Geography News -- ScienceDaily Geography. Read the latest geographical research from universities and institutes around the world.

  • The gypsum gravity chute: A phytoplankton-elevator to the ocean floor
    on May 22, 2018 at 4:32 pm

    Tiny gypsum crystals can make phytoplankton so heavy that they rapidly sink, hereby transporting large quantities of carbon to the ocean's depths. […]

  • How coyotes conquered the continent
    on May 22, 2018 at 3:46 pm

    Using museum specimens and fossil records, researchers have produced a comprehensive (and unprecedented) range history of coyotes that can help reveal the ecology of predation as well as evolution through hybridization. […]

  • Widespread ocean anoxia was cause for past mass extinction
    on May 21, 2018 at 7:43 pm

    For decades, scientists have conducted research centered around the five major mass extinctions that have shaped the world we live in. The extinctions date back more than 450 million years with the Late Ordovician Mass Extinction to the deadliest extinction, the Late Permian extinction 250 million years ago that wiped out over 90 percent of species. […]

  • World's biggest fisheries supported by seagrass meadows
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    Scientific research has provided the first quantitative global evidence of the significant role that seagrass meadows play in supporting world fisheries productivity. […]

  • Japanese student discovers new crustacean species in deep sea hydrothermal vent
    on May 21, 2018 at 1:56 pm

    A new species of microcrustacean was collected from a submarine hot spring (hydrothermal vent) of a marine volcano (Myojin-sho caldera) in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan. This crustacean group is found only in deep-sea hydrothermal vents and is the first of its kind found in Japanese waters. […]

  • Shocking study shows one third of world's protected areas degraded by human activities
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    A shocking study confirms that one third of the world's protected areas -- an astonishing 2.3 million square miles or twice the size of the state of Alaska -- are now under intense human pressure including road building, grazing, and urbanization. […]

  • Limiting warming to 1.5 degree C would save majority of global species from climate change
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    New research finds that limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees C would save the majority of the world's plant and animal species from climate change. Species across the globe would benefit -- particularly those in Southern Africa, the Amazon, Europe and Australia. Examples of animals to benefit include the critically endangered black rhinoceros. Reducing the risk to insects is important because they are vital for 'ecosystem services' such as pollinating crops and being part of the food chain. […]

  • Scientists analyze first ancient human DNA from Southeast Asia
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:26 pm

    Researchers have completed the first whole-genome analysis of ancient human DNA from Southeast Asia Study identifies at least three major waves of human migration into the region over the last 50,000 years, each shaping the genetics of Southeast Asia. […]

  • New Zealand has its own population of blue whales
    on May 17, 2018 at 3:38 pm

    A group of blue whales that frequent the South Taranaki Bight (STB) between the North and South islands of New Zealand appears to be part of a local population that is genetically distinct from other blue whales in the Pacific Ocean and Southern Ocean, a new study has found. […]

  • Climate change broadens threat of emerald ash borer
    on May 17, 2018 at 3:37 pm

    More Canadian cities will experience damage from the emerald ash borer than previously thought. As a result of climate change and fewer days of extreme cold, the beetle may eat its way further north than originally estimated. […]

  • Explaining the history of Australia's vegetation
    on May 17, 2018 at 2:22 pm

    New research has uncovered the history of when and why the native vegetation that today dominates much of Australia first expanded across the continent. […]

  • The survival of sea birds affected by ocean cycles
    on May 17, 2018 at 2:22 pm

    In a general context of climate change, researchers have revealed the impact of ocean cycles, such as the Pacific decadal oscillation and El Niño, on the survival of the Nazca booby. Their research shows for the first time that long cycles directly affect the survival of adult populations. […]

  • Marine animals have been following their preferred climate for millions of years
    on May 17, 2018 at 12:18 pm

    Current global warming has far-reaching ecological consequences, also for the Earth's oceans. Many marine organisms are reacting by migrating towards the poles. Researchers have now discovered that marine animals have been migrating for millions of years when the temperature on Earth increases or decreases. […]

  • Major shift in marine life occurred 33 million years later in the South
    on May 17, 2018 at 12:18 pm

    A new study of marine fossils from Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand and South America reveals that one of the greatest changes to the evolution of life in our oceans occurred more recently in the Southern Hemisphere than previously thought. […]

  • European wind energy generation potential in a 1.5 degree C warmer world
    on May 17, 2018 at 2:14 am

    The UK and large parts of northern Europe could become windier if global temperatures reach 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, according to a new study. […]

  • Climate change impacts fragile river ecosystems
    on May 16, 2018 at 9:22 pm

    Research undertaken in South Africa's Kruger National Park (KNP) has shown that some of the world's most sensitive and valuable riverine habitats are being destroyed due to an increasing frequency of cyclone-driven extreme floods. […]

  • Diverse and abundant megafauna documented at new Atlantic US Marine National Monument
    on May 16, 2018 at 9:22 pm

    Airborne marine biologists were dazzled by the diversity and abundance of large, unusual and sometimes endangered marine wildlife on a recent trip to the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts National Marine Monument, about 150 miles southeast of Cape Cod. […]

  • Major shifts in global freshwater
    on May 16, 2018 at 8:25 pm

    A new global, satellite-based study of Earth's freshwater found that Earth's wet areas are getting wetter, while dry areas are getting drier. The data suggest this pattern is due to many factors, including human water management practices, human-caused climate change and natural climate cycles. […]

  • Europium points to new suspect in continental mystery
    on May 16, 2018 at 6:48 pm

    Clues from some unusual Arizona rocks pointed scientists toward a discovery -- a subtle chemical signature in rocks the world over -- that could answer a long-standing mystery: What stole the iron from Earth's continents? […]

  • Scientists predict how 686 marine species' habitats may shift in response to warming seas
    on May 16, 2018 at 6:48 pm

    New predictions reveal how global warming may shift the geographic distribution of 686 marine species that inhabit North America's Atlantic and Pacific continental shelves, according to a new study. […]

  • How large can a tsunami be in the Caribbean?
    on May 16, 2018 at 2:23 pm

    The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami has researchers reevaluating whether a magnitude 9.0 megathrust earthquake and resulting tsunami might also be a likely risk for the Caribbean region, seismologists report. […]

  • A shipwreck and an 800-year-old 'made in China' label reveal lost history
    on May 16, 2018 at 2:14 pm

    Nearly a thousand years ago, a ship sank in the Java Sea near Indonesia. Cargo recovered from the ocean floor -- including the equivalent to a 'Made in China' label on a piece of pottery -- is helping archaeologists reevaluate when the ship went down and how it fits in with China's history. […]

  • Global 2 degrees C rise doubles population exposed to multiple climate risks compared to 1.5...
    on May 16, 2018 at 2:14 pm

    New research identifying climate vulnerability hotspots has found that the number of people affected by multiple climate change risks could double if the global temperature rises by 2 degrees C, compared to a rise of 1.5 degrees C. […]

  • Monitoring lava lake levels in Congo volcano
    on May 15, 2018 at 10:09 pm

    Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is among the world's most active volcanoes, with a persistent lava lake as one of its defining features. […]

  • China's program 'riskiest environmental project in history,' researcher warns
    on May 15, 2018 at 10:09 pm

    A global expert on infrastructure says that China's plan to crisscross half of the Earth with massive transportation and energy projects is environmentally the riskiest venture ever undertaken. […]

  • Traditional knowledge sheds light on changing East Greenland climate and polar bear hunt
    on May 15, 2018 at 5:15 pm

    Inuit polar bear hunters in East Greenland report changes to their subsistence hunting patterns as well as polar bear distribution and behavior due to decreasing sea ice and the introduction of hunting quotas in 2006. The study is the first in nearly 20 years to document traditional knowledge in East Greenland -- providing a valuable baseline for monitoring future changes and the polar bear population. […]

  • New approach to global-warming projections could make regional estimates more precise
    on May 15, 2018 at 3:35 pm

    A new method for projecting how the temperature will respond to human impacts supports the outlook for substantial global warming throughout this century - but also indicates that, in many regions, warming patterns are likely to vary significantly from those estimated by widely used computer models. […]

  • Antarctic seals can help predict ice sheet melt
    on May 15, 2018 at 2:56 pm

    Two species of seal found in Antarctic seas are helping scientists collect data about the temperature and salinity of waters around vulnerable ice sheets in West Antarctica. Understanding more about how this water gets towards the ice shelves by measuring its temperature, salinity and depth, will help climate change modellers make more accurate predictions about how rapidly the Antarctic ice sheet is melting. […]

  • 437 million tons of fish, $560 billion wasted due to destructive fishing operations
    on May 15, 2018 at 2:56 pm

    Industrial fisheries that rely on bottom trawling wasted 437 million tonnes of fish and missed out on $560 billion in revenue over the past 65 years, new research has found. […]

  • Hippos: Global change may alter the way that hippos shape the environment around them
    on May 14, 2018 at 10:59 pm

    Community ecologists have found that global change may alter the way that hippos shape the environment around them. […]