Conflict

Conflict News -- ScienceDaily Summaries of scientific studies relating to armed conflict and the effects of conflict on society.

  • Peace, not war, responsible for deforestation in armed conflict zones
    on December 5, 2018 at 6:40 pm

    Rates of deforestation in war zones increase dramatically once peace is declared, according to a new study. […]

  • Ideal marriage partners drive Waorani warriors to war
    on December 4, 2018 at 2:54 pm

    In a new study, a team of researchers examined the social composition of raiding parties and their relationship to marriage alliances in an Amazonian tribal society, the Waorani of Ecuador. The Waorani formerly practiced lethal raiding, or small-scale warfare, as part of their social fabric. The anthropologists spoke in detail with tribal members about their raiding histories in an attempt to understand what drives individuals to participate in acts of war. […]

  • Colombia tropical forest fires spike after 2016 Peace Accords
    on December 4, 2018 at 2:03 pm

    Fires that contribute to deforestation spiked six-fold in Colombia in the year after an historic 2016 peace agreement ended decades of conflict between FARC guerrilla and government forces, according to a new study. […]

  • New report calls for health monitoring and research program on Gulf War and post-9/11 veterans
    on November 28, 2018 at 4:48 pm

    To help determine if the descendants of Gulf War and post-9/11 veterans are at risk for health effects resulting from the service members' exposure to toxicants during deployment, a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends the creation of a health monitoring and research program (HMRP). […]

  • Warning: Chemical weapons risk during a period of very rapid scientific change
    on November 15, 2018 at 7:49 pm

    Alarming examples of the dangers from chemical weapons have been seen recently in the use of industrial chemicals and the nerve agent sarin against civilians in Syria, and in the targeted assassination operations using VX nerve agent in Malaysia and novichok nerve agent in the UK. […]

  • Using social media to weaken the wrath of terror attacks
    on November 15, 2018 at 3:46 pm

    Governments and police forces around the world need to beware of the harm caused by mass and social media following terror events. In a new report, leading counter-terrorism experts from around the world offer guidance to authorities to better manage the impacts of terror attacks by harnessing media communication. […]

  • Urban planning policy contributes to political polarization
    on November 12, 2018 at 1:24 pm

    Urban planning decisions from decades past are likely a contributing factor to the rise of right-wing populism, a new study has found. […]

  • 'Good guys' in superhero films more violent than villains
    on November 2, 2018 at 12:34 pm

    New research found that protagonists in superhero films engage in more violent acts, on average, than the villains. […]

  • Domestic violence is widely accepted in most developing countries, new study reveals
    on October 31, 2018 at 6:14 pm

    Societal acceptance of domestic violence against women is widespread in developing countries, with 36 per cent of people believing it is justified in certain situations. […]

  • AI systems shed light on root cause of religious conflict: Humanity is not naturally violent
    on October 31, 2018 at 12:06 pm

    Artificial intelligence can help us to better understand the causes of religious violence and to potentially control it, according to new research. The study combined computer modelling and cognitive psychology to create an AI system able to mimic human religiosity, allowing them to better understand the conditions, triggers and patterns for religious violence. […]

  • Does putting the brakes on outrage bottle up social change?
    on October 23, 2018 at 7:00 pm

    While outrage is often generally considered a hurdle in the path to civil discourse, a team of psychologists suggest outrage -- specifically, moral outrage -- may have beneficial outcomes, such as inspiring people to take part in long-term collective action. […]

  • Tough laws prevent gun deaths, global report finds
    on October 19, 2018 at 2:06 pm

    A major global report confirms gun-related homicides, suicides and accidents are falling in Australia after the introduction of anti-gun laws, and that the effect of such tough laws is similar elsewhere. […]

  • Neo-colonial attitudes to security in war-torn nations out-of-date and unhelpful
    on October 18, 2018 at 4:51 pm

    Developed countries imposing their own Security Sector Reform (SSR) processes onto nations recovering from war often rely on entrenched colonial attitudes with no guarantee of success. Researchers looked at the Democratic Republic Congo and Nepal contrasting their outcomes and examining the reasons for success or failure of SSR policies based on Europe. They question whether the systems work in their countries of origin where statistics show ongoing institutional racism. […]

  • Youth violence lower in countries with complete ban on corporal punishment
    on October 16, 2018 at 5:19 pm

    A study shows that in countries where there is a complete ban on all corporal punishment of children there is less fighting among young people. […]

  • Fuller picture of the human cost from terrorist attacks
    on October 14, 2018 at 6:27 pm

    New research provides a more complete picture of the suffering caused by terrorist attacks. The study estimates the number of years of healthy life -- years free of the injuries or disabilities caused by terrorist attacks -- that victims lost due to injuries. […]

  • Muscular men prefer an unequal society
    on October 10, 2018 at 2:56 pm

    For men, physical strength and political attitudes are linked. This is not the case for women. New research shows that ancestral human instincts affect men's political reflections. […]

  • A step towards biological warfare with insects?
    on October 9, 2018 at 2:25 pm

    A project by a research agency of the US Department of Defense could easily be misused for developing biological weapons, according to researchers. […]

  • Witnessing violence in high school as bad as being bullied
    on September 17, 2018 at 12:24 pm

    Over the long term, being a bystander of high-school violence can be as damaging to mental health as being directly bullied, a new study finds. […]

  • End of Colombia conflict may bring new threats to ecosystems
    on September 12, 2018 at 12:12 pm

    The end of a 52-year internal conflict could spell trouble for the second most biodiverse country in the world. A new study outlines a sustainable path forward. […]

  • Drought, conflict and migration in Kenya
    on September 10, 2018 at 6:24 pm

    A new study is the first to use a nationwide survey representing an entire country in sub-Saharan Africa to find connections between droughts, migration and violence. The team surveyed 1400 respondents in 175 locations across Kenya, asking if they had relocated either permanently or temporarily because of drought, if they had been victims of violence, and, using an indirect questioning method, whether they have latent support for the use of violence. […]

  • Harnessing the power of the crowd could improve screening accuracy
    on September 7, 2018 at 5:59 pm

    Averaging the results from two independent participants improved screening accuracy, whether participants were looking at baggage scans or mammograms, according to new research. […]

  • One in 3 US veteran firearm owners keeps a gun loaded and unlocked
    on August 27, 2018 at 12:09 pm

    One third of United States armed forces veterans store at least one firearm loaded with ammunition and unlocked, according to a new study that reports on the first survey of a nationally representative sample of this group regarding storage practices. Unsafe firearm storage practices appeared to be strongly related to perceptions about the need to keep firearms for protection. […]

  • Video-based ethics program increases moral awareness, study finds
    on August 13, 2018 at 4:07 pm

    Ethics Unwrapped, a video-based behavioral ethics curriculum adopted by educational institutions around the world, effectively increases student understanding of ethics and human behavior, according to a new study. The study was based on a two-year survey of approximately 8,600 undergraduates. […]

  • Colombia peace deal brings new threat to country's rainforest
    on July 19, 2018 at 12:54 pm

    The historic peace treaty in Colombia which brought an end to half a century of violence has led to mass deforestation. Once FARC soldiers were disarmed, it led to a vacuum of power which is being exploited by large landowners who are now deforesting the area at an alarming rate to make way for farms and for the illegal growth of coca crops. An ecologically significant region of Colombia, is now at risk of disappearing. […]

  • PTSD rate among prison employees equals that of war veterans
    on July 16, 2018 at 1:15 pm

    Prison employees experience PTSD on par with Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, a new study from a Washington State University College of Nursing researcher found. […]

  • The secret life of lobster (trade): Could we be in hot water?
    on July 12, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    In today's hyper-connected world, a growing number of nations are acting as 'middlemen' in the seafood supply chain. This makes it increasingly difficult to trace where seafood goes and difficult to anticipate changes in market demand. […]

  • Intimate partner violence doesn't end with the relationship
    on July 11, 2018 at 6:13 pm

    Violence that occurs between intimate partners does not end with the relationship's conclusion, yet few resources exist to help survivors move beyond the betrayal of abusive relationships in order to begin new, healthy relationships. The effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) are profound, painfully enduring and should command as much attention as providing victims with the help necessary to leave violent relationships, according to a new study. […]

  • Ranking locations for lion conservation in southern Africa -- a new approach
    on July 5, 2018 at 6:38 pm

    An international team of scientists has developed a new strategy to rank locations for lion conservation activities, based on GPS collar data revealing lions' movements. […]

  • In the brain, dislike and dehumanization are not the same thing
    on June 25, 2018 at 4:24 pm

    It has long been thought that when people characterized others as less-than-human, it was an expression of extreme dislike. New research shows that in fact judgements about dislike and dehumanization of people occur in separate brain regions, suggesting they are different psychological processes. This has implications for how we understand the migrant detention crisis in America as well as intergroup conflict around the world. […]

  • Social bonding key cause of soccer (football) violence
    on June 24, 2018 at 4:12 am

    As World Cup fever sets in, increased hooliganism and soccer (football) related violence are legitimate international concerns. Previous research has linked sports-related hooliganism to 'social maladjustment' e.g. previous episodes of violence or dysfunctional behavior at home, work or school etc. However, social bonding and a desire to protect and defend other fans may be one of the main motivations not only for football hooliganism, but extremist group behavior in general, according to new research. […]