Energy and Resources

Energy and Resources News -- ScienceDaily Latest news on energy and resources.

  • Rules to boost fuel economy for passenger vehicles will do more good than harm, new study shows
    on December 6, 2018 at 7:12 pm

    Experts conclude that rules on the books to increase fuel economy for passenger vehicles will do more good than harm, contradicting claims by the Trump administration as it seeks to roll back fuel economy standards. […]

  • Largest continuous oil and gas resource potential ever
    on December 6, 2018 at 6:56 pm

    USGS announces an assessment of continuous oil and gas in Texas and New Mexico's Delaware Basin, the largest USGS has ever conducted, with an estimate of 46.3 billion barrels of oil and 281 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. […]

  • Fighting smog supports solar power
    on December 6, 2018 at 4:59 pm

    Model calculations by researchers show that if China fought smog more aggressively, it could massively increase solar power production. […]

  • 'Sun in a box' would store renewable energy for the grid
    on December 5, 2018 at 10:19 pm

    Engineers have come up with a conceptual design for a system to store renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, and deliver that energy back into an electric grid on demand. The system may be designed to power a small city not just when the sun is up or the wind is high, but around the clock. […]

  • Fine-tuning renewables could help Texas balance energy resources
    on December 5, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    A new study analyzes Texas' mix of wind and solar energy resources, and how to achieve better balance between them going forward. […]

  • Recycle your old mobile phone to save gorilla populations
    on December 5, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    The link between hoarding disused mobile phones and the decimation of Grauer gorilla habitats is explored in a new paper. […]

  • Paving the way for more efficient hydrogen cars
    on December 5, 2018 at 6:40 pm

    For hydrogen cars to become mainstream, scientists need to develop more efficient hydrogen-storage systems. Now, researchers have used metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to set a new record for hydrogen storage capacity under normal operating conditions. […]

  • Uranium in mine dust could dissolve in human lungs
    on December 5, 2018 at 2:37 pm

    Although active uranium mining in New Mexico has ceased, rates of cardiovascular and metabolic disease remain high in the population residing close to mines within the Navajo Nation. According to a new study, inhaled uranium in dusts from the mines could be a factor. […]

  • Team converts wet biological waste to diesel-compatible fuel
    on December 4, 2018 at 6:10 pm

    In a step toward producing renewable engine fuels that are compatible with existing diesel fuel infrastructure, researchers report they can convert wet biowaste, such as swine manure and food scraps, into a fuel that can be blended with diesel and that shares diesel's combustion efficiency and emissions profile. […]

  • Electrochemical techniques for monitoring microbial growth demonstrated
    on December 4, 2018 at 2:03 pm

    Researchers have demonstrated the use of electrochemical techniques to monitor the growth status and energy levels of microorganisms used in biotechnology industries. […]

  • Brilliant iron molecule could provide cheaper solar energy
    on November 30, 2018 at 4:16 pm

    For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating an iron molecule that can function both as a photocatalyst to produce fuel and in solar cells to produce electricity. The results indicate that the iron molecule could replace the more expensive and rarer metals used today. […]

  • Great strides for carbon capture using earth-abundant elements as photocatalytic system
    on November 30, 2018 at 4:16 pm

    Researchers at Tokyo Tech have designed a carbon dioxide reduction method based only on commonly occurring elements. Achieving a 57 percent overall quantum yield of carbon dioxide reduction products, it is the highest performing system of its kind reported to date, raising prospects for cost-effective carbon capture solutions. […]

  • New catalyst produces cheap hydrogen fuel
    on November 29, 2018 at 3:00 pm

    Chemistry researchers have discovered cheaper and more efficient materials for producing hydrogen for the storage of renewable energy that could replace current water-splitting catalysts. […]

  • Interfacial electronic state improving hydrogen storage capacity in Pd-MOF materials
    on November 29, 2018 at 1:55 pm

    Researchers have identified a mechanism by which a hybrid material composed of palladium (Pd) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is capable of storing approximately twice as much hydrogen as a material composed solely of Pd. […]

  • Putting hybrid-electric aircraft performance to the test
    on November 27, 2018 at 10:14 pm

    Although hybrid-electric cars are becoming commonplace, similar technology applied to airplanes comes with significantly different challenges. Aerospace engineers are addressing some of them toward the development of a more sustainable alternative to fossil fuels to power airplanes. […]

  • A life cycle solution to fossil fuel impacts
    on November 27, 2018 at 4:10 pm

    Pennsylvania's energy history is rich with the quantities of fossil fuels that it has produced, but is also rife with the environmental legacies of coal mining and, more recently, hydrofracturing. Water that finds its way into abandoned coal mines dotted throughout the Commonwealth resurfaces as acid mine drainage (AMD), while freshwater used to fracture or "frack" oil and natural gas deposits reemerges as "produced" water contaminated with salts, metals, and radioactive material. […]

  • Coordinated development could help wind farms be better neighbors
    on November 26, 2018 at 6:43 pm

    New research highlights a previously underexplored consequence: A wake effect from upwind wind farms that can reduce the energy production of their downwind neighbors. […]

  • Living electrodes with bacteria and organic electronics
    on November 26, 2018 at 6:43 pm

    Researchers have developed a method that increases the signal strength from microbial electrochemical cells by up to 20 times. The secret is a film with an embedded bacterium: Shewanella oneidensis. […]

  • Light-activated, single-ion catalyst breaks down carbon dioxide
    on November 26, 2018 at 3:55 pm

    A team of scientists has discovered a single-site, visible-light-activated catalyst that converts carbon dioxide into 'building block' molecules that could be used for creating useful chemicals. The discovery opens the possibility of using sunlight to turn a greenhouse gas into hydrocarbon fuels. […]

  • Engineers fly first-ever plane with no moving parts
    on November 23, 2018 at 6:51 pm

    Engineers have built and flown the first-ever plane with no moving parts. Instead of propellers or turbines, the light aircraft is powered by an 'ionic wind' -- a silent but mighty flow of ions that is produced aboard the plane, and that generates enough thrust to propel the plane over a sustained, steady flight. […]

  • Smart car technologies save drivers $6.2 billion on fuel costs each year
    on November 20, 2018 at 5:58 pm

    In the first study to assess the energy impact of smart technology in cars, researchers have put a number on the potential fuel-cost savings alone: $6.2 billion. […]

  • The shape of things to come: Flexible, foldable supercapacitors for energy storage
    on November 20, 2018 at 5:58 pm

    Scientists have discovered a way of making paper supercapacitors for electricity storage. […]

  • Affordable catalyst for CO2 recycling
    on November 16, 2018 at 4:06 pm

    A catalyst for carbon dioxide recycling, Mineral pentlandite may also be a conceivable alternative to expensive precious metal catalysts. Pentlandite had previously been known as a catalyst for hydrogen production. By adding a suitable solvent, the researchers successfully utilised it to convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide. The latter is a common source material in the chemical industry. […]

  • Solar panels for yeast cell biofactories
    on November 15, 2018 at 7:49 pm

    Scientists presents a highly adaptable solution to creating yeast biohybrids with enhanced metabolism driven by light energy. […]

  • Next-gen batteries possible with new engineering approach
    on November 14, 2018 at 9:20 pm

    Dramatically longer-lasting, faster-charging and safer lithium metal batteries may be possible, according to new research. […]

  • Next step on the path towards an efficient biofuel cell
    on November 14, 2018 at 3:40 pm

    Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as a catalyst. However, the enzymes need an aqueous environment, which makes it difficult for the starting material for the reaction -- hydrogen -- to reach the enzyme-loaded electrode. Researchers solved this problem by combining previously developed concepts for packaging the enzymes with gas diffusion electrode technology. […]

  • Structure of fossil-fuel source rocks is finally decoded
    on November 13, 2018 at 7:18 pm

    A team of researchers has taken the first three-dimensional images of kerogen's internal structure, with a level of detail more than 50 times greater than has been previously achieved. The images should allow more accurate predictions of how much oil or gas can be recovered from any given formation. […]

  • Doubly-excited electrons reach new energy states
    on November 13, 2018 at 4:03 pm

    Scientists have now characterized the higher energy levels reached by electrons in resonance in three-particle systems, which are too complex to be described using simple equations. This theoretical model is intended to offer guidance for experimentalists interested in observing these resonant structures in positronium ions. […]

  • Microorganisms help production
    on November 13, 2018 at 4:03 pm

    Oil is still the most economically attractive resource for fuels and basic chemicals that can be used to manufacture everyday products such as plastic bottles and detergent. New biotechnological processes aim to simplify the use of renewable biomass as an alternative to the fossil raw material and make it more cost-effective. […]

  • Purple bacteria 'batteries' turn sewage into clean energy
    on November 13, 2018 at 1:09 pm

    Purple phototrophic bacteria -- which can store energy from light -- when supplied with an electric current can recover near to 100 percent of carbon from any type of organic waste, while generating hydrogen gas for use as fuel. […]