Technology

Technology News -- ScienceDaily Technology news. Read articles on new gadgets and prototypes for future technology from leading research institutes around the world.

  • Novel 'converter' heralds breakthrough in ultra-fast data processing at nanoscale
    on October 20, 2017 at 1:22 pm

    Scientists have recently invented a novel 'converter' that can harness the speed and small size of plasmons for high frequency data processing and transmission in nanoelectronics. […]

  • Two-dimensional materials gets a new theory for control of properties
    on October 19, 2017 at 9:16 pm

    Desirable properties including increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism for memory storage or information processing may be possible because of a theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials, according to materials scientists. […]

  • Liquid metal discovery ushers in new wave of chemistry and electronics
    on October 19, 2017 at 6:30 pm

    Researchers use liquid metal to create atom-thick 2-D never before seen in nature. The research could transform how we do chemistry and could also be applied to enhance data storage and make faster electronics. […]

  • Slow Internet? New technology to speed up home broadband dramatically
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    Slow internet speeds and the Internet 'rush hour' -- the peak time when data speeds drop by up to 30 percent -- could be history with new hardware that provides consistently high-speed broadband connectivity. […]

  • New ways to achieve selectivity for biomarkers in bioelectronics
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:09 pm

    Materials science and engineering researchers have experimentally verified the electrochemical processes that control charge transfer rate from an organic polymer to a biomarker molecule. Their findings may enhance selectivity for biomarkers in bioelectronic devices. […]

  • Nanoelectronics breakthrough could lead to more efficient quantum devices
    on October 18, 2017 at 3:35 pm

    Researchers have made a breakthrough that could help your electronic devices get even smarter. Their findings examine electron behavior within nanoelectronics, as outlined in a new article. […]

  • Machine learning identifies breast lesions likely to become cancer
    on October 18, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    A machine learning tool can help identify which high-risk breast lesions are likely to become cancerous, according to a new study. Researchers said the technology has the potential to reduce unnecessary surgeries. […]

  • Wearables to boost security of voice-based log-in
    on October 17, 2017 at 4:44 pm

    A security-token necklace, ear buds or eyeglasses developed by researchers could eliminate vulnerabilities in voice authentication -- the practice of logging in to a device or service with your voice alone. […]

  • Flexible 'skin' can help robots, prosthetics perform everyday tasks by sensing shear force
    on October 17, 2017 at 4:43 pm

    Engineers have developed a flexible sensor 'skin' that can be stretched over any part of a robot's body or prosthetic to accurately convey information about shear forces and vibration, which are critical to tasks ranging from cooking an egg to dismantling a bomb. […]

  • Liquid metal brings soft robotics a step closer
    on October 17, 2017 at 1:19 pm

    Scientists have invented a way to morph liquid metal into physical shapes. Researchers have applied electrical charges to manipulate liquid metal into 2-D shapes such as letters and a heart. […]

  • Nanoantenna arrays power a new generation of fluorescence-based sensors
    on October 16, 2017 at 4:21 pm

    Researchers have designed and tested a series of plasmonic nanoantenna arrays that could lead to the development of a new generation of ultrasensitive and low-cost fluorescence sensors that could be used to monitor water quality. […]

  • Quantum simulator: First functioning component
    on October 16, 2017 at 1:24 pm

    Hurricanes, traffic jams, demographic development – to predict the effect of such events, computer simulations are required. Many processes in nature, however, are so complicated that conventional computers fail. Quantum simulators may solve this problem. One of the basic phenomena in nature is the interaction between light and matter in photosynthesis. Physicists have now made a big step towards quantum mechanics understanding of plant metabolism. […]

  • Spin current detection in quantum materials unlocks potential for alternative electronics
    on October 13, 2017 at 4:31 pm

    A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. A team of scientists has developed an innovative microscopy technique to detect the spin of electrons in topological insulators, a new kind of quantum material that could be used in applications such as spintronics and quantum computing. […]

  • DISTRO: Researchers create digital objects from incomplete 3D data
    on October 13, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    Depth sensors, such as those of the Microsoft Kinect, are very powerful, but unfortunately they do not work equally well on all materials, which leads to noisy data or even missing measurements. […]

  • New headway in desalination technology
    on October 12, 2017 at 8:40 pm

    Engineers have taken a step forward in developing a saltwater desalination process that is potentially cheaper than reverse osmosis and borrows from battery technology. In their study, the researchers are focusing on new materials that could make desalination of brackish waters economically desirable and energy efficient. […]

  • In a first for wearable optics, researchers develop stretchy fiber to capture body motion
    on October 12, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    New research offers the first demonstration of optical fibers sturdy enough to sense a wide range of human motion. […]

  • Injecting electrons jolts 2-D structure into new atomic pattern
    on October 11, 2017 at 5:17 pm

    The same electrostatic charge that can make hair stand on end and attach balloons to clothing could be an efficient way to drive atomically thin electronic memory devices of the future, according to a new study. Scientists have found a way to reversibly change the atomic structure of a 2-D material by injecting it with electrons. The process uses far less energy than current methods for changing the configuration of a material's structure. […]

  • Future smartwatches could sense hand movement using ultrasound imaging
    on October 11, 2017 at 5:16 pm

    New research has shown future wearable devices, such as smartwatches, could use ultrasound imaging to sense hand gestures. […]

  • New software speeds origami structure designs
    on October 11, 2017 at 4:38 pm

    Researchers have developed a new computer-aided approach that streamlines the design process for origami-based structures, making it easier for engineers and scientists to conceptualize new ideas graphically while simultaneously generating the underlying mathematical data needed to build the structure in the real world. […]

  • A fashionable chemical and biological threat detector-on-a-ring
    on October 11, 2017 at 1:17 pm

    Wearable sensors are revolutionizing the tech-world, capable of tracking processes in the body, such as heart rates. They're even becoming fashionable, with many of them sporting sleek, stylish designs. But wearable sensors also can have applications in detecting threats that are external to the body. Researchers now report a first-of-its kind device that can do just that. And to stay fashionable, they've designed it as a ring. […]

  • Solar-powered devices made of wood could help mitigate water scarcity crisis
    on October 11, 2017 at 2:45 am

    Energy from the sun and a block of wood smaller than an adult's hand are the only components needed to heat water to its steaming point in these purifying devices. […]

  • Flexible sensors can detect movement in GI tract
    on October 10, 2017 at 5:39 pm

    A flexible ingestible sensor has been devised that could help doctors to diagnose problems caused by a slowdown of food flowing through the digestive tract. The sensors could also be used to detect food pressing on the stomach, helping doctors to monitor food intake by patients being treated for obesity. […]

  • Seeing the next dimension of computer chips
    on October 10, 2017 at 3:46 pm

    Researchers used a scanning tunneling microscope to image the side-surfaces of 3-D silicon crystals for the first time. The pictures, captured with atomic-level of resolution, can help semiconductor manufacturers build the next generation of computer chips with three-dimensional features. […]

  • Building a barrier against oxidation
    on October 9, 2017 at 8:11 pm

    Chemically stabilizing atomically flat materials improves their potential for commercial application, report scientists. […]

  • A zero-index waveguide
    on October 9, 2017 at 4:32 pm

    In 2015, researchers developed the first on-chip metamaterial with a refractive index of zero, meaning that the phase of light could be stretched infinitely long. The metamaterial represented a new method to manipulate light and was an important step forward for integrated photonic circuits. Now, researchers have developed a zero-index waveguide compatible with current silicon photonic technologies. In doing so, the team observed a physical phenomenon that is usually unobservable -- a standing wave of light. […]

  • Solar energy: Prototype shows how tiny photodetectors can double their efficiency
    on October 9, 2017 at 4:32 pm

    Physicists have developed a photodetector -- a device that converts light into electrons -- by combining two distinct inorganic materials and producing quantum mechanical processes that could revolutionize the way solar energy is collected. The researchers stacked two atomic layers of tungsten diselenide on a single atomic layer of molybdenum diselenide. Such stacking results in properties vastly different from those of the parent layers, allowing for customized electronic engineering at the tiniest possible scale. […]

  • Novel circuit design boosts wearable thermoelectric generators
    on October 9, 2017 at 1:33 pm

    Using flexible conducting polymers and novel circuitry patterns printed on paper, researchers have demonstrated proof-of-concept wearable thermoelectric generators that can harvest energy from body heat to power simple biosensors for measuring heart rate, respiration or other factors. […]

  • Engineers invent breakthrough millimeter-wave circulator IC
    on October 6, 2017 at 12:59 pm

    Researchers continue to break new ground in developing magnet-free non-reciprocal components in modern semiconductor processes. They have built the first magnet-free non-reciprocal circulator on a silicon chip that operates at millimeter-wave frequencies, enabling circulators to be built in conventional semiconductor chips and operate at millimeter-wave frequencies, enabling full-duplex or two-way wireless. […]

  • Paper-based supercapacitor uses metal nanoparticles to boost energy density
    on October 5, 2017 at 4:10 pm

    Using a simple layer-by-layer coating technique, researchers have developed a paper-based flexible supercapacitor that could be used to help power wearable devices. The device uses metallic nanoparticles to coat cellulose fibers in the paper, creating supercapacitor electrodes with high energy and power densities -- and the best performance so far in a textile-based supercapacitor. […]

  • New nanoplatelets improve the brightness of LEDs, lasers and LCD screens, researchers show
    on October 5, 2017 at 2:35 pm

    New semiconductor nanoplatelets synthesized in laboratories can improve the brightness of LEDs, lasers and LCD screens of computers or televisions because they allow to minimize energy losses compared to current semiconductor materials. […]