Microbiology

Microbiology News -- ScienceDaily Microbiology News. Articles and images on biochemistry research, micro-organisms, cell functions and related topics, updated daily.

  • Researchers build artificial cellular compartments as molecular workshops
    on May 22, 2018 at 4:33 pm

    How to install new capabilities in cells without interfering with their metabolic processes? Scientists have altered mammalian cells in such a way that they formed artificial compartments in which sequestered reactions could take place, allowing the detection of cells deep in the tissue and also their manipulation with magnetic fields. […]

  • Could we predict the next Ebola outbreak by tracking the migratory patterns of bats?
    on May 22, 2018 at 4:32 pm

    The researchers worked with satellite information and parameter sampling techniques to create their Ebola-prediction framework, which integrates data and modeling to predict the conditions linking bats' behavior with the outbreak of Ebola. […]

  • The gypsum gravity chute: A phytoplankton-elevator to the ocean floor
    on May 22, 2018 at 4:32 pm

    Tiny gypsum crystals can make phytoplankton so heavy that they rapidly sink, hereby transporting large quantities of carbon to the ocean's depths. […]

  • Mice brain structure linked with sex-based differences in anxiety behavior
    on May 22, 2018 at 3:46 pm

    Using male individuals has long been a tradition in scientific mice studies. But new research enforces the importance of using a balanced population of male and female mice. Scientists studying the locus coeruleus brain structure in mice unexpectedly found substantial differences in the molecular structures of this part of the brain between male and female mice. […]

  • Advance genetics study identifies virulent strain of TB
    on May 22, 2018 at 3:45 pm

    A virulent strain of tuberculosis (TB) has adapted to transmit among young adults in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. […]

  • Faster genome evolution methods to transform yeast
    on May 22, 2018 at 3:44 pm

    Scientists have created a new way of speeding up the genome evolution of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same yeast we use for bread and beer production. […]

  • A hidden world of communication, chemical warfare, beneath the soil
    on May 22, 2018 at 12:22 pm

    New research shows how some of these harmful microbes have to contend not just with a farmer's chemical attacks, but also with their microscopic neighbors -- and themselves turn to chemical warfare to ward off threats. […]

  • How wheat can root out the take-all fungus
    on May 22, 2018 at 12:21 pm

    In the soils of the world's cereal fields, a family tussle between related species of fungi is underway for control of the crops' roots, with food security on the line. Beneficial fungi can help plants to protect themselves from cousins eager to overwhelm the roots, but it's a closely fought battle. Working out the right conditions to support those beneficial fungi and identifying the cereal varieties that are best suited to make the most of that help is no mean task. […]

  • The chestnut gall wasp -- The threat of an invasive species with clonal reproduction
    on May 21, 2018 at 6:38 pm

    A molecular study carried out on the chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus, has revealed the absence of genetic variability in this invasive species, a chestnut-tree parasite, in Europe. This is due to the fact that the wasp's reproduction is strictly parthenogenetic, the females produce more females without having to be fertilized by a male. The high capacity of reproduction of the females, producing genetically identical daughters, give this insect a high invasive potential. […]

  • Deadly malaria's evolution revealed
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:18 pm

    The evolutionary path of the deadliest human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, has been revealed for the first time. This parasite is a member of the Laverania parasite family that only infect the great apes including humans, chimpanzees and gorillas. Scientists estimate that Plasmodium falciparum emerged as a human-specific parasite species earlier than previously thought. […]

  • Quantum effects observed in photosynthesis
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    Molecules that are involved in photosynthesis exhibit the same quantum effects as non-living matter, concludes an international team of scientists. This is the first time that quantum mechanical behavior was proven to exist in biological systems that are involved in photosynthesis. The interpretation of these quantum effects in photosynthesis may help in the development of nature-inspired light-harvesting devices. […]

  • Snap-lock mechanism in bacterial riboswitch
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    In a discovery that points to potential new antibiotic medicines, scientists have deciphered the workings of a common but little-understood bacterial switch that cuts off protein production. […]

  • Target for chikungunya treatment
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    Scientists have identified a molecule found on human cells and some animal cells that could be a target for drugs against chikungunya virus infection and related diseases, according to new research. […]

  • Scientists find link between increases in local temperature and antibiotic resistance
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    Bacteria have long been thought to develop antibiotic resistance largely due to repeated exposure through over-prescribing. But could much bigger environmental pressures be at play? […]

  • Profiling the genome hundreds of variations at a time
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    Using baker's yeast, a team at Harvard's Wyss Institute developed a CRISPR-Cas9-based high-throughput approach that allows researchers to precisely alter hundreds of different genes or features of a single gene at once in individual yeast cells with 80 to 100% efficiency, select cells from the population that show specific behaviors, and identify the gene alterations that either trigger or prevent them. […]

  • Autism is not linked to eating fish in pregnacy
    on May 21, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    A major study examining the fish-eating habits of pregnant women has found that they are not linked to autism or autistic traits in their children. Scientists looked at the assumption that mercury exposure during pregnancy is a major cause of autism using evidence from nearly 4,500 women who took part in the Children of the '90s study. […]

  • Japanese student discovers new crustacean species in deep sea hydrothermal vent
    on May 21, 2018 at 1:56 pm

    A new species of microcrustacean was collected from a submarine hot spring (hydrothermal vent) of a marine volcano (Myojin-sho caldera) in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan. This crustacean group is found only in deep-sea hydrothermal vents and is the first of its kind found in Japanese waters. […]

  • One in 10 parents say their child has gotten sick from spoiled or contaminated food
    on May 21, 2018 at 1:27 pm

    Few parents are using some simple strategies to protect kids from food poisoning outside the home, such as at a potluck or restaurant, according to a new report. […]

  • Genome structure of dinosaurs discovered by bird-turtle comparisons
    on May 21, 2018 at 1:26 pm

    A discovery has provided significant insight into the overall genome structure of dinosaurs. By comparing the genomes of different species, chiefly birds and turtles, a research team was able to determine how the overall genome structure (i.e. the chromosomes) of many dinosaur species might have looked through a microscope. […]

  • Annotation tool provides step toward understanding links between disease, mutant RNA
    on May 20, 2018 at 1:09 pm

    Researchers have developed a computer program that represents a key step toward better understanding the connections between mutant genetic material and disease. […]

  • Researchers discover how body temperature wrecks potential dengue, Zika vaccine
    on May 18, 2018 at 6:10 pm

    A major route toward creating effective vaccines against dengue virus and Zika involves the E protein that covers the surface of each viral particle. But creating such a vaccine has proven difficult for a number of reasons. Now researchers have delineated the details of one major barrier to a promising vaccine. It's something we all have -- a natural body temperature of about 98.6 degrees. […]

  • New insights into malaria parasite
    on May 18, 2018 at 4:19 pm

    Scientists have found that various stages of the development of human malaria parasites, including stages involved in malaria transmission, are linked to epigenetic features and how chromatin -- the complex of DNA and proteins within the nucleus -- is organized and structured in these parasites. […]

  • E. coli tailored to convert plants into renewable chemicals
    on May 18, 2018 at 2:59 pm

    Jet fuel, pantyhose and plastic soda bottles: all three could be made from bioengineered bacteria. […]

  • New virus identified in cat
    on May 18, 2018 at 12:19 pm

    Researchers have found a previously undiscovered hepadnavirus in an immunocompromised cat, and subsequently in banked samples. […]

  • Insect gene allows reproductive organs to cope with harmful bacteria
    on May 17, 2018 at 8:33 pm

    A group of biologists has studied Nasonia parasitic wasps, which are about the size of a sesame seed, and they serve as one of the best models to dissect and characterize the evolution of insect genomes. […]

  • What bacteria can teach us about combating atrazine contamination
    on May 17, 2018 at 8:33 pm

    Researchers are interested in harnessing the bacterial ability to degrade atrazine in order to remediate atrazine-polluted environments. They now describe previously unknown proteins involved in atrazine degradation. […]

  • How intestinal worms hinder tuberculosis vaccination
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    New research in mice suggests that chronic infection with intestinal worms indirectly reduces the number of cells in lymph nodes near the skin, inhibiting the immune system's response to the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine for tuberculosis. […]

  • More than a living syringe: Mosquito saliva alone triggers unexpected immune response
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    Mosquito saliva alone can trigger an unexpected variety of immune responses in an animal model of the human immune system. […]

  • How Nagana is carried by tsetse flies
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    Researchers have revealed new details on how the animal disease Nagana is spread by tsetse flies in Africa. […]

  • Chance discovery links inflammatory bowel disease with common bacterial gut toxin
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    New research has uncovered a surprise link between a common bacterial toxin found in the gut and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). […]