Conflict News -- ScienceDaily Summaries of scientific studies relating to armed conflict and the effects of conflict on society.

  • Colombia peace deal brings new threat to country's rainforest
    on July 19, 2018 at 12:54 pm

    The historic peace treaty in Colombia which brought an end to half a century of violence has led to mass deforestation. Once FARC soldiers were disarmed, it led to a vacuum of power which is being exploited by large landowners who are now deforesting the area at an alarming rate to make way for farms and for the illegal growth of coca crops. An ecologically significant region of Colombia, is now at risk of disappearing. […]

  • PTSD rate among prison employees equals that of war veterans
    on July 16, 2018 at 1:15 pm

    Prison employees experience PTSD on par with Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, a new study from a Washington State University College of Nursing researcher found. […]

  • The secret life of lobster (trade): Could we be in hot water?
    on July 12, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    In today's hyper-connected world, a growing number of nations are acting as 'middlemen' in the seafood supply chain. This makes it increasingly difficult to trace where seafood goes and difficult to anticipate changes in market demand. […]

  • Intimate partner violence doesn't end with the relationship
    on July 11, 2018 at 6:13 pm

    Violence that occurs between intimate partners does not end with the relationship's conclusion, yet few resources exist to help survivors move beyond the betrayal of abusive relationships in order to begin new, healthy relationships. The effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) are profound, painfully enduring and should command as much attention as providing victims with the help necessary to leave violent relationships, according to a new study. […]

  • Ranking locations for lion conservation in southern Africa -- a new approach
    on July 5, 2018 at 6:38 pm

    An international team of scientists has developed a new strategy to rank locations for lion conservation activities, based on GPS collar data revealing lions' movements. […]

  • In the brain, dislike and dehumanization are not the same thing
    on June 25, 2018 at 4:24 pm

    It has long been thought that when people characterized others as less-than-human, it was an expression of extreme dislike. New research shows that in fact judgements about dislike and dehumanization of people occur in separate brain regions, suggesting they are different psychological processes. This has implications for how we understand the migrant detention crisis in America as well as intergroup conflict around the world. […]

  • Social bonding key cause of soccer (football) violence
    on June 24, 2018 at 4:12 am

    As World Cup fever sets in, increased hooliganism and soccer (football) related violence are legitimate international concerns. Previous research has linked sports-related hooliganism to 'social maladjustment' e.g. previous episodes of violence or dysfunctional behavior at home, work or school etc. However, social bonding and a desire to protect and defend other fans may be one of the main motivations not only for football hooliganism, but extremist group behavior in general, according to new research. […]

  • Lion conservation research can be bolstered by input from a wide-range of professionals
    on June 19, 2018 at 4:25 pm

    To tackle the sharp decline in lion numbers, conservation research should consider wild prey, livestock and the environment, not just human-lion interaction, a new review suggests. […]

  • Are smarter animals bigger troublemakers?
    on June 18, 2018 at 6:18 pm

    A new paper examines whether smarter animals might be better at learning to live in cities -- but, at the same time, also may come into more conflict with humans. […]

  • More harm than good: Assessing the nuclear arsenal tipping point
    on June 13, 2018 at 2:19 pm

    The first study of its kind shows how detrimental nuclear attack would be for the aggressor nation. […]

  • Claiming credit for cyberattacks
    on June 12, 2018 at 10:51 pm

    The decision to acknowledge sponsorship of an attack is often linked to whether the attacker hopes to draw attention to a cause or to actually influence events, say political scientists. […]

  • Psychedelic drug use associated with reduced partner violence in men
    on June 6, 2018 at 1:37 pm

    Researchers have discovered that men who have used psychedelic drugs in the past have a lower likelihood of engaging in violence against their intimate partners. […]

  • Social media posts may signal whether a protest will become violent
    on May 23, 2018 at 5:33 pm

    Scientists have developed a model for detecting moralized language based on a prior, deep learning framework that can reliably identify text that reflects moral concerns about an issue. The research also finds that people are more likely to condone using violence to defend their beliefs when they think others share their moral values. […]

  • Guns in Chicago just '2.5 handshakes' away, study finds
    on May 22, 2018 at 7:44 pm

    In one of the first studies to try to map a gun market using network science, researchers used the novel scientific approach to understand how close offenders are to guns in the city of Chicago. Recreating Chicago's co-offending network of approximately 188,000 people, the researchers used data on firearms recovered by the Chicago Police Department to locate who in the network possessed those guns. […]

  • Preventing murder by addressing domestic violence
    on May 21, 2018 at 1:26 pm

    Victims of domestic violence are at a high risk to be murdered -- or a victim of attempted murder -- according to a task force of criminal-justice professionals, victim advocates and researchers working to prevent domestic violence and homicides. […]

  • Gun safety programs do not prevent children from handling firearms
    on May 15, 2018 at 3:36 pm

    Researchers have found that children who participate in gun safety programs do not retain the skills they learned and that most still will approach a firearm in an unsupervised setting. While confirming that such programs are still essential, they stress that parents are the front line of defense when it comes to safeguarding their children from accidental shootings -- and that they cannot rely on safety training alone. […]

  • Parents say intense gun violence in PG-13 movies appropriate for teens 15 and older
    on May 14, 2018 at 1:55 pm

    Parents are more willing to let their children see PG-13 movies with intense gun violence when the violence appears to be 'justified' than when it has no socially redeeming purpose, a study finds. But even when the violence in PG-13 movies appears justified, parents think it is more appropriate for teens at least 15 years old, two years older than the PG-13 rating suggests. […]

  • The evolution of conflict resolution
    on May 11, 2018 at 12:55 pm

    New research examines a model that might explain how humans resolve conflict, and what these actions say about biological and social behavior, both now and into the future. […]

  • 3-D printing of weapons threatens security on global, national and personal level
    on May 8, 2018 at 12:14 pm

    A new article suggests additive manufacturing could benefit military adversaries, violent extremists and even street criminals, who could produce their own weapons for use and sale. […]

  • Natural gas prices, not 'war on coal,' were key to coal power decline
    on May 3, 2018 at 6:27 pm

    Steep declines in the use of coal for power generation over the past decade were caused largely by less expensive natural gas and the availability of wind energy -- not by environmental regulations. […]

  • Exposure to domestic violence costs US government $55 billion each year
    on April 25, 2018 at 1:38 pm

    The federal government spends an estimated $55 billion annually on dealing with the effects of childhood exposure to domestic violence, according to new research. […]

  • Stricter gun control could stop violent men killing their partners and themselves
    on April 24, 2018 at 3:28 pm

    Men who use guns to kill their partner are also likely to commit suicide. Those planning to commit suicide are not deterred by severe penalties, and therefore the most successful way of preventing such homicides is to restrict gun access to batterers, experts say. […]

  • Escalation of competition leads to conflict in competitive networks of F1 drivers
    on April 24, 2018 at 1:37 pm

    A new study has revealed that people with similar social status in similar age groups are more likely to clash with each other. This rivalry could likely lead to taking more risks in fair weather conditions. A research team examined the link between status similarity and conflict as well as the conditions under which this link holds by using panel data on Formula 1 races from 1970 through 2014. […]

  • Climate change not the key driver of human conflict and displacement in East Africa
    on April 24, 2018 at 1:37 pm

    Over the last 50 years climate change has not been the key driver of the human displacement or conflict in East Africa, rather it is politics and poverty, according to new research. […]

  • By 2040, artificial intelligence could upend nuclear stability
    on April 24, 2018 at 12:38 pm

    A new paper finds that artificial intelligence has the potential to upend the foundations of nuclear deterrence by the year 2040. While AI-controlled doomsday machines are considered unlikely, the hazards of artificial intelligence for nuclear security lie instead in its potential to encourage humans to take potentially apocalyptic risks, according to the paper. […]

  • Guns used in cross-border crimes originate from states with more lax laws
    on April 23, 2018 at 4:51 pm

    Opponents of gun control have frequently pointed to high rates of gun violence in cities such as Chicago to argue that strong state gun control laws are not effective. But guns used in states with stricter gun laws typically flow from states with weaker laws, according to a new study. […]

  • What's in a name? Researchers track PTSD's many identities during war
    on April 20, 2018 at 9:05 pm

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with military activities for as long as wars have been fought -- but this disorder was only named in the 1980s. A new article documents a different kind of war -- a war of words -- that has been fought over the name of the disorder, and may have slowed clinical and scientific progress on the disorder. […]

  • Rapid rise in mass school shootings in the United States, study shows
    on April 19, 2018 at 5:10 pm

    More people have died or been injured in mass school shootings in the United States in the past 18 years than in the entire 20th century. In a new study, researchers have reviewed the history of mass school shootings in the U.S. and found some alarming trends. […]

  • For nuclear weapons reduction, a way to verify without revealing
    on April 19, 2018 at 5:09 pm

    Researchers have found a new way of verifying nuclear weapons reduction agreements without revealing secret information, using a physical cryptographic key and nuclear resonant phenomena. […]

  • More students report carrying guns in Chicago than New York or Los Angeles
    on April 19, 2018 at 5:00 pm

    More students report carrying guns in Chicago than in New York or Los Angeles, a new study shows. The findings provide historical background for Chicago's 2016 spike in gun violence, which occurred mostly among youth and young adults. […]