Urbanization

Urbanization News -- ScienceDaily Population studies and urbanization. Read scientific research on the effects of urbanization and related research.

  • Cities as study proxies for climate change
    on July 18, 2018 at 9:03 pm

    Cities can serve as useful proxies to study and predict the effects of climate change, according to a research review that tracks urbanization's effects on plant and insect species. […]

  • Protecting tropical forest carbon stocks may not prevent large-scale species loss
    on July 16, 2018 at 8:45 pm

    As the world seeks to curb human-induced climate change, will protecting the carbon of tropical forests also ensure the survival of their species? A study suggests the answer to this question is far from straightforward. Forests with the greatest carbon content do not necessarily house the most species, meaning carbon-focused conservation can miss large swathes of tropical forest biodiversity. […]

  • City size plays crucial role in migration patterns
    on July 6, 2018 at 8:06 pm

    People from smaller cities are more likely to migrate than people from larger cities, according to a new study. […]

  • Some of the world's poorest people are bearing the costs of tropical forest conservation
    on July 5, 2018 at 12:42 pm

    Researchers show that new conservation restrictions in Madagascar bring very significant costs to local people (representing up to 85 percent of local annual incomes). The researchers estimate that 27,000 people have been negatively impacted by the conservation project. […]

  • Athletic 'pull' increases campus diversity
    on July 2, 2018 at 9:08 pm

    The next time you see your favorite collegiate athlete on the field or court, think again about their road to getting there. […]

  • Political leaning influences city water policies as strongly as climate
    on June 19, 2018 at 9:29 pm

    Researchers examined city water policies over the course of four years to create a database of water conservation policies. They also developed an associated index of the number of different categories of policies each city adopted and gathered data on the climate, water sources, population, economy and political leanings of each city and its surrounding metropolitan statistical area -- as reflected in the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. […]

  • Overuse of agricultural chemicals on China's small farms harms health and environment
    on June 19, 2018 at 2:25 am

    The size of farms in China is a key contributor to the overuse of agricultural chemicals, and as a result they may be too small to be environmentally sustainable, a new study has found. […]

  • Agricultural intensification not a 'blueprint' for sustainable development
    on June 15, 2018 at 1:38 am

    New research suggests that the combined social and ecological results of increased agricultural intensification in low and middle-income countries are not as positive as expected. The study is the first to bring together current knowledge on how agricultural intensification affects both the environment and human wellbeing in these countries. […]

  • Social media images of culture can predict economic trends in cities
    on June 6, 2018 at 9:37 pm

    A vibrant arts, music and science culture -- as measured by images posted to social media site Flickr -- successfully predicted the economic rise of certain neighborhoods in London and New York City. The model could even anticipate gentrification by five years. With more than half of the world's population living in cities, such information could help policymakers ensure human wellbeing in dense urban settings. […]

  • Disaster recovery requires rebuilding livelihoods
    on June 6, 2018 at 1:05 pm

    The short-term losses people suffer when natural disasters strike can turn into long-term poverty if reconstruction policies don't consider how people are going to make a living. […]

  • Hydropower in Cambodia could threaten food security of region
    on May 31, 2018 at 8:23 pm

    Farmers and anglers in Cambodia depend on the Mekong River's predictable seasonal patterns, but new dams for hydroelectricity are altering the hydrology of the river. These changes have the potential to threaten fish migration, livelihoods, and regional food security. […]

  • Oil and gas wastewater as dust suppressant less than ideal
    on May 31, 2018 at 2:28 pm

    At the least, wastewater from oil and gas drilling should be treated in a waste treatment facility before it is used on dirt roads to suppress dust or deice roads. At the best, affordable, nontoxic dust suppressants should be developed and used, according to a multidisciplinary team of researchers. […]

  • Increasing heat is driving off clouds that dampen California wildfires
    on May 30, 2018 at 3:29 pm

    Sunny California may be getting too sunny. Increasing summer temperatures brought on by a combination of intensifying urbanization and warming climate are driving off once common low-lying morning clouds in many southern coastal areas of the state, leading to increased risk of wildfires, says a new study. […]

  • How many taxis does a city need?
    on May 23, 2018 at 5:32 pm

    A taxi dispatching approach could cut the number of cars on the road while meeting rider demand. […]

  • Guns in Chicago just '2.5 handshakes' away, study finds
    on May 22, 2018 at 7:44 pm

    In one of the first studies to try to map a gun market using network science, researchers used the novel scientific approach to understand how close offenders are to guns in the city of Chicago. Recreating Chicago's co-offending network of approximately 188,000 people, the researchers used data on firearms recovered by the Chicago Police Department to locate who in the network possessed those guns. […]

  • Shocking study shows one third of world's protected areas degraded by human activities
    on May 17, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    A shocking study confirms that one third of the world's protected areas -- an astonishing 2.3 million square miles or twice the size of the state of Alaska -- are now under intense human pressure including road building, grazing, and urbanization. […]

  • Location of protected areas vital to wildlife survival
    on May 14, 2018 at 1:15 pm

    A new study, by conservation scientists and environmental scholars, say the exact location of protective wild spaces is just as vital as committing to set these areas aside. […]

  • Bloomberg era's emphasis on 'health in all policies' improved New Yorkers' heart health
    on May 2, 2018 at 11:58 am

    From 2002 to 2013, New York City implemented a series of policies prioritizing the public's health in areas beyond traditional healthcare policies and illustrated the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. This strategy is known as employing a 'health in all policies' approach. Researchers catalogued health-relevant legislation in New York City from 1998 to 2017 and found that 7.4 percent of the 3,745 pieces of legislation introduced during the Bloomberg Administration had the potential to impact New Yorkers' cardiovascular health. […]

  • Farming fish saves land
    on April 30, 2018 at 8:04 pm

    New evidence shows seafood from aquatic farming -- aquaculture -- can help feed the future global population while substantially reducing one of the biggest environmental impacts of meat production -- land use -- without requiring people to entirely abandon meat as a food source. […]

  • City upbringing, without pets, boosts vulnerability to mental illness
    on April 30, 2018 at 8:04 pm

    Children raised in a rural environment, surrounded by animals and bacteria-laden dust, grow up to have more stress-resilient immune systems and might be at lower risk of mental illness than pet-free city dwellers, according to new research. […]

  • Rugosity and concentricity: In urban planning, look to edges, not just the core
    on April 26, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    Planners should view high rugosity (highly non-concentric) urban areas as symptomatic of vigor in urban and agricultural markets. Greater planning efforts are required to coordinated the co-joined health of both agricultural and urban land-uses. Empirical analysis is supported by land-use policies from 30 case study counties. […]

  • Respect Indigenous ancestors: Scholars urge community engagement before research
    on April 26, 2018 at 6:15 pm

    A new article provides guidance for those intending to study ancient human remains in the Americas. The paper, written by Indigenous scholars and scientists and those who collaborate with Indigenous communities on studies of ancient DNA, offers a clear directive to others contemplating such research: First, do no harm. […]

  • Why traffic accidents with cyclists are becoming increasingly more common
    on April 19, 2018 at 5:10 pm

    The bicycle is a cheap and ecological way of transport, and it is also a healthy option. This is why the number of cyclists in cities has increased in recent years, but so has the accident rate. A study confirms that these incidents are caused by a combination of inadequate infrastructures and risk behavior on the part of drivers and cyclists. […]

  • Cities and communities in the US losing 36 million trees a year
    on April 18, 2018 at 6:13 pm

    Nationally, urban/community tree cover declined from 42.9 percent to 42.2 percent between 2009-2014. This translates to losing an estimated 36 million trees or approximately 175,000 acres of tree cover annually. […]

  • From property damage to lost production: How natural disasters impact economics
    on April 11, 2018 at 9:41 pm

    When a natural disaster strikes, major disaster databases tend to compile information about losses such as damages to property or cost of repairs, but other economic impacts after the disaster are often overlooked -- such as how a company's lost ability to produce products may affect the entire supply-chain within the affected region and in other regions. This may give an incomplete picture of the full financial impact of the disaster. […]

  • Hospital payment reform fix?
    on April 2, 2018 at 8:07 pm

    Hospital payment experiment in Maryland failed to deliver on the promise of shifting care from hospitals toward less expensive outpatient and primary care settings. Researchers say that weak incentives for physicians may have limited the program's effectiveness. […]

  • Flood risk denial in US coastal communities
    on April 2, 2018 at 12:58 pm

    Cultural anthropologists are working to identify flood-prone locations, key individuals, and intervention strategies that lead to community-based mitigation in US coastal communities. […]

  • Investing in public education earns high marks for greater upward mobility
    on March 28, 2018 at 4:01 pm

    Investing in education may help boost economic opportunities for the next generation, according to a team of economists. […]

  • Fleet of automated electric taxis could deliver environmental and energy benefits
    on March 28, 2018 at 12:34 pm

    It may be only a matter of time before urban dwellers can hail a self-driving taxi, so researchers decided to analyze the cost, energy, and environmental implications of a fleet of self-driving electric vehicles operating in Manhattan. They found that shared automated electric vehicles, or SAEVs, could get the job done at a lower cost -- by an order of magnitude -- than present-day taxis while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption. […]

  • Worldwide degradation of land and nature threatens prosperity and wellbeing
    on March 27, 2018 at 3:16 pm

    The world’s prosperity and wellbeing are seriously being threatened by the degradation of land and nature. Although there are opportunities to turn things around, fears of further deterioration in the coming decades must not be taken lightly. […]