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  • Microorganisms help production
    on November 13, 2018 at 4:03 pm

    Oil is still the most economically attractive resource for fuels and basic chemicals that can be used to manufacture everyday products such as plastic bottles and detergent. New biotechnological processes aim to simplify the use of renewable biomass as an alternative to the fossil raw material and make it more cost-effective. […]

  • Purple bacteria 'batteries' turn sewage into clean energy
    on November 13, 2018 at 1:09 pm

    Purple phototrophic bacteria -- which can store energy from light -- when supplied with an electric current can recover near to 100 percent of carbon from any type of organic waste, while generating hydrogen gas for use as fuel. […]

  • Planetary boundaries for antibiotic and pesticide resistance identified
    on November 13, 2018 at 12:19 am

    Researchers have now published the first estimates of antibiotic and pesticide 'planetary boundaries.' The researchers suggest that if resistance to antibiotics and pesticides goes beyond these boundaries, societies risk large-scale health and agricultural crises. The results indicate one group of bacteria has passed a boundary. […]

  • How mitochondria deploy a powerful punch against life-threatening bacteria
    on November 12, 2018 at 6:15 pm

    Researchers discover that mitochondria play an important role in supporting the immune system's response against MRSA infection. […]

  • Salmonella found to be resistant to different classes of antibiotics
    on November 9, 2018 at 11:57 pm

    Common bacteria that cause foodborne diseases are resistant to antibiotics used to treat infections, according to research that identified 39 genes responsible for this resistance. […]

  • Transmission of antibiotic resistant E. coli mapped in wild giraffe social networks
    on November 9, 2018 at 6:04 pm

    A team has shown that antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli bacteria in wild giraffes most likely come from anthropogenic sources, such as local cattle herds and humans. […]

  • Mark your calendar: All infectious diseases are seasonal
    on November 8, 2018 at 7:24 pm

    Most of us are aware of the seasonal cycle of influenza outbreaks, which for Americans peak in the winter. Scientists now make a case that all infectious diseases have a seasonal element. […]

  • Toxin complex of the plague bacterium and other germs decoded
    on November 8, 2018 at 6:05 pm

    Researchers decode the toxin complex of the plague bacterium and other germs. […]

  • Researchers closer to gonorrhea vaccine after exhaustive analysis of proteins
    on November 8, 2018 at 3:59 pm

    In a study of proteins historic in its scope, researchers have pushed closer both to a vaccine for gonorrhea and toward understanding why the bacteria that cause the disease are so good at fending off antimicrobial drugs. […]

  • Breast milk & babies' saliva shape oral microbiome
    on November 8, 2018 at 3:59 pm

    Newborn breastfed babies' saliva combines with breastmilk to release antibacterial compounds that help to shape the bacterial communities (microbiota) in babies' mouths, biomedical scientists have found. […]

  • Exhaustive analysis reveals cell division's inner timing mechanisms
    on November 7, 2018 at 10:29 pm

    After exploring every possible correlation, researchers shed new light on a long-standing question about what triggers cell division. […]

  • Microbiome implicated in sea star wasting disease
    on November 7, 2018 at 6:02 pm

    A first-of-its-kind study shows that the sea star microbiome is critically important to the progression of the wasting disease that is killing these animals from Mexico to Alaska -- and that an imbalance of microbes might be the culprit. […]

  • Chlamydia attacks with Frankenstein protein
    on November 7, 2018 at 6:02 pm

    When Chlamydia trachomatis, the bacterium that causes one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide, enters a human cell, it hijacks parts of the host to build protective layers around itself. Inside this makeshift fortress, the bug grows and reproduces, eventually bursting out in search of a new target and killing the host cell. While scientists have known for years that Chlamydia protects itself in this way, they were missing the mechanics until now. […]

  • Disrupting communication in infectious bacteria
    on November 7, 2018 at 6:02 pm

    Chemists report that they have inhibited the biosynthesis of a bacterial signal and, as a result, blocked the infectious properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the most common germ found in health care facilities. […]

  • 'Bionic mushrooms' fuse nanotech, bacteria and fungi
    on November 7, 2018 at 1:24 pm

    Researchers have taken an ordinary white button mushroom from a grocery store and made it bionic, supercharging it with 3D-printed clusters of cyanobacteria that generate electricity and swirls of graphene nanoribbons that can collect the current. […]

  • Novel anti-inflammatory bacterial protein discovered
    on November 6, 2018 at 5:14 pm

    Researchers have identified a novel protein secreted by a common gut bacterium in zebrafish that reduces inflammation in the gut and delays death by septic shock. […]

  • Regeneration in the digestive tract
    on November 6, 2018 at 3:42 pm

    The human gut is teeming with billions of beneficial bacteria. Therapies that use antibiotics often destroy most of them. Whether and how the intestinal flora will subsequently recover has been investigated by a research team. […]

  • Supermarket produce harbors antibiotic-resistance genes
    on November 6, 2018 at 12:32 pm

    Researchers have found that produce is a reservoir for transferable antibiotic resistance genes that often escape traditional molecular detection methods. These antibiotic resistance genes might escape cultivation-independent detection, but could still be transferred to human pathogens or commensals. The results highlight the importance of the rare microbiome of produce as a source of antibiotic resistance genes. […]

  • Nutrient-recycling microbes may feel the heat
    on November 5, 2018 at 10:20 pm

    While microbial communities are the engines driving the breakdown of dead plants and animals, little is known about whether they are equipped to handle big changes in climate. In a new study, researchers examine what happens after microbial communities move into new climate conditions. The study is a first step toward understanding the vulnerability of these ecosystems to climate change. […]

  • Detecting E. coli strains using molecular electronics
    on November 5, 2018 at 6:29 pm

    Electrical engineers have adapted a molecular electronic device called a single-molecule break junction to detect RNA from strains of E. coli known for causing illness. […]

  • Chemical synthesis could produce more potent antibiotics
    on November 5, 2018 at 5:25 pm

    Researchers have shown that they can modify antibiotics in a way that could potentially make them more effective against drug-resistant infections. […]

  • Corals produce molecules that can help resist disease
    on November 5, 2018 at 1:17 pm

    Scientists report that corals, though they are stationary organisms, can alter their surroundings by producing unique molecules that can help recruit healthy microbiomes and fight parasitic microbes. […]

  • Key gene find could enable development of disease-resistant crops
    on November 2, 2018 at 5:20 pm

    Discovery of a gene that helps plants control their response to disease could aid efforts to develop crops that are resistant to infection, research suggests. […]

  • Immigration to the United States changes a person's microbiome
    on November 1, 2018 at 5:39 pm

    Researchers new evidence that the gut microbiota of immigrants and refugees rapidly Westernize after a person's arrival in the United States. The study of communities migrating from Southeast Asia to the US could provide insight into some of the metabolic health issues, including obesity and diabetes, affecting immigrants to the country. […]

  • With a little help from their friends
    on November 1, 2018 at 5:39 pm

    A new study shows that plant-associated bacteria protect their hosts by competing with harmful filamentous microbes for access to plant roots. […]

  • Novel antibacterial drugs
    on November 1, 2018 at 5:39 pm

    Researchers have developed novel antibacterial compounds, focusing on the role of LsrK kinase. LsrK kinase is a protein involved in bacterial communication. […]

  • Drugs from dirt
    on November 1, 2018 at 5:38 pm

    Analyzing soil samples from across the country, researchers have identified an antibiotic capable of treating strains of tuberculosis that do not respond to existing therapies. […]

  • Gut bacteria may control movement
    on November 1, 2018 at 12:53 pm

    A new study puts a fresh spin on what it means to 'go with your gut.' The findings suggest that gut bacteria may control movement in fruit flies and identify the neurons involved in this response. […]

  • Babies born at home have more diverse, beneficial bacteria, study finds
    on October 31, 2018 at 12:05 pm

    Infants born at home have more diverse bacteria in their guts and feces, which may affect their developing immunity and metabolism, according to a new study. […]

  • Showerhead bacteria and lung infections: Researchers find correlation
    on October 30, 2018 at 1:14 pm

    Researchers have shown that the regions in the United States where pathogenic mycobacteria are most prevalent in showerheads are the same regions where nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung infections are most common. The study emphasizes the important role of showerheads in the transmission of NTM infections. […]