Microbiology

Microbiology News -- ScienceDaily Microbiology News. Articles and images on biochemistry research, micro-organisms, cell functions and related topics, updated daily.

  • Picture perfect: Researchers gain clearest ever image of Ebola virus protein
    on October 17, 2018 at 6:09 pm

    Near-atomic resolution model of viral protein complex brings clearer understanding of the viral mechanics. […]

  • Bacterioplankton: Taking their vitamins
    on October 17, 2018 at 4:44 pm

    New research finds that more bacterioplankton utilize vitamin B1 or B1 precursors from their environment than synthesize their own. The researchers also found that B1 availability can directly limit bacterioplankton growth, which could have larger impacts on aquatic microbial food webs, as well as energy and nutrient exchange. […]

  • Plant hormone makes space farming a possibility
    on October 17, 2018 at 1:49 pm

    With scarce nutrients and weak gravity, growing potatoes on the Moon or on other planets seems unimaginable. But the plant hormone strigolactone could make it possible, plant biologists have shown. The hormone supports the symbiosis between fungi and plant roots, thus encouraging plants' growth -- even under the challenging conditions found in space. […]

  • Infectious diarrhea spores survive high temperatures of hospital laundering
    on October 16, 2018 at 3:01 pm

    Washing contaminated hospital bedsheets in a commercial washing machine with industrial detergent at high disinfecting temperatures failed to remove all traces of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), a bacteria that causes infectious diarrhea, suggesting that linens could be a source of infection among patients and even other hospitals, according to a new study. […]

  • Dual vaccine against anthrax and plague
    on October 16, 2018 at 12:13 pm

    A team of researchers has now engineered a virus nanoparticle vaccine against Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis, tier 1 agents that pose serious threats to national security of the United States. B. anthracis and Y. pestis are the pathogens that cause anthrax and plague, respectively. Using bacteriophage T4, the scientists developed the vaccine by incorporating key antigens of both B. anthracis and Y. pestis into one formulation. Two doses of this vaccine provided complete protection against both inhalational anthrax and pneumonic plague in animal models. […]

  • How beetle larvae thrive on carrion
    on October 15, 2018 at 7:06 pm

    The burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides buries the cadavers of small animals to use them as a food source for its offspring. However, the carcass is susceptible to microbial decomposition. Researchers show that the beetles replace harmful microorganisms with their own beneficial gut symbionts, thus turning a carcass into a nursery with a microbial community that even promotes larval growth. […]

  • Virus-resistant pigs to vastly improve global animal health
    on October 15, 2018 at 5:29 pm

    Researchers have successfully produced a litter of pigs that are genetically resistant to Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus (TGEV), which commonly infects the intestines of pigs and causes almost 100 percent mortality in young pigs. […]

  • Unravelling the genetics of fungal fratricide
    on October 15, 2018 at 3:35 pm

    Selfish genes are genes that are passed on to the next generation but confer no advantage on the individual as a whole, and may sometimes be harmful. Researchers have, for the first time, sequenced (or charted) two selfish genes in the fungus Neurospora intermedia that cause fungal spores to kill their siblings. Unexpectedly, the genes were not related to each other, perhaps indicating that selfish genes are more common than previously thought. […]

  • Cellular 'tuning mechanism' builds elegant eyes
    on October 15, 2018 at 2:45 pm

    Scientists discover a molecular 'brake' that helps control eye lens development in zebrafish. […]

  • The tightest non-aminoglycoside ligand for the bacterial ribosomal RNA A-site
    on October 15, 2018 at 2:45 pm

    A research group has made a significant discovery with positive implications for the development of bacteria-fighting drugs. The aminoacyl-tRNA site (A-site) of the 16S RNA decoding region in the bacterial ribosome looks promising for a new era of antibiotic drug development. […]

  • Artificial intelligence aids automatic monitoring of single molecules in cells
    on October 15, 2018 at 2:04 pm

    Researchers developed a system that can automatically image single molecules within living cells. This system employs learning via neural networks to focus appropriately on samples, search automatically for cells, image fluorescently labeled single molecules, and track their movements. With this system, the team achieved the automated determination of pharmacological parameters and quantitative characterization of the effects of ligands and inhibitors on a target, which has potentially profound implications for biological and medical sciences. […]

  • An RNA key that unlocks innate immunity
    on October 12, 2018 at 7:16 pm

    New research shows that a versatile RNA molecule may be a key player in human cells' frontline defenses against viruses. […]

  • New mechanism for how animal cells stay intact
    on October 12, 2018 at 7:16 pm

    Watching the movement of every cell in an adult animal all at once, researchers discovered ultra-fast cellular contractions. This research suggests a new role for cellular contractions in tissue cohesion, which could be the basis of a new material. […]

  • Classifying microbes differently leads to discovery
    on October 12, 2018 at 3:50 pm

    Changing the way microbes are classified can reveal similarities among mammals' gut microbiomes, according to a new study that proposes an alternative method for classifying microbes to provide insight into human and environmental health. […]

  • Goldilocks principle in biology: Fine-tuning the 'just right' signal load
    on October 12, 2018 at 3:01 pm

    In 'Goldilock and the Three Bears', Goldilock finds that only one bowl of porridge has the ''just right'' temperature, and in the same way within biology, you can find the 'just right' conditions -- called the Goldilocks principle. This a research team has done by demonstrating that in order to get the 'just right' amount of signalling for symbiosis in the roots of legumes, a specific enzyme called chitinase (CHIT5) must be present. […]

  • Irrigating vegetables with wastewater in African cities may spread disease
    on October 12, 2018 at 2:22 pm

    Urban farmers growing vegetables to feed millions of people in Africa's ever-growing cities could unwittingly be helping to spread disease by irrigating crops with wastewater, a new study reveals. […]

  • Understanding the neurological code behind how flies fly
    on October 12, 2018 at 12:27 pm

    Discoveries about the neurological processes by which flies stay steady in flight could help humans build more responsive drones or better-balanced robots. […]

  • Photoactive bacteria bait may help in fight against MRSA infections
    on October 11, 2018 at 9:31 pm

    Researchers are testing whether a light-active version of heme, the molecule responsible for transporting oxygen in blood circulation, may help people infected with MRSA. Photodynamic therapy, or PDT, involves a compound known as a photosensitizer, which can be activated by visible light to kill diseased cells or bacteria. PDT is a clinically proven method for fighting cancer but has not yet been developed for treating MRSA infections. […]

  • What pneumococcus says to make you sick
    on October 11, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    Researchers have identified a molecule that plays a key role in bacterial communication and infection. Their findings add a new word to pneumococcus' molecular dictionary and may lead to novel ways to manipulate the bacteria and prevent infection. […]

  • New microscope offers 4-D look at embryonic development in living mice
    on October 11, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    With the development of an adaptive, multi-view light sheet microscope and a suite of computational tools, researchers have captured the first view of early organ development inside the mouse embryo. […]

  • Genetic Achilles heel hurts humans fighting hepatitis C
    on October 11, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    An antimicrobial signaling molecule called interferon lambda 4 has lower activity against the hepatitis C virus in the vast majority of humans compared with chimpanzees and African hunter-gatherer Pygmies, according to a new study. […]

  • Researchers modify CRISPR to reorganize genome
    on October 11, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    Researchers have reworked CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology to manipulate the genome in three-dimensional space, allowing them to ferry genetic snippets to different locations in a cell's nucleus. […]

  • New route of acquiring antibiotic resistance in bacteria is the most potent one to date
    on October 11, 2018 at 6:31 pm

    For the first time in 60 years, researchers have discovered a new mechanism of genetic transduction, the process by which bacteriophages transfer bacterial DNA between bacteria. This new mechanism (lateral transduction) is the most powerful to date, able to transfer large DNA stretches at high frequencies. It likely plays a major role in bacterial evolution and acquisition of antibiotic resistance. […]

  • Clues from a Somalian cavefish about modern mammals' dark past
    on October 11, 2018 at 3:24 pm

    After millions of years living in darkness, a species of blind cavefish has lost an ancient system of DNA repair. That DNA repair system, found in organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants, and most other animals, harnesses energy from visible light to repair DNA damage induced by ultraviolet (UV) light. The findings are intriguing in part because only placental mammals were previously known to lack this system. […]

  • Shrimp talent quest finds a winner
    on October 11, 2018 at 2:36 pm

    Shrimp help keep fish clean -- and scientists have identified the 'cleaner shrimp' with the most talent for reducing parasites and chemical use in farmed fish. […]

  • Surfing on calcium waves: A larva's journey to becoming a fly
    on October 11, 2018 at 2:36 pm

    Researchers have uncovered the neuronal typeset that determines a larva's decision to pupariate, especially when challenged for nutrients. The group has investigated this question in fruit flies to understand how they integrate internal and environmental nutritional cues to make decisions on pupariation. […]

  • Pneumonia-causing bacteria can be spread by nose picking and rubbing
    on October 11, 2018 at 2:36 pm

    Pneumonia-causing bacteria can be spread through picking and rubbing the nose, according to new research. This study is the first to show that transmission can occur via contact between the nose and the hands after exposure to pneumococcus bacteria. […]

  • New techniques can detect lyme disease weeks before current tests
    on October 11, 2018 at 1:05 pm

    Researchers have developed techniques to detect Lyme disease bacteria weeks sooner than current tests, allowing patients to start treatment earlier. […]

  • Functional salivary gland organoid created
    on October 11, 2018 at 1:05 pm

    Scientists have, for the first time, succeeded in growing three-dimensional salivary gland tissue that, when implanted into mice, produced saliva like normal glands. […]

  • A novel biosensor to advance diverse high-level production of microbial cell factories
    on October 11, 2018 at 1:05 pm

    A research group presented a novel biosensor which can produce diverse, high-level microbial cell factories. The biosensor monitors the concentration of products and even intermediates when new strains are being developed. This strategy provides a new platform for manufacturing diverse natural products from renewable resources. The team succeeded in creating four natural products of high-level pharmaceutical importance with this strategy. […]