Energy and Resources

Energy and Resources News -- ScienceDaily Latest news on energy and resources.

  • New material: Two faces offer limitless possibilities
    on July 20, 2018 at 1:25 pm

    Named for the mythical god with two faces, Janus membranes -- double-sided membranes that serve as gatekeepers between two substances -- have emerged as a material with potential industrial uses. […]

  • New battery could store wind and solar electricity affordably and at room temperature
    on July 19, 2018 at 8:50 pm

    A new type of flow battery that involves a liquid metal more than doubled the maximum voltage of conventional flow batteries and could lead to affordable storage of renewable power. […]

  • Money talks when trying to influence climate change legislation
    on July 19, 2018 at 2:31 am

    Climate lobbying is big business. A new analysis shows that between 2000 and 2016, lobbyists spent more than two billion dollars on influencing relevant legislation in the US Congress. Unsurprisingly, sectors that could be negatively affected by bills limiting carbon emissions, such as the electrical utilities sector, fossil fuel companies and transportation corporations had the deepest pockets. […]

  • Splitting water: Nanoscale imaging yields key insights
    on July 18, 2018 at 1:25 pm

    In the quest to realize artificial photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel -- just as plants do -- researchers need to not only identify materials to efficiently perform photoelectrochemical water splitting, but also to understand why a certain material may or may not work. Now scientists have pioneered a technique that uses nanoscale imaging to understand how local, nanoscale properties can affect a material's macroscopic performance. […]

  • Traditional Tibetan medicine exposes people and environment to high mercury levels
    on July 18, 2018 at 12:22 pm

    Many people view the Tibetan Plateau, or 'Roof of the World,' as a pristine alpine environment, largely untouched by pollution. But researchers have now shown that traditional Tibetan medicine exposes people and the environment to high levels of mercury and methylmercury. […]

  • No more zigzags: Scientists uncover mechanism that stabilizes fusion plasmas
    on July 17, 2018 at 10:23 pm

    Article describes simulation of mechanism that eliminates sawtooth instabilities in fusion plasmas. […]

  • Solutions to water challenges reside at the interface
    on July 17, 2018 at 4:58 pm

    Researchers describe the most advanced research innovations that could address global clean water accessibility. A new comprehensive article focuses on understanding and controlling the interfaces between materials and water. […]

  • Why pulsed sparks make for better ignition
    on July 16, 2018 at 8:45 pm

    Researchers have learned the mechanisms behind a means of improved ignition, helping to open the door to better performance in all types of combustion systems. […]

  • What's causing the voltage fade in Lithium-rich NMC cathode materials?
    on July 16, 2018 at 7:15 pm

    Researchers explain what's causing the performance-reducing 'voltage fade' that currently plagues a promising class of cathode materials called Lithium-rich NMC (nickel magnesium cobalt) layered oxides. […]

  • Electric car batteries souped-up with fluorinated electrolytes for longer-range driving
    on July 16, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    Researchers have figured out how to increase a rechargeable battery's capacity by using aggressive electrodes and then stabilizing these potentially dangerous electrode materials with a highly-fluorinated electrolyte. […]

  • How to build efficient organic solar cells
    on July 16, 2018 at 3:45 pm

    Twenty-five researchers from seven research institutes have put their heads together to draw up rules for designing high-efficiency organic solar cells. […]

  • Australia has a new venomous snake -- And it may already be threatened
    on July 16, 2018 at 2:35 pm

    The ink has not yet dried on a scientific paper describing a new species of snake, yet the reptile may already be in danger of extinction due to mining. A team of biologists discovered a new species of bandy-bandy snake at Weipa on the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula. […]

  • How gold nanoparticles could improve solar energy storage
    on July 12, 2018 at 3:45 pm

    Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods - opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy use and combat climate change, according to researchers. […]

  • Using coal waste to create sustainable concrete
    on July 12, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    Researchers have created a sustainable alternative to traditional concrete using coal fly ash, a waste product of coal-based electricity generation. […]

  • Why gold-palladium alloys are better than palladium for hydrogen storage
    on July 9, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    Materials that absorb hydrogen are used for hydrogen storage and purification, thus serving as clean energy carriers. The best-known hydrogen absorber, palladium (Pd), can be improved by alloying with gold (Au). New research explains for the first time how Au makes such a difference, which will be valuable for fine-tuning further improvements. […]

  • Oil rigs may end their days as valuable artificial reefs
    on July 9, 2018 at 2:46 pm

    A large group of international researchers have just published a scientific article in which they encourage environmental authorities across the globe to rethink the idea of removing oil rigs, wind turbines and other installations in the sea when they are worn out. […]

  • Salt is key ingredient for cheaper and more efficient batteries
    on July 9, 2018 at 2:11 pm

    A new design of rechargeable battery, created using salt, could lead the way for greener energy. Researchers have designed the novel energy store which allows for greater power while also lasting longer than conventional batteries. […]

  • Exciton limits are meant to be broken: OLED surpasses 100 percent exciton production efficiency
    on July 6, 2018 at 12:51 am

    Researchers have demonstrated an OLED that uses singlet fission to boost the percentage of excitons created per pair of electrical charges to over 100 percent. This increase of light-producing excitons when one singlet exciton is split into two triplet excitons through singlet fission results in a stronger emission intensity and is promising for the development of high-intensity near-infrared OLEDs for biological and communications applications. […]

  • New world record for direct solar water-splitting efficiency
    on July 5, 2018 at 3:40 pm

    An international team of researchers has now succeeded in raising the efficiency of producing hydrogen from direct solar water-splitting to a record 19 per cent. They did so by combining a tandem solar cell of III-V semiconductors with a catalyst of rhodium nanoparticles and a crystalline titanium dioxide coating. […]

  • Bacteria-powered solar cell converts light to energy, even under overcast skies
    on July 5, 2018 at 12:42 pm

    Researchers have found a cheap, sustainable way to build a solar cell using bacteria that convert light to energy. Their cell generated a current stronger than any previously recorded from such a device, and worked as efficiently in dim light as in bright light. This innovation could be a step toward wider adoption of solar power in places like British Columbia and parts of northern Europe where overcast skies are common. […]

  • In a warming world, could air conditioning make things worse?
    on July 3, 2018 at 6:14 pm

    As climate change continues to push summer temperatures ever higher, the increased use of air conditioning in buildings could add to the problems of a warming world by further degrading air quality and compounding the toll of air pollution on human health, according to a new study. […]

  • Diesel doesn't float this boat
    on July 3, 2018 at 2:59 pm

    Marine research could soon be possible without the risk of polluting either the air or the ocean, thanks to a new ship design and feasibility study. […]

  • The vanishing nuclear industry
    on July 2, 2018 at 7:47 pm

    Could nuclear power make a significant contribution to decarbonizing the US energy system over the next three or four decades? Probably not. […]

  • China's emissions reversal cause for 'cautious optimism' says study
    on July 2, 2018 at 3:11 pm

    The decline in China's carbon emissions is likely to be sustained if changes to the country's industrial structure and energy efficiency continue, according to new research. […]

  • Novel hybrid catalyst to split water discovered
    on June 29, 2018 at 2:26 pm

    Researchers have reported an inexpensive hybrid catalyst capable of splitting water to produce hydrogen, suitable for large-scale commercialization. […]

  • Breakthrough in perovskite solar cell technology
    on June 29, 2018 at 2:25 pm

    A new technique has produced the highest performing inverted perovskite solar cell ever recorded. […]

  • Carbon dioxide-to-methanol process improved by catalyst
    on June 28, 2018 at 9:14 pm

    Dramatic improvements have been made to the process of converting carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, to methanol, a fuel and building block for a wide range of everyday materials, according to researchers. […]

  • Path to zero emissions starts out easy, but gets steep
    on June 28, 2018 at 7:18 pm

    Carbon dioxide emissions from human activities must approach zero within several decades to avoid risking grave damage from the effects of climate change. This will require creativity and innovation, because some types of industrial sources of atmospheric carbon lack affordable emissions-free substitutes, according to a new article. […]

  • Finding the right balance for catalysts in the hydrogen evolution reaction
    on June 27, 2018 at 8:04 pm

    A collaboration has optimized the balance between the catalytic activity in hydrogen generation and stability of metal nanoparticles coated with different numbers of graphene layers. The team found that coating the catalyst nanoparticles with three to five graphene layers provided samples that displayed high catalytic activity in hydrogen evolution as well as high stability in acidic solution. These findings should aid the development of economical processes for large-scale hydrogen production. […]

  • BNAs improve performance of Li-ion batteries
    on June 27, 2018 at 8:04 pm

    Recent research has investigated the effect of hierarchical Bi2MoO6 nanosheet arrays on the performance of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) and found that it improves the cycle stability and capacity and is expected to be used in portable electronic devices in the future. […]