Cell Biology

Cell Biology News -- ScienceDaily Cell biology news. Read the latest research news on cell biology and see related videos.

  • A paper battery powered by bacteria
    on August 19, 2018 at 8:07 pm

    In remote areas of the world, everyday items like electrical outlets and batteries are luxuries. Health care workers in these areas often lack electricity to power diagnostic devices, and commercial batteries may be too expensive. Today, researchers report a new type of battery -- made of paper and fueled by bacteria -- that could overcome these challenges. […]

  • Making aquafeed more sustainable: Scientists develop feeds using a marine microalga co-product
    on August 18, 2018 at 3:56 pm

    Scientists have created a more sustainable feed for aquaculture by using a marine microalga co-product as a feed ingredient. The study is the first of its kind to evaluate replacing fishmeal with a co-product in feed designed specifically for Nile tilapia. […]

  • A novel synthetic antibody enables conditional 'protein knockdown' in vertebrates
    on August 17, 2018 at 7:03 pm

    Researchers have developed a novel synthetic antibody that paves the way for an improved functional analysis of proteins. […]

  • New way to grow blood vessels developed
    on August 17, 2018 at 7:03 pm

    Formation of new blood vessels, a process also known as angiogenesis, is one of the major clinical challenges in wound healing and tissue implants. To address this issue, researchers have developed a clay-based platform to deliver therapeutic proteins to the body to assist with the formation of blood vessels. […]

  • Novel nanoparticle-based approach detects and treats oral plaque without drugs
    on August 17, 2018 at 4:53 pm

    When the good and bad bacteria in our mouth become imbalanced, the bad bacteria form a biofilm (aka plaque), which can cause cavities, and if left untreated over time, can lead to cardiovascular and other inflammatory diseases like diabetes and bacterial pneumonia. A team of researchers has recently devised a practical nanotechnology-based method for detecting and treating the harmful bacteria that cause plaque and lead to tooth decay and other detrimental conditions. […]

  • Moderate carbohydrate intake may be best for health, study suggests
    on August 17, 2018 at 1:38 pm

    A new study has found that diets both low and high in carbohydrates were linked with an increase in mortality, while moderate consumers of carbohydrates had the lowest risk of mortality. The study also found that low-carb diets that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fats from plant sources were associated with lower risk of mortality compared to those that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fat from animal sources. […]

  • How a 'jellyfish'-shaped structure relieves pressure in your cells
    on August 16, 2018 at 7:31 pm

    Scientists have solved the structure of a key protein that senses when our cells swell. […]

  • Human wastewater valuable to global agriculture, economics
    on August 16, 2018 at 7:31 pm

    It may seem off-putting to some, but human waste is full of nutrients that can be recycled into valuable products that could promote agricultural sustainability and better economic independence for some developing countries, says a new study. […]

  • Genetic differences in trees untouched by mountain pine beetles
    on August 16, 2018 at 7:31 pm

    A researcher has discovered that mountain pine beetles may avoid certain trees within a population they normally would kill due to genetics in the trees. […]

  • Previously grainy wheat genome comes into focus
    on August 16, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    An international consortium has completed the sequence of wheat's colossal genome. […]

  • Scientists create new technology and solve a key puzzle for cellular memory
    on August 16, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    With a new groundbreaking technique, researchers have managed to identify a protein that is responsible for cellular memory being transmitted when cells divide. The finding is crucial for understanding development from one cell to a whole body. […]

  • Cells agree: What doesn't kill you makes you stronger
    on August 16, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    Brief exposures to stressors can be beneficial by prompting cells to trigger sustained production of antioxidants, molecules that help get rid of toxic cellular buildup related to normal metabolism -- findings with potential relevance for age-related diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. […]

  • New approach to fight tuberculosis, a leading cause of death worldwide
    on August 16, 2018 at 6:30 pm

    A group of researchers used a systematic approach to get an entirely new look at the way tuberculosis infects people. Their study uncovered interactions between tuberculosis and human proteins that could provide new approaches to combat infection. […]

  • Diagnosing cancer with malaria protein: New method discovered
    on August 16, 2018 at 2:55 pm

    Researchers have discovered a method of diagnosing a broad range of cancers at their early stages by utilizing a particular malaria protein, which sticks to cancer cells in blood samples. The researchers hope that this method can be used in cancer screenings in the near future. […]

  • Using mushrooms as a prebiotic may help improve glucose regulation
    on August 16, 2018 at 2:55 pm

    Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people. […]

  • How do plants turn off photosynthetic activity at night?
    on August 16, 2018 at 2:20 pm

    Scientists have identified two proteins that allow plants to respond to changes in surrounding light conditions and thereby make photosynthesis more efficient. […]

  • Super-resolution microscope reveals secrets of deadly Nipah virus
    on August 16, 2018 at 1:14 pm

    The deadly Nipah virus and others like it assemble themselves in a much more haphazard manner than previously thought, new research has found. The discovery could allow scientists to develop more effective vaccines and rule out many approaches to fighting these viruses. […]

  • Trigger, target, trigger: Scientists explore controlled carbon monoxide release
    on August 16, 2018 at 1:04 pm

    Scientists have developed flavonoid-based, organic carbon monoxide-releasing molecules that exhibit CO release only when triggered by visible light. Using fluorescence microscopy, the researchers demonstrate targeted CO delivery by the photoCORMs to human lung cancer cells, as well as the ability of the molecules to produce anti-inflammatory effects. […]

  • Key mechanism of DNA replication discovered
    on August 16, 2018 at 1:04 pm

    Researchers have uncovered a key control mechanism of DNA replication with potential implications for better understanding how cells maintain genetic information to prevent diseases or cancer. […]

  • This matrix delivers healing stem cells to injured elderly muscles
    on August 15, 2018 at 7:45 pm

    Muscles of the elderly and of patients with Duchene muscular dystrophy have trouble regenerating. A new nanohydrogel with muscle stem cells has boosted muscle growth in mouse models while protecting the stem cells from immune reactions that usually weaken or destroy them. […]

  • New clues into how 'trash bag of the cell' traps and seals off waste
    on August 15, 2018 at 6:14 pm

    The mechanics behind how an important process within the cell traps material before recycling it has puzzled scientists for years. But researchers have now gained new insight into how this process seals off waste, much like a trash bag. […]

  • Mechanism that affects multiplication of dengue virus lineage discovered
    on August 15, 2018 at 6:14 pm

    A study aiming at the development of a dengue vaccine shows that the prevalence of a virus lineage upon the other does not rely on the highest replication rate: it is rather based on the virus' ability in triggering weaker activation of the patient's immune response. […]

  • Structure of ion channel reveals how insects smell their way around the world
    on August 15, 2018 at 5:05 pm

    Researchers describe, for the first time, the structure of a smell-receptor protein common among insects. Its inner architecture illuminates how insects evolved to detect an amazing diversity of odors. […]

  • Congenital blindness reversed in mice
    on August 15, 2018 at 5:05 pm

    Researchers have reversed congenital blindness in mice by changing supportive cells in the retina called Müller glia into rod photoreceptors. The findings advance efforts toward regenerative therapies for blinding diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. […]

  • Scientists uncover unexpected role for two proteins as immune system regulators
    on August 15, 2018 at 4:40 pm

    An unexpected discovery in two disease-linked proteins could shed light on human immune system disorders, including a rare and often fatal childhood disease called hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). […]

  • Neonatal pig hearts can heal from heart attack
    on August 15, 2018 at 4:40 pm

    Researchers have discovered that the hearts of newborn piglets have one remarkable ability. They can almost completely heal themselves after experimental heart attacks. This regenerative capacity is short-lived -- disappearing by day three after birth, and this is the first time the ability regrow heart muscle has been shown in large mammals. This research has impactful clinical implications. […]

  • Protein droplets keep neurons at the ready and immune system in balance
    on August 15, 2018 at 2:53 pm

    Discoveries show how proteins that organize into liquid droplets inside cells make certain biological functions possible. […]

  • Taking a deep look: a near infrared fluorescent dye for long term bioimaging
    on August 15, 2018 at 2:29 pm

    A team of researchers has succeeded in developing a photostable fluorescent labeling agent that allows long term bioimaging of living cells in the near infrared region. This new fluorescent probe has demonstrated its use for long term single molecule, multicolor and 3D deep imaging. […]

  • Chips, light and coding moves the front line in beating bacteria
    on August 15, 2018 at 12:58 pm

    A multidisciplinary study finds a way to examine biofilms with high efficiency. […]

  • Eating breakfast burns more carbs during exercise and accelerates metabolism for next meal
    on August 15, 2018 at 12:57 pm

    New research suggests that eating breakfast could 'prime' the body to burn carbohydrates during exercise and more rapidly metabolize foods after working out. […]