 'green' cattle
    on October 30, 2017 at 7:44 pm

    Implications of livestock farming on climate change should not be drawn from aggregate statistics, reveals a study based on a new method of carbon footprinting for pasture-based cattle production systems that can assess the impacts of individual animals. […]

  • Research aims to help renewable jet fuel take flight
    on October 30, 2017 at 7:44 pm

    The International Air Transport Association predicts that 7.2 billion passengers will fly in 2035, nearly doubling the 3.8 billion in 2016. So how do we make flying easier on the environment? Instead of petroleum, researchers have now developed new processes to ramp up production of bio-based fuel made from corncobs and wood chips. […]

  • Greenhouse gas concentrations surge to new record
    on October 30, 2017 at 6:19 pm

    Concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere surged at a record-breaking speed in 2016 to the highest level in 800,000 years, according to a new report. The abrupt changes in the atmosphere witnessed in the past 70 years are without precedent. […]

  • Building a sustainable future: Urgent action needed
    on October 30, 2017 at 3:24 pm

    We need to act urgently to increase the energy efficiency of our buildings as the world's emerging middle classes put increasing demands on our planet's energy resources. […]

  • From Cellulose to 3-D Objects
    on October 27, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    In our modern world, eliminating plastics is inconceivable. Unfortunately, they do have disadvantages, including the formation of CO(2) in both production and combustion, depletion of fossil feedstocks, and growth of landfills. Researchers have now introduced a new way forward, a polymer made entirely from biomass that can easily and inexpensively be used in 3-D printing. Objects produced in this way are of high quality, easily recyclable, and highly solvent-resistant. […]

  • Investing in conservation pays off, study finds
    on October 25, 2017 at 6:11 pm

    Governments and donors have spent billions of dollars since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit attempting to slow the pace of species extinctions around the world. Now, a new article provides the first clear evidence that those efforts are working. […]

  • Among 'green' energy, hydropower is the most dangerous
    on October 25, 2017 at 2:31 pm

    Many governments are promoting a move away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources. However, in a new study, scientists highlight some of the ecological dangers this wave of 'green' energy poses. […]

  • Rethinking well-being and sustainability measurements from local to global scales
    on October 23, 2017 at 5:20 pm

    A new study suggests that standard ways of measuring well-being and sustainability in communities used by global organizations may be missing critical information and could lead to missteps in management actions. The article suggests alternative and complementary approaches that use indicators grounded in the values of a particular community. […]

  • Reduced impact logging still harms biodiversity in tropical rainforests
    on October 23, 2017 at 4:35 pm

    Even low levels of logging in the Amazon rainforest may lead to great losses in biodiversity, new research has found. The research looked at 34 different plots in the state of Pará -- a focal point for Amazon protection efforts in the last decades. They found that even low levels of logging leaded to negative effects on dung beetle diversity and rates of dung beetle-mediated […]